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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Vaishnavism and indentured labour in Mauritian literature

Rajkomar, Sraddha Shivani January 2012 (has links)
This thesis addresses two key issues of postcolonial studies that remain under- represented in Anglophone academic circles: the history of Indian indentured labour in Mauritius that began in the nineteenth century and ended in the twentieth century; and the importance of religion in representations of histories of arbitrary colonial control and anti-colonialist struggle. Cross-disciplinary in scope, the thesis nevertheless adopts a literary methodological approach in the examination of poetic and prose texts written by four Mauritian authors from extremely diverse religious and social backgrounds who share a common interest in the fraught history of indenture. These authors are: Leoville L'Homme (1857-1928), Robert-Edward Hart (1891-1954), Marcel Cabon (1912-1972), and Abhimanyu Unnuth (1937- ). Each author's engagement with Vaishnavism, a Hindu tradition, shapes and reflects the visceral individual experiences of a chapter of Mauritian history that brought about one of the most important demographic, social and political changes in the island. In the Introduction, I provide extensive methodological, historical and conceptual contextualisation for the thesis, and establish indenture to be a traumatic phenomenon on a scale that is comparable to that of its predecessor, slavery. The subsequent chapters - which further contribute to postcolonial studies by participating in debates such as Orientalism, colonial desire and masculinity - are each devoted to one author and their relevant texts. In Chapters 1 and 2, I argue that using Vaishnavism, the religion of the colonised, by members of the colonial elite in representations of indenture inevitably consolidates colonialist control in a discursive manner. In Chapters 3 and 4, I look at how the same religion empowers the colonised subject in overcoming the trauma of indenture and in resistance to the sugar plantation system. To conclude, I reflect on the scope of the thesis and its contribution to postcolonial scholarship.

Moments of revelation, fragments of modernity : an exploration of Walter Benjamin and Charles Dickens

Piggott, Gillian Anne January 2007 (has links)
No description available.

Literary activity in Paisley in the early nineteenth century

Crawford, Ronald L. January 1966 (has links)
No description available.

The Anglo-Norman chronicle of Nicolas Trivet : text, with historical, philological and literary study

Rutherford, Alexander January 1932 (has links)
No description available.

Eduardo Paolozzi and J.G. Ballard : representing new British modernities, c. 1966-1980

Huston, Carol January 2013 (has links)
The significance of the relationship between Scottish artist Sir Eduardo Paolozzi (1924-2005) and English novelist J.G. Ballard (1930-2009) has previously been overlooked in art historical and literary scholarship. This thesis fills this research gap through the analysis of how the pair’s works overlapped thematically to represent a particular strain of British modernity. By looking at shared cultural circumstances after World War II, parallels will be drawn between the work of Paolozzi and Ballard in the late years of British modernism. Drawing upon the topics of science fiction, Surrealism, the neo-avant-garde and militaristic and crash aesthetics, this thesis explores the various themes which Paolozzi and Ballard encountered during the period of their friendship. Overall, this comparative analysis reveals that despite dissimilar upbringings, Paolozzi and Ballard’s harrowing experiences of the Second World War culminated in a dual reaction against the stagnant flow of British modernism during the late postwar era. My thesis demonstrates this through their involvement with literary magazines as well as their mutually shared interests as expressed in their works of art and writings. By creating works which appropriated early twentieth century traditions, Paolozzi and Ballard rejected their immediate modernist inheritance and turned to the modernist past with renewed avant-garde intent. As exemplified in their works, the pair together represented the late postwar transition of British modernity during the dawn of what would come to be called ‘postmodernism’.

