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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Impacts and benefits of the promotion of UK science, engineering, and technology abroad- why it pays to collaborate at the international level

Harrap, Nicholas Edwin January 2009 (has links)
The purpose of this thesis was to elucidate the socio-economic benefits of international collaboration in scientific research. The proportion of internationally co-authored papers is increasing. This increase in co-authored papers indicates an increase in international collaboration of the actual scientific research being conducted. There are various mechanisms available in the UK which support scientific collaboration with researchers in other countries, however, there is recognition that a more strategic approach is required for international scientific engagement and that there are important social and economic considerations, beyond the benefits to the research process, that governments should consider (GSIF, 2006). This thesis aims to contribute to this debate by analysis of what the benefits are to researchers from collaborating internationally, and also what benefits may be achieved by institutions, and countries, with the focus being on the international engagement of the UK. A literature review was initially conducted. The economic rationales for publicly funded research, particularly the evolutionary rationales, are discussed, before focusing on the issues regarding international collaboration in publicly funded research, and then the techniques and indicators used to study international science. From the findings in the literature review a set of issues were identified and a theoretical framework constructed to analyse. Questionnaires from evaluations of British Council international exchange programmes for researchers were analysed to gain a better understanding of what motivates researchers to collaborate internationally, and what it is that they actually gain from such collaborations. For an understanding of why the government and national agencies support international collaboration, policy officials in the UK Government, UK Research Councils, and non-governmental organisations where interviewed. A case study was undertaken to test the initial findings in more detail. Stem cell research was chosen as a research area to use as a case study as it had many similarities with the UK position overall in scientific research, and further characteristics which made it a suitable case. A questionnaire survey, and follow-up interviews, was conducted with stem cell researchers, based in the UK and abroad. The research has confirmed many of the benefits that researchers have to collaborate internationally which were evident in the literature. These are predominately concerned with accessing knowledge, or equipment which they would not otherwise have access to. How researchers utilise their networks has also been found to be important. Hard economic benefits have been difficult to identify. However, there are benefits that accrue to a country such as awareness and visibility of the research system which can assist in attracting the best students and researchers. Finally there are the benefits that accrue to the individual researchers aggregating to national level benefits.

Scientific communication in Libya in the digital age

Mahmood, Intesar S. January 2011 (has links)
No description available.

The British Association for the Advancement of Science and public attitudes to science, 1919-1945

Collins, Peter Michael Digby January 1978 (has links)
The British Association was founded for 'the advancement of science'. In pursuing this objective it has always operated on two fronts the professional practice of science and the lay attitude to science. It is with the latter that this dissertation is concerned. During the period 1919 - 1945 a considerable public antipathy towards science became manifest. It was felt that the moral, cultural and political values associated with abstract scientific research were at odds with those of a liberal democracy deriving its ethos from the traditionally defined humanities. It was further thought that the rapid development of scientific knowledge and of its technical application threatened a society which had failed to achieve a corresponding development of its ethical standards. The massive and continuous unemployment of the nineteen-thirties and the mounting danger of another war exacerbated public hostility to science and to the machinery which science made possible. As the pursuit of scientific knowledge came increasingly to depend on public financial support, and as the consequences of this pursuit came increasingly to affect all members of society, it grew ever more apparent that the continued advancement of science necessitated an hospitable social environment. Since the public seemed inclined to be inhospitable, the British Association was obliged to go beyond its traditional popularising activities and to conduct a concerted defence of science. It tried to persuade the public that science was a spiritually uplifting exercise, that scientific knowledge was intrinSically worthwhile, that its practical applications were generally beneficial to SOciety. In making this defence of science the British Association became involved in an extended debate over the relations between science and Society which was Simultaneously being waged by other, differently motivated, groups of scientists. The various elements of this debate, and their development during the period under review, are considered in some detail in Part I. The educational system presents a significant mechanism for influencing public attitudes, and it is one which the British Association had long used to further the status of science. Part II examines how the British Association sought between the wars to enlist the educational system in its defence of science. The emphasis here was chiefly on pure science and in this respect the cultural and the political functions of education were the main themes. The Association made the most of the opportunities offered by the general science movement in secondary schools and by adult education to disseminate the cultural values of science : that is, to project a view of science as something deeply imbedded in the social and intellectual heritage of the country, fundamentally of a piece with humane, liberal values and able to contribute to the fulfill~ent of the individual. By thus stressing the cultural aspects of science, the Association hoped to impress on the public that science was concerned with the spiritual as well as the material welfare of man. The political function of education is considered under the heading of education for citizenship and is examined with reference to two disciplines in particular : geography and biology. At the end of the First World War the professional and educational status of both these sciences was low. Each of these sciences began to develop a mancentred orientation and this was made the basis of their claims to a greater rise in the educational system. It was argued that geography and biology generated both knowledge and the sort of outlook vital to citizenship in a democratic society and that they should therefore be taught to all schoolchildren. Such arguments, like the cultural ones, served to emphasise the social importance of science in a non-material sense and hence, it was hoped, to ameliorate public attitudes to science. The motivation behind them, however, was not so much the advancement of society in itself as the advancement of science, for which the British Association had been founded.

Translational space : An ethnographic study of stem cell research

Harrington, Jean Louise January 2011 (has links)
No description available.

Mutable matter: An experiment in engaging publics with nanotechnology

Last, Angela January 2011 (has links)
No description available.

Understanding clinical judgement and its relation to literary experience

Ahlzen, Rolf January 2010 (has links)
No description available.

Exotic superconductivity and Bose-Einstein condensation : generic features in a simple model

Quintanilla, Jorge January 2001 (has links)
No description available.

Facts, fictions and futures : towards a cultural understanding of the public understanding of science

Wardell, Claire Amanda January 2001 (has links)
No description available.

Logarithmic conformal field theories of disordered Dirac fermions

Bhaseen, Miraculous Joseph January 2001 (has links)
No description available.


白峰, 賢一 January 2004 (has links)
北海道大学 / 博士 / 工学

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