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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Force sensing enhancement of robot system

Kochekali, Homayun January 1991 (has links)
At present there is a general industrial need to improve robot performance. Force feedback, which involves sensing and actuation, is one means of improving the relative position between the workpiece and the end-effector. In this research work various causes of errors and poor robot performance are identified. Several methods of improving the performance of robotic systems are discussed. As a result of this research, a system was developed which is interposed between the wrist and the gripper of the manipulator. This system integrates a force sensor with a micro-manipulator, via an electronic control unit, with a micro-computer to enhance a robot system. The force sensor, the micromanipulator and the electronic control unit, were all designed and manufactured at the robotic centre of Middlesex Polytechnic. The force feedback is provided by means of strain gauges and the associated bridge circuitry. Control algorithms which define the relationship between the force detected and the motion required are implemented in the software. The software is capable of performing two specific tasks in real time, these are: 1- Inserting a peg into a hole 2- Following an unknown geometric path A rig was designed and manufactured to enable the robot to follow different geometric shapes and paths in which force control was achieved mainly by control of the micro-manipulator.

Information self-structuring for developmental robotics : organization, adaptation and integration

Olsson, Lars AÌŠke January 2006 (has links)
No description available.

DINERO : Distributed Network Robotics

Baker, Duncan I. January 2006 (has links)
No description available.

Investigation into the use of optic flow and CMAC network for robot balancing

Hernandez, Guillermina Claudia Martinez January 2005 (has links)
No description available.

Orientation and dexterity of serial manipulators

Shah, Paresh January 2003 (has links)
No description available.

Design and performance of a virtual environment with integrated kinaesthetic and visual feedback

Rankov, Sanja January 2005 (has links)
No description available.

The control and modelling of a highly flexible single link robot arm

Sutton, Roland Paul January 1997 (has links)
No description available.

Error mapping and analysis for hybrid parallel kinematic machines

Eastwood, Sara January 2004 (has links)
No description available.

Sensor integration for robotic task planning and position determination

Zatari, A. January 2005 (has links)
No description available.

Adaptive and reinforcement learning control methods for active compliance control of a humanoid robot arm

Khan, Said Ghani January 2012 (has links)
Safety is an important requirement for human-robot interaction. Compliance control can often help to ensure safety in human-robot interaction (HRI). The aim of this work is to develop a compliance control strategy for safe HRI. Compliance can be achieved through passive means (mechanical structure or passive actuation) or through active compliance methods, employing force/torque feedback. This thesis deals with the compliance control of Bristol-Elumotion Robot Torso (BERT) II robot arm which is inherently rigid and heavy. As the dynamic model of the arm is difficult to obtain and prone to inaccuracies, parametric uncertainties and un-modelled nonlinearities, a model-free adaptive compliance controller is employed. The control scheme is using a mass-spring-damper system as reference model to produce compliant behaviour. The adaptive control scheme may cause actuator saturations, which could lead to instabilities and eventually windup. Hence, an anti-windup compensator is employed to address actuator saturation issues. The control scheme is a Cartesian one (tracking x, y and z coordinates) and employing four joints (namely, shoulder flexion, shoulder abduction, humeral rotation and elbow flexion joints) of the BERT II arm. Although, this needs three degrees of freedom (DOF), the fourth redundant DOF is employed to generate human-like motion, minimising a gravitational function. The adaptive compliance control scheme works efficiently for the application and produces good tracking and compliance results. It is often the case that adaptive control schemes are not necessarily (control) optimal, which may create difficulties in the controller design. Furthermore, it is difficult to incorporate constraints or any other desired behaviour. Therefore, bio-inspired reinforcement learning (RL) schemes are explored. A recently formulated RL based optimal adaptive controller scheme is employed and modified for real time testing on our robot arm. The RL based scheme is implemented for non-constrained and constrained cases in the joint space. Particularly, the results produced with the constrained case are encouraging, where the controller learns to deal with the constraints in the form of joint limits. An RL based Cartesian model reference compliance controller is also tested for two links of the BERT II arm. Generally, the results with this scheme are very good. However, there are limitations on the representation of the RL cost functions and the control scheme using neural networks (NNs). To a large extent these limitations have been overcome through a novel practical approach of representing the cost function and the control via a simple neural network. Nevertheless, available computational power permitted only two link experimental implementation. Integration of these new control approaches into practical HRI system is important. A final achievement is an initial HRI experiment for passing of objects between human and robot employing the model reference adaptive compliance control scheme mentioned in the beginning. This experimental scenario is implemented using also separate hand controller and speech interface.

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