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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
41

Ergosterol to fungal spore concentration conversion factors : determination and application to ambient aerosols /

Cheng, Yuen Wah. January 2006 (has links)
Thesis (M.Phil.)--Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, 2006. / Includes bibliographical references. Also available in electronic version.
42

Residential wood combustion aerosol characterization as a function of size and source apportionment using chemical mass balance modeling /

Rau, John Anthony, January 1986 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Oregon Graduate Center, 1986.
43

Design and numerical simulation of the real-time particle charge and size analyser

Zhang, Lu January 2010 (has links)
The electrostatic charge and size distribution of aerosol particles play a very important role in many industrial applications. Due to the complexity and the probabilistic nature of the different charging mechanisms often acting simultaneously, it is difficult to theoretically predict the charge distribution of aerosol particles or even estimate the relative effect of the different mechanisms. Therefore, it is necessary to measure the size and also the bipolar charge distribution on aerosol particles. The main aim of this research project was to design, implement and simulate a signal processing system for novel, fully functional measurement instrument capable of simultaneously measuring in real time the bipolar charge and size distribution of medical aerosols. The Particle Size and Charge Analyser (PSCA), investigated in this thesis, uses Phase Doppler Anemometry (PDA) technique. The PDA system was used to track the motion of charged particles in the presence of an electric field. By solving the equation of particle motion in a viscous medium combined with the simultaneous measurement of its size and velocity, the magnitude as well as the polarity of the particle charge can be obtained. Different signal processing systems in different excitation fields have been designed and implemented. These systems include: velocity estimation system using spectral analysis in DC excitation field, velocity estimation system based on Phase Locked Loop (PLL) technique working in DC as well as sine-wave excitation fields, velocity estimation system based on Quadrature Demodulation (QD) technique under sine-wave excitation method, velocity estimation system using spectral analysis in square-wave excitation field and phase shift estimation based on Hilbert transformation and correlation technique in both sine-wave and square-wave excitation fields. The performances of these systems were evaluated using Monte Carlo (MC) simulations obtained from the synthesized Doppler burst signals generated from the mathematical models implemented in MATLAB. The synthesized Doppler Burst Signal (DBS) was subsequently corrupted with the added Gaussian noise. Cross validation of the results was performed using hardware signal processing system employing Arbitrary Waveform Generator and also NASA simulator to further confirm the validity of the estimation. It was concluded that the velocity estimation system based on spectral analysis in square-wave excitation field offers the best overall performance in terms of the working range, noise sensitivity and particle capture efficiency. The main reasons for the superiority of the square-wave excitation over the sine-wave excitation system are as follows: Firstly, in the square-wave field particles attain higher velocities and greater amplitudes of displacement, which increases their probability of crossing the measurement volume from various injection points. Secondly, the sine-wave excitation requires that the particle residence time in the measurement volume is at least equal to one period of the excitation, which effectively eliminates shorter and discontinuous burst. Thirdly, the signal processing based on FFT is less demanding in terms of the quality of DBS, which increases the likelihood of the detected particles to be successfully processed.
44

Deposition of aerosol particles on screens /

Marshall, Charles Gridley January 1956 (has links)
No description available.
45

Deposition of aerosol particles in fibrous packing /

Thomas, D. G. January 1953 (has links)
No description available.
46

Determination of the collection efficiencies of aerosol particles by continuously moving solid cylinders /

Chen, Sun-I, January 1975 (has links)
No description available.
47

Direct radiative forcing by aerosols over Southern Africa

Queface, Antonio Joaquim 06 August 2013 (has links)
A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy February 2013 / A thorough understanding of the optical properties of aerosols, their spatial and temporal distribution and their radiative effects in the atmosphere, is needed for the better assessment of the impacts of aerosols on regional climate systems. Monitoring of aerosol parameters and solar radiation fluxes has been conducted in southern Africa by the AERONET programme since the middle of the last decade. These valuable data, combined with model estimates products, plus the intensive field experiments such as SAFARI 2000, provided key information, contributing towards a better overall understanding of the main characteristics of tropospheric aerosols over southern Africa and how these aerosols impact the direct aerosol forcing in the region. Two long-term AERONET sites, at Mongu in Zambia and Skukuza in South Africa, formed the core sources of data in this study. Secondary sites in Saudi Arabia (Solar Village) and United Arad Emirates (Hamin and Dhadnah) were used for comparison purposes. Aerosol optical properties and the direct aerosol radiative forcing over southern Africa both change significantly from one season to another, following the strong seasonal cycle of aerosol optical thickness (AOT). Consequently, the evaluation of aerosol forcing using static values throughout the year is not suitable for describing the aerosol climate effects in this region. Results show that the seasonal variations of aerosol optical thicknesses at 500 nm over southern Africa can be defined into three periods:  December to May with relatively clean atmospheric conditions, with monthly averages AOT values at 500 nm between 0.1 to 0.2, mainly associated with air masses from which aerosols have been washed during the wet season, and minimal regional biomass burning;  followed by a transition period towards high AOT values, from June to August, with a moderately turbid atmosphere (0.2 – 0.3);  September to November, with high levels of AOT (0.3 – 0.5) –mainly associated with biomass burning. Within this region a reversal gradient of AOT can be observed along the annual timeline; the north has higher magnitudes than the south, i.e. a north–south gradient, during the biomass-burning season and the opposite applies in the non-biomass burning season, i.e. a south–north gradient. From the currently available aerosol data