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## Structure and representation of real locally C*- and locally JB-algebras

The abstract Banach associative symmetrical *-algebras over C, so called C*-

algebras, were introduced first in 1943 by Gelfand and Naimark24. In the present time

the theory of C*-algebras has become a vast portion of functional analysis having connections

and applications in almost all branches of modern mathematics and theoretical

physics.

From the 1940’s and the beginning of 1950’s there were numerous attempts made

to extend the theory of C*-algebras to a category wider than Banach algebras. For example,

in 1952, while working on the theory of locally-multiplicatively-convex algebras

as projective limits of projective families of Banach algebras, Arens in the paper8 and

Michael in the monograph48 independently for the first time studied projective limits

of projective families of functional algebras in the commutative case and projective

limits of projective families of operator algebras in the non-commutative case. In 1971

Inoue in the paper33 explicitly studied topological *-algebras which are topologically

-isomorphic to projective limits of projective families of C*-algebras and obtained their

basic properties. He as well suggested a name of locally C*-algebras for that category.

For the present state of the theory of locally C*-algebras see the monograph of

Fragoulopoulou.

Also there were many attempts to extend the theory of C*-algebras to nonassociative

algebras which are close in properties to associative algebras (in particular,

to Jordan algebras). In fact, the real Jordan analogues of C*-algebras, so called JB-algebras, were first introduced in 1978 by Alfsen, Shultz and Størmer in1. One of the

main results of the aforementioned paper stated that modulo factorization over a unique

Jordan ideal each JB-algebra is isometrically isomorphic to a JC-algebra, i.e. an operator

norm closed Jordan subalgebra of the Jordan algebra of all bounded self-adjoint

operators with symmetric multiplication acting on a complex Hilbert space.

Projective limits of Banach algebras have been studied sporadically by many

authors since 1952, when they were first introduced by Arens8 and Michael48. Projective

limits of complex C*-algebras were first mentioned by Arens. They have since been

studied under various names by Wenjen, Sya Do-Shin, Brooks, Inoue, Schmüdgen,

Fritzsche, Fragoulopoulou, Phillips, etc.

We will follow Inoue33 in the usage of the name "locally C*-algebras" for these

objects.

At the same time, in parallel with the theory of complex C*-algebras, a theory

of their real and Jordan analogues, namely real C*-algebras and JB-algebras, has been

actively developed by various authors.

In chapter 2 we present definitions and basic theorems on complex and real

C*-algebras, JB-algebras and complex locally C*-algebras to be used further.

In chapter 3 we define a real locally Hilbert space HR and an algebra of operators

L(HR) (not bounded anymore) acting on HR.

In chapter 4 we give new definitions and study several properties of locally C*-

and locally JB-algebras. Then we show that a real locally C*-algebra (locally JBalgebra)

is locally isometric to some closed subalgebra of L(HR).

In chapter 5 we study complex and real Abelian locally C*-algebras.

In chapter 6 we study universal enveloping algebras for locally JB-algebras.

In chapter 7 we define and study dual space characterizations of real locally C*

and locally JB-algebras.

In chapter 8 we define barreled real locally C* and locally JB-algebras and study

their representations as unbounded operators acting on dense subspaces of some Hilbert

spaces.

It is beneficial to extend the existing theory to the case of real and Jordan

analogues of complex locally C*-algebras. The present thesis is devoted to study such

analogues, which we call real locally C*- and locally JB-algebras. / Mathematics / D. Phil. (Mathematics)

Identifer | oai:union.ndltd.org:netd.ac.za/oai:union.ndltd.org:unisa/oai:uir.unisa.ac.za:10500/23637 |

Date | 08 1900 |

Creators | Friedman, Oleg |

Contributors | Lindeboom, Lenore, Labuschagne, Louis E., Katz, Alexander A. |

Source Sets | South African National ETD Portal |

Language | English |

Detected Language | English |

Type | Thesis |

Format | 1 online resource (164 leaves) |

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