Return to search

Fluctuations in Walking Speeds and Spatiotemporal Gait Parameters When Walking on a Self-Paced Treadmill at Level, Incline, and Decline Slopes

On a daily basis, humans walk over a variety of terrains. Studies have shown that spatiotemporal gait parameters, such as stride length, stride frequency, stride variability, etc., change when humans walk down a decline and up an incline compared to level ground. However, these studies have been limited to using fixed speed treadmills or analyzing a small number of strides when conducted over ground. Thus, there is a need to investigate the fluctuations in spatiotemporal gait parameters of humans walking at their self-selected speed, which requires recording hundreds of strides. Here we hypothesized that subjects will walk with a slower speed and have greater stride variability on an incline or decline compared to level ground. We used a self-paced treadmill and had 7 young adults walk on three slopes (+9 degrees, incline; 0 degrees, level; -9 degrees, decline). A motion capture system was used to calculate spatiotemporal gait parameters. The results showed that subjects walked the fastest on level ground (1.15 +/- 0.17 m/s). Subjects walked more slowly during decline walking (1.06 +/- 0.14 m/s) and walked the slowest during incline walking (0.92 +/- 0.18 m/s). There was not a single steady-state speed that subjects used for all slopes. Instead, there were multiple periods when the subject was not at a steady state. Only ~60% of the strides could be classified as being at steady-state. When walking down a decline, subjects needed ~10 +/- 1 more strides to reach the first steady-state period. When walking on an incline and decline, stride length variability increased by ~1.6x (0.0014�2 ± 0.0008�2) and ~1.2x (0.0012�2 ± 0.0008�2 ) compared to level ground (0.0005 �2 ± 0.0003 �2). Stride width variability increased by ~20.6x (0.0108�2 ± 0.0121�2 ) and ~14.2x (0.0076�2 ± 0.0044�2 ) for incline and decline slopes compared to level ground (0.0005 �2 ± 0.0003 �2). These results provide greater insight on the fluctuations during self-selected walking speeds subjects use on different slopes. This could have implications on balance control and fall risk during walking.
Date01 May 2019
CreatorsCastano, Cesar
Source SetsUniversity of Central Florida
Detected LanguageEnglish
SourceElectronic Theses and Dissertations

Page generated in 0.0026 seconds