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A study of the relationships of self-efficacy of self-management of asthma and asthma self-management knowledge

The purposes of this study are to examine the relationship of self-efficacy
regarding self-management of asthma and student self-management knowledge and also
examine the extent to which self-efficacy and self-management knowledge predicts
student outcomes such as reading grades, the number of times a student was absent and
the number of visits a student made to the school nurse. Students were sampled from
one public school district within a suburban city in the southwest portion of the United
States. The sample was comprised of 33 males and 12 females ranging in age from six
to eleven years of age.
Three data collection instruments were developed for this study. Parents of the
participants were asked to fill out a demographic survey to provide descriptive data.
Participants of the study were administered two face-to-face interview surveys: The
Asthma Student Self-Management Knowledge in a School Setting Survey (SMS) and the Asthma Self-Efficacy of Self-Management of Asthma Survey (AMES). Both surveys
were developed based on the six lesson topics of Open Airways.
Two separate data analyses were conducted based on the data collected from
each participant. To better understand the relationship between the AMES and the SMS,
a Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was used in the regression analysis.
The findings showed that there was a statistically significant positive relationship
between the SMS and the AMES. To determine if the AMES and the SMS could predict
reading grades, the number of times a student was absent and the number of visits a
student made to the school nurse, a multiple linear regression was used. The findings
showed that there is minimal evidence showing that only reading scores maybe predicted
by asthma self-efficacy and asthma self-management knowledge.
Taking into account identified limitations such as not taking into account the
severity of the participant??s asthma, one would be cautious to generalize these findings
to other children with asthma. Based on these results and limitations, recommendations
for future practice and for future research are provided.
Date01 November 2005
CreatorsMcCorkle, Laura Steed
ContributorsPalmer, Douglas J., Parrish, Linda H.
PublisherTexas A&M University
Source SetsTexas A and M University
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeBook, Thesis, Electronic Dissertation, text
Format331214 bytes, electronic, application/pdf, born digital

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