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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

The impact of Middle East oil on world oil prices 1973-83

Zainabdin, A. S. January 1977 (has links)
This study is an analysis of recent developments in the world oil market. It examines the likely trends for the future and their implications. It is assumed that during the period under study, 1973-1983, no major political upheavals in the Middle East, no major slump in world economic activities, no major oil discoveries outside the Middle East region and no significant technological breakthrough in energy production or consumption will take place. Attention is focussed on the major Middle East Arab oil producers for whom oil is decisive in their social and economic destinies. The study is particularly concerned with the three major oil-consuming markets: the United states, Western Europe and Japan. It provides estimates for the prospective demand for OPSC oil for their markets in physical and money terms. It is divided into five chapters. Chapter I discusses the economic impact of the oil industry on Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the Emirates. The role of the oil industry on the Iraqi economy and the objectives of Iraq oil policy are discussed in Chapter II. An analysis of the main features of the international oil market in the 1970's is included in Chapter III. Chapter IV analyses the developments in Middle East crude oil prices since the beginning of the seventies and until the present. The final chapter provides projections of the oil demand of the major oil consumers and estimates of OPEC oil revenues in 1983 under various sets of assumptions. It was found out that demand for oil under any assumption will continue to be large and that until the industrialized world develops alternative sources to oil, and this cannot be realized in the short term, the consuming countries will continue to rely heavily on the Miliddle East area as their obvious source of supply.
2

A view from below : tradition, experience & nationalisation in the South Wales coalfield, 1937-1957

Howels, Kim January 1979 (has links)
This thesis attempts to place a halt sign before the glib generalisations which so frequently are employed to describe what are termed "traditionally militant" workforces. It focuses on the mines and communities of the South Wales coalfield during the period 1937 to 1957 and examines the way in which issues at the coalface combined regularly with an inherited and often unique set of local circumstances to confound the directives and analyses of the central executives of the political parties and of the trade unions. It concerns itself primarily with the symbiotic relationship which existed between the politics of the pit and those of the miners' elected leaders. The work is divided into four chronological parts. The first sets out to construct an image of the coalmining industry in South Wales as it attempted to recover from the enormous setbacks which it suffered during the market depression of the early l930s. The second deals with the war years and their immediate aftermath; the third with the onset of nationalisation, and the fourth with the years of Conservative government from 1951 until the sharp downturn in the demand for coal in 1957/58. The records of the South Wales miners' lodges and those of the union's area and national executives provided my main sources of information. These were greatly supplemented by the detailed reports of the Ministry of Labour's Industrial Relations Officers as well as by the political and industrial columns of local and national newspapers and trade journals. Much valuable material was found amongst the mass of information published by the National Coal Board after l97 and, wherever possible, I have made extensive use of the large and growing collection of tape-recorded oral testimony housed at the South Wales Miners' Library in Swansea.
3

Oil corporations and the environment : the case of the Niger Delta

Gusau, Tukur Ismaila January 2012 (has links)
Nigeria is the world’s thirteenth largest oil exporter, with exports of over 2.2 million barrels per day (OPEC report, 2010). The capital-intensive oil sector provides 95 per cent of the nation’s foreign exchange earnings, and about 65 per cent of budgetary revenues. Despite the huge resources from oil sales, the major stake holders within the Nigerian oil sector (the government, host communities, and oil companies) generally believe there is environmental degradation in the oil region. However, they sharply disagree on what precisely constitutes environmental degradation in the Niger Delta and who bears responsibility for it. The major stake holders; accuse one another as being responsible for the situation (Frynas 1999). My research examines the conflicting set of voices and claims among the stake holders in the Nigerian oil industry in describing what environmental degradation is and how it affects their relationships with each other. My argument is that though the key players in the Nigerian oil industry render quite different accounts of what the environment means to them, they all seem to be plausible and, indeed convincing in their own accounts. As a result, the more ‘convincing’ the accounts seem to be, the more dramatic the views become and the more apparent it becomes that we need to employ rigorous analyses to create order in the diversity of their different conflicting accounts by showing that there is much to be gained by setting free the different versions of voices that the key players use to explain what the environment means in their relationship. This thesis considers face to face interviews as a method to explore how my respondents give their own versions of what their environment means to them in their social world. The thesis argues that the way people give their version can be interpreted within the perspective of Goffman’s dramaturgical metaphor which views the performers acting on stage as “merchants of morality” (1956:156).
4

A social survey of the East Kent coalfield

Hughes, Violet Louisa January 1934 (has links)
No description available.
5

Price and determination and economic mechanisms in the European oil industry, 1964-71

O'Carroll, F. M. January 1974 (has links)
No description available.
6

Health and safety management in the offshore oil industry

De Rossi, Valerio January 2011 (has links)
This work-based project is an investigation of the interaction between multicultural crews and safety management systems and the influences of this interaction on health and safety in the offshore oil Industry. This study has been carried out in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Doctorate of Professional Studies at the Institute of Work Based Learning, Middlesex University, London. The aim of this project is to minimise occupational casualties in the industry by exploring the social science paradigms of human action and cultural diversity, and it relies heavily on ethnographic methodologies. The qualitative data collection techniques chosen are structured observations, semistructured interviews, focus groups and a research diary. The key themes that emerged from the project highlighted the perception of high consequences/low probability risk among the working community. In this context, the cultural relativity of the hazard perception is an instrument used to maintain group solidarity. The group that emerged from this work-based research is culturally-biased according to a ‘way of life’ that characterises it, and predisposes it to adopt a particular view of society at work. The data collected and analysed in this ethnographic investigation establish the fact that cultural bias and shared values have influenced how safety is lived and, most importantly, seen and perceived by the workforce community. The concept of “cross-cultural safety consciousness” is proposed in this research, along with a conceptual model for a practical approach to safety based on its findings, with the aim being to reduce the number of incidents in the offshore oil industry. The project may have an international impact and relevance; professional organisations and maritime trade unions have displayed interest in the outcomes of this investigation.
7

