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Beliefs and perceptions that influence utilization of HIV/AIDS services by newly HIV diagnosed men in rural Mbashe Sub-District in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

A Research Submitted to the Faculty of Health Sciences (School
of Public Health), University of the Witwatersrand, in Partial
Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Masters in
Public Health in the field of Social Behaviour Change and
27 May 2014 / Introduction:
HIV/AIDS services are now given freely at public health facility level. They have been decentralized to the formal primary health facilities in the rural areas. Despite the efforts by the South African government, the utilization of those services remains a challenge. There are gender disparities in utilisation of HIV/AIDS services as females utilize the services in greater numbers compared to their male counterparts. The newly diagnosed seropositive men tend to disappear soon after HIV testing, only to appear in a formal health system when their immune system is seriously suppressed and at a more advanced WHO stage of disease. Therefore, the overall aim of this study was to explore the underlying perceptions and beliefs that influence utilization of HIV/AIDS services by newly diagnosed HIV positive men in Mbashe Sub-District of the Eastern Cape between January 2010 and March 2011
The study was conducted in the rural Mbashe Sub-District of the Eastern Cape Province and utilized a qualitative methodology. This qualitative approach relied on semi-structured in-depth interviews with newly diagnosed HIV positive men of 18-49 years of age who were either accessing or not accessing the HIV/AIDS services during January 2010 and March 2011.The participants were recruited through purposive sampling and 18 interviews were conducted in 6 different facilities at three different service levels. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcripts were subjected to thematic content analysis based on the Health Belief Model.
The results show that both groups of men reacted negatively to HIV positive status. The experiences during HIV Counselling and Testing were not linked to whether men could access services. The barriers to utilizing the available HIV/AIDS services included fear of stigma and discrimination, need for an alternative quick cure which delayed utilization of the services, the clinic as gendered space, compromised Provider-Initiated Counselling and Testing (PICT) model implementation, shortage of food, physical fitness and alcoholism. The facilitators for access included the need for survival, disclosure and social support, and cues to action like witnessing a relative dying due to HIV/AIDS related illness. However, the HBM model could not squarely explain the trends in accessing HIV service since few constructs were found to be relevant and also some issues that are outside the HBM model emerged.
The study demonstrates that newly diagnosed men‟s utilization of the subsequent free HIV/AIDS services at the primary health care level is influenced by many factors . There are those factors that trigger men to utilize the services and those that deter them from accessing necessary HIV/AIDS services. The factors that influence their access to services are mainly within the multilevel framework which ranges from individual, family, community and societal factors. Therefore, the targeted interventions to address the issue should focus on addressing stigma and discrimination, policy change on training, recruitment and deployment of male nurses, integration of traditional/spiritual interventions within the mainstream of health services, correct implementation of the PICT model and encouraging couple
counselling and testing. The Health Belief Model constructs, especially perceived severity, were not strongly linked to whether men accessed services or not.
Date January 2014
CreatorsMubuyayi, Clever
Source SetsSouth African National ETD Portal
Detected LanguageEnglish

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