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The effect of behavioral objectives on student achievement has been an area of considerable research during the last 20 years. Numerous narrative reviews have been conducted on the topic in an attempt to generalize the findings. However, conflicting results have been obtained. Thus, this study used a meta-analytic technique to quantitatively synthesize the research from 111 studies reporting findings on the effects of behavioral objectives. / The meta-analysis showed a quantifiable, although small, positive effect on student achievement in general. In a typical study, the effect of behavioral objectives raised student achievement scores an average of .12 standard deviations. Similar results were found for studies grouped by type of outcome variable (achievement, relevant and incidental learning). When grouped by ability, however, results were more favorable. When combined on the basis of ability, effect of exposure to behavioral objectives was an increase of an average of .17 standard deviations in student achievement. / The results of the meta-analysis led to the following conclusions. First, the use of objectives is statistically supported. Second, the ability level of students and the type of outcome variable are clearly related to behavioral objectives. / Implications of this research are relevant to instructional designers, teachers, and researchers. For researchers the study identifies areas for further investigation and provides an actual effect size that will help to determine an adequate sample size and to make decisions about the practical importance of results. Instructional designers and teachers will find use for the fact that behavioral objectives have a positive effect on student achievement. However, since this improvement is small, other factors should be considered in the search for potent ways to increase the achievement of students. / Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 45-02, Section: A, page: 0501. / Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1984.
ContributorsASENCIO, CARMEN EVELYN., Florida State University
Source SetsFlorida State University
Detected LanguageEnglish
Format154 p.
RightsOn campus use only.
RelationDissertation Abstracts International

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