Mining and economic growth in Sierra Leone, 1935-1965

Funna, J. S. A. January 1973 (has links)
No description available.
8

Economic diversification in resource abundant economies : the case of the minerals industry in Saudi Arabia

Aldagheiri, Mohammed Ibrahim January 2008 (has links)
The macro-economy of Saudi Arabia has been dominated by oil exports which between 1970 and 1995 accounted for more than 85 percent of total export earnings. Due to the fact that oil is an exhaustible resource, the price of which fluctuates considerably, and is produced in an enclave economy, the Saudi Arabian government had recognized the need to diversity their economy away from oil as the main source of income. Since the oil price crashed, in 1986, the Saudi Arabian government has adopted a new policy to develop non-oil sectors, such as manufacturing, agriculture and more recently, non-oil minerals. This study focuses on the minerals sector in Saudi Arabia which is considered one of the economic activities which has already started to achieve the strategic goal of economic diversification away from oil activities as the main source of national income. Considerable attention has been paid to the large reserves of strategic minerals that have been found such as, phosphate and bauxite. Mining has been embraced by the Saudi government not only to diversify the national economy, but also to stimulate the economy, generate employment opportunities, attract foreign capital, and encourage citizens to invest their money. Therefore, an exploitation of these minerals requires a high demand for transportation infrastructure, the provision of which has become a necessity. The development of transportation infrastructure plays an important role in the economic development of a country, and therefore the railway is considered an economic lifeline for minerals development in the Kingdom, as it will facilitate the transport of raw materials and provide mobility for workers to reach the work place and products to the market place. Moreover, it should facilitate the diversification of the national economy and has the potential to be a powerful instrument in promoting long-term growth and employment.
9

Oil prices and the trade balance of Sub-Saharan African countries : the roles of oil price volatility, real exchange rates, and financial integration

Jibril, Halima Munzali January 2016 (has links)
This thesis empirically examines the effects of oil prices on the trade balances of oil importing and exporting Sub-Saharan African countries. These countries depend heavily on international trade for foreign exchange and economic growth, and fluctuations in oil prices have direct implications for their terms of trade. This thesis contributes to the oil price-trade balance literature by focusing on three aspects of this relationship that are unexplored. First, this thesis introduces the issue of nonlinear oil price effects to the trade balance literature. Using a Threshold Vector Autoregressive Model, it estimates asymmetric and threshold effects of oil prices on the trade balance, focusing on oil price volatility as the source of nonlinearity. Nonlinearities are shown to be stronger in the effects of oil price volatility shocks than oil price level shocks: volatility shocks have larger effects on the trade balance when they occur in an already volatile environment, and decreases in oil price volatility have larger effects than increases. Second, this thesis pioneers the empirical investigation of the role of real exchange rates in determining the effects of oil prices on the trade balance. Using a Cross Section Dependence robust panel data method, this thesis shows that real exchange rate depreciations reduce the effects of oil prices on the trade balances of SSA countries, while real appreciations reinforce these effects. Third, this thesis is the first study to empirically investigate how higher international financial risk sharing affects the response of the trade balance to oil prices. To do this, it employs a Panel Smooth Transition Regression model. The results show that oil importing SSA countries that are well integrated in global financial markets, with higher access to foreign funds, fare better when the oil price is high: they are able to avoid large fluctuations in their nonoil trade balances by smoothing nonoil consumption.
10

The Royal Mint Refinery : a business adapting to change, 1919-1968

Blagg, Michele January 2013 (has links)
The thesis charts the business history of the Royal Mint Refinery (RMR), a bullion refinery operated by the London merchant bank, N M Rothschild & Sons, between 1852 and 1968. Through analysis of business records key events that changed the trading direction of the operation are identified: increased international competition, innovations and technological breakthroughs, diversification and expansion into light engineering, evolving administrative systems and management styles, changes in employer and worker relations, and the sale of the enterprise- set against a backdrop of international financial crises, two world wars, decolonisation and Britain’s changed relationship to Empire gold. Gold is a commodity like no other; in the twentieth century gold held a unique position at the heart of international relations and financial flows in monetary systems around the world. Rothschild assumed an administrative monopoly of the London gold market; as agents to the Bank of England, Chair of the London Gold Fixing and the Bank’s varied business portfolio, which included a myriad of international investments. Ownership of RMR complemented and reinforced this position. Rothschild, through its connection to the refinery, gained access to and control over Empire gold, which in 1914 accounted for 70 per cent. of world output; the majority of which was shipped to London and treated at the Rothschild refinery. The ‘RMR’ brand was internationally recognised and accepted by Central Banks and private investors as good delivery. The profitability of the operation reflected the strong global demand for gold by jewellers, industrial sectors and investors; gold was considered a safe haven especially in times of economic crises or war. Post-1945 London’s decline as a financial centre affected the future of RMR and the operation diverted into light engineering. The thesis links past with present; it charts the rise and fall of the operation and Rothschild’s pursuit of profitability.

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