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Low-cost motor drive embedded fault diagnosis systems

Electric motors are used widely in industrial manufacturing plants. Bearing faults,
insulation faults, and rotor faults are the major causes of electric motor failures. Based on
the line current analysis, this dissertation mainly deals with the low cost incipient fault
detection of inverter-fed driven motors. Basically, low order inverter harmonics
contributions to fault diagnosis, a motor drive embedded condition monitoring method,
analysis of motor fault signatures in noisy line current, and a few specific applications of
proposed methods are studied in detail.
First, the effects of inverter harmonics on motor current fault signatures are
analyzed in detail. The introduced fault signatures due to harmonics provide additional
information about the motor faults and enhance the reliability of fault decisions. It is
theoretically and experimentally shown that the extended fault signatures caused by the
inverter harmonics are similar and comparable to those generated by the fundamental
harmonic on the line current. In the next chapter, the reference frame theory is proposed as a powerful toolbox to
find the exact magnitude and phase quantities of specific fault signatures in real time. The
faulty motors are experimentally tested both offline, using data acquisition system, and
online, employing the TMS320F2812 DSP to prove the effectiveness of the proposed tool.
In addition to reference frame theory, another digital signal processor (DSP)-based phasesensitive
motor fault signature detection is presented in the following chapter. This method
has a powerful line current noise suppression capability while detecting the fault
signatures. It is experimentally shown that the proposed method can determine the
normalized magnitude and phase information of the fault signatures even in the presence
of significant noise.
Finally, a signal processing based fault diagnosis scheme for on-board diagnosis of
rotor asymmetry at start-up and idle mode is presented. It is quite challenging to obtain
these regular test conditions for long enough time during daily vehicle operations. In
addition, automobile vibrations cause a non-uniform air-gap motor operation which
directly affects the inductances of electric motor and results quite noisy current spectrum.
The proposed method overcomes the challenges like aforementioned ones simply by
testing the rotor asymmetry at zero speed.
Date15 May 2009
CreatorsAkin, Bilal
Source SetsTexas A and M University
Detected LanguageEnglish
TypeBook, Thesis, Electronic Dissertation, text
Formatelectronic, application/pdf, born digital

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