D.Ed. (Didactics) / The inability to work in groups effectively and difficulties with discussion and decision-making were observed amongst pupils. This led the researcher to question whether pupils in South African schools are presented with opportunities to share in and take responsibility for their own learning. The literature pertaining to the nature, phenomenon and process of negotiation is briefly examined and fundamentals are identified. Negotiation is contextualized as a component of the educational phenomenon. An observation study of three std 7 classrooms in three different schools is undertaken in order to identify and describe all forms and modes of negotiation. Interviews with teachers and with pupils serve as cross-validation of these results. The results reveal that little negotiation of any nature takes place in the classroom; that teachers and pupils possess few skills and little knowledge in this regard; and that teachers perform the central role in the classroom whilst pupil contributions are not encouraged. As a qualitative study the final results indicate trends that may be generalized to similar classrooms. The concept of negotiation as a didactic phenomenon is now examined in depth by means of a literature research, with back reference to the findings of the field study. Key elements are identified and a conceptual presentation of classroom negotiation is made. The necessity of negotiation as an innovative, democratic and relevant perspective on the classroom is argued and a model for negotiated learning is presented...
|Date||11 February 2014|
|Creators||Muller, Renee Pienaar|
|Source Sets||South African National ETD Portal|
|Rights||University of Johannesburg|
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