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Role mitochondriálního energetického metabolismu v buněčné senescenci / The role of mitochondrial energy metabolism in cell senescence

Cellular senescence represents status, when the cells cease to divide and remain in permanent cell cycle arrest. Senescence is considered to be an active response of the cell to various extrinsic and intrinsic types of stress such as certain oncogene activation, exposing to several cytokines or drugs and damaged and/or uncapped telomeres. Senescent cells are characterised by extensive modification of gene expression, flattened and enlargement of cellular body. Hypothetically, altered gene expression may lead also to increase of certain surface proteins expression. Such protein can be L1 cell adhesive molecule (L1CAM), which is expressed heterogeneously within the population. This Thesis describes current knowledge of cellular senescence, the mechanism, which may result in establishment of senescence phenotype, and also the characteristic markers of senescence. Thesis also puts together the heterogeneity of L1CAM expression in A375 senescent cells with oxygen consumption rate and extracellular acidification rate performed by Seahorse XFe24 metabolic analyser. Therefore, ells were sorted according to their levels of expressing L1CAM onto low and high L1CAM expressing subpopulations. Obtained data show potential correlation between the rate of L1CAM expression in A375 cells and the metabolic rate. Key...
Date January 2016
CreatorsZima, Michal
ContributorsTrnka, Jan, Pecinová, Alena
Source SetsCzech ETDs
Detected LanguageEnglish

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