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Development and Testing of a Chronic Pain Integration Questionnaire

Background. Understanding how people adjust to living with chronic pain is paramount
because of the negative impact of chronic pain on quality of life. Chronic pain integration
has been proposed as a new construct that may enhance understanding of chronic pain
adjustment. Integration, as defined by people living with chronic pain, is an ongoing
process in which the person with chronic pain evolves becoming a mentally and
physically stronger individual; creating a sense of harmony and control in one’s life.
These positive outcomes of integration necessitate its continued investigation in chronic
pain, especially if it may positively affect life quality.
Objective. There were two overarching purposes of this study: (a) to further refine and
test the psychometric properties of the Chronic Pain Integration Questionnaire (CPIQ);
and (b) to examine four research hypotheses based on the proposed relationships between
several constructs.
Method and Results. Utilizing a quantitative, non-experimental design, the CPIQ
demonstrated internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, and evidence of
validity when tested in a sample of 201 adults living with chronic non-cancer pain. All
four of the research hypotheses were confirmed and three domains of the CPIQ were
identified through exploratory factor analysis: self-management, self-awareness, and
intrinsic adjustment. The favourable psychometric results of the CPIQ provide support
for its continued use to understand adjustment in chronic pain. Ultimately, the goal of
future research with the CPIQ is to identify effective interventions that promote chronic
pain integration; leading to improved life quality for the person with chronic pain. / Thesis / Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) / A questionnaire titled the Chronic Pain Integration Questionnaire (CPIQ) was developed
and then given to 201 adults living with chronic pain in order to gain a better
understanding of how these adults have adjusted to living with chronic pain. The
responses that these adults gave on the CPIQ were then compared to responses they gave
on additional questionnaires related to their physical and mental health, acceptance, and
social support. These comparisons allowed for the detailed examination of people’s
adjustment to living with chronic pain. It is hoped that the CPIQ, which has now been
developed and tested, will continue to allow health care professionals to gather more
information about the life of someone living with chronic pain. It is also hoped that the
CPIQ could be used in future research to identify effective strategies that improve the
overall quality of life of the person suffering with chronic pain.
Date06 1900
CreatorsDeshaies, Kathy
ContributorsAkhtar-Danesh, Noori, Nursing
Source SetsMcMaster University
Detected LanguageEnglish

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