Roads and the eighteenth-century novel : turnpikes : new topographies and changing narratives

Ewers, Christopher David January 2012 (has links)
The turnpike roads that covered most of Britain between 1720-1820 had a transformative effect on British culture. They altered the experience of mobility, changing the way people moved through the landscape, and this had important consequences for the way the novel developed. The rapid rise of the novel is co-terminous with the rise of the turnpike system. The novel thrives on what is new, and the turnpikes fed this desire for ʻnovelʼ places to describe. While turnpikes have long been a subject for economic historians and geographers, their cultural impact has been underestimated. Interest in the ʻruptureʼ event of the railways has tended to belittle the changes to domestic travel made before 1830. In fact, many of the changes ascribed to the railway age – a focus on destination, a new speed-up of society, the dullness and flattening out of travel – were instigated by the turnpike network. Turnpikes were the tipping point where the accelerated culture associated with modernity first started to take hold. Turnpikes were also a specific type of road, changing topographies in a very distinct way that tended to make travel commodified, constricted and quotidian. Each chapter explores different effects of the turnpikes, and the ways in which they changed the novel, with chapters on roads and class; the politics of routes and modes of transport; roads and narrative; roads and landscape; roads and gender and roads and ʻspaceʼ. Each section focuses on one author, with chapters on Defoe, Fielding, Smollett, Sterne, Austen and Scott, while bringing their work into contingency with a number of lesser-known authors. The approach uses historical and geographical analysis to inform the study of narrative to see how a societyʼs infrastructure relates to the structure of its fiction. Reading eighteenth-century fiction through the turnpike revolution demonstrates how models of movement are central to the dynamics of the novel.

Pastiche and family strife in contemporary American women's graphic memoirs : Phoebe Gloeckner, Lynda Barry and Alison Bechdel

Michael, Olga January 2014 (has links)
This thesis examines pastiche in contemporary American women’s graphic memoirs. It investigates how the visual/verbal combination of the genre performs the contemporary women artists’ engagement with the male literary and artistic canon towards feminist reparative ends. Taking Phoebe Gloeckner, Lynda Barry and Alison Bechdel’s works as representative examples of the genre, I argue that pastiche reacts against the injuries inflicted on their autobiographical subjects by abusive parents, as well as the injuries inflicted on women artists by the marginalisation of their art. Chapter 1 examines Phoebe Gloeckner’s graphic memoirs A Child’s Life and Other Stories and The Diary of a Teenage Girl: An Account in Words and Pictures. It demonstrates how the girl protagonist is formed through the visual/verbal medium and allusions to previous texts, both of which negotiate the status of the female body – underage and adult – as a passive sexual spectacle under the authoritative male gaze. In addition, it shows that, while referencing those texts, Gloeckner’s graphic memoirs simultaneously undo and challenge their meanings towards the autobiographical subject’s reparation and the feminist reconfiguration of the female spectacle. Chapter 2 considers Lynda Barry’s One! Hundred! Demons! and What It Is in relation to canonical verbal/visual texts that engage with the subject of gender ambiguity and maternal monstrosity. It analyses how previous meanings and formal characteristics are repeated and revised in Barry’s works for the formulation of the autobiographical subject as reunited with the maternal body. It also demonstrates how Barry’s texts perform a feminist deconstruction of the boundaries between high and low art in a way that foregrounds the significance of everyday domestic artistic production. Chapter 3 investigates how Alison Bechdel’s engagement with the male homosexual literary canon in Fun Home: A Family Tragicomic allows the Oedipal reunion of the lesbian daughter with the closeted homosexual father. By showing how the canonical literary past is translated into the verbal/visual register of comics, this chapter introduces the potential of the medium for the performance of denaturalised and complex formations of gender and sexuality that repair the autobiographical subject’s injuries and underscore the cultural significance of the artistic daughter’s work. The conclusion draws my arguments together and underlines the function of pastiche as reparation and the cultural significance of American women’s graphic memoirs. It also briefly refers to two examples that demonstrate the continuity and variations of pastiche in contemporary texts, which call for academic attention and foreground the availability of comics to perform complex subject formations and a productive engagement with past traditions.

Virtue, enmity and the art of tormenting : resistance to sensibility in women's writing, 1740-1800

Davies, Joanne January 2015 (has links)
This study aims to locate, examine and account for the many, and varied, forms of resistance to sentimental culture advanced by eighteenth-century women writers. Through reference to essays, novels, poems and memoirs, the thesis traces the evolution of this opposition over a sixty-year period. It contends that the subtly subversive representations of unsentimental conduct depicted by women writers at mid-century anticipate and shape the more explicitly antisentimental rhetoric espoused by more openly radical figures in later decades. The thesis aims to unite these two elements by tracing the evolution of this critique from its earliest beginnings - embedded, opaquely, in the literature of the 1740s - to its free expression in the' transparently antisentimental writings of the 1790s and beyond. The first chapter argues that Jane Collier's 1753 work An Essay on the Art of Ingeniously Tormenting anticipates the antisentimental themes discussed in Mary Wollstonecraft's Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792). The second chapter examines six novels published by Collier's close friend and collaborator, Sarah Fielding, between 1744 and 1760. It argues that Fielding played an important role in the inception of an unsentimental tradition in eighteenth-century fiction. The third chapter addresses the considerable body of poetry written by women on the theme of indifference. It contends that indifference functioned as a further thematic site upon which the gendered prescriptions of sentimental culture could be contested. The fourth chapter examines a range of memoirs written by socially transgressive women which exploit, subvert and contest sentimental values. The final chapter discusses the development of the antisentimental novel in the 1780s and 1790s and considers the extent to which it can be read as distinct from earlier critiques of sentimental culture.

(En)gendering barriers: a comparative discussion of the woman question in mid- to late-nineteenth-century English, German and Russian literatures

Ambrose, Kathryn Louise January 2010 (has links)
This thesis seeks to develop recent research into Russian literature, which has applied semiotic theory to a feminist critique, to explore how spaces may be gendered as feminine or masculine. This thesis will adopt a similar feminist and semiotic approach, but will focus not upon gendered spaces, but barriers, the ‘imagery of enclosure’. I will argue that barriers are both ‘engendered’, and ‘gendered’, in the sense that they often relate to female characters. These barriers are sub-divided into three distinct types, which will be termed ‘textual’, ‘actual’ and ‘perceived’ barriers. This revisionist semiotic approach will be used to explore the Woman Question within a comparative framework, in a discussion of mid- to late-nineteenth-century English, German and Russian literatures.

Deserting society : fiction and travel in the shadow of the bomb, 1945-91

McCann, Mat January 2015 (has links)
This thesis looks at literary responses to the Bomb as the greatest threat to humanity, examining English-language texts written between the destruction of Hiroshima and the break-up of the Soviet Union. Specifically, it investigates the representation of nuclear paranoia and the desert as a site of Cold War experience. The Cold War security-state used discourse about the threat of the Bomb to inspire conformist paranoia among its citizens. However, excessive paranoia can lead to dissociation and non-conformity. Those in dissociative states commonly display pre-emptive tendencies, desiring to make their environment conform to their world-view. Accordingly, the Cold War citizen might wish for the Bomb to drop in order to escape their paranoia. Since the Bomb turns society into a wasteland, flight to the archetypal wasteland of the Sahara effectively precipitates nuclear-apocalypse. Free from the shadow of the Bomb, the desert can become the site of a society free of fear. By travelling from Jean Baudrillard's 'desert of the real' to the real desert, however, these citizens move from a place of paranoia to the birthplace of the Bomb. Their perception of the desert as a space outside society shows that they have not escaped society's constructs. The desert's disruption of these constructs, however, offers a perspective on their cultural formation and so a new narrative by which to live. The thesis examines texts which feature Westerners travelling to the African desert by Paul Bowles, Saul Bellow, Thomas Pynchon, Lawrence Durrell, Penelope Lively and Michael Ondaatje. It argues that the Bomb lurks in the unconsciousness of the writers and their protagonists, inducing the individual to travel. With this in mind, it investigates whether the age-old idea of flight to the desert can resolve the stand-off within the individual between the narratives imposed by society and those constructed through personal experience.

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