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A Proper Orthogonal Decomposition-based inverse material parameter optimization method with applications to cardiac mechanics

We are currently witnessing the advent of a revolutionary new tool for biomedical research. Complex mathematical models of "living cells" are being arranged into representative tissue assemblies and utilized to produce models of integrated tissue and organ function. This enables more sophisticated simulation tools that allows for greater insight into disease and guide the development of modern therapies. The development of realistic computer models of mechanical behaviour for soft biological tissues, such as cardiac tissue, is dependent on the formulation of appropriate constitutive laws and accurate identification of their material parameters. The main focus of this contribution is to investigate a Proper Orthogonal Decomposition with Interpolation (PODI) based method for inverse material parameter optimization in the field of cardiac mechanics. Material parameters are calibrated for a left ventricular and bi-ventricular human heart model during the diastolic filling phase. The calibration method combines a MATLAB-based Levenberg Marquardt algorithm with the in-house PODIbased software ORION. The calibration results are then compared against the full-order solution which is obtained using an in-house code based on the element-free Galerkin method, which is assumed to be the exact solution. The results obtained from this novel calibration method demonstrate that PODI provides the means to drastically reduce computation time but at the same time maintain a similar level of accuracy as provided by the conventional approach.

Identiferoai:union.ndltd.org:netd.ac.za/oai:union.ndltd.org:uct/oai:localhost:11427/22777
Date January 2016
CreatorsMoodley, Kamlin
ContributorsSkatulla, Sebastian
PublisherUniversity of Cape Town, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, Department of Civil Engineering
Source SetsSouth African National ETD Portal
LanguageEnglish
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeMaster Thesis, Masters, MEng
Formatapplication/pdf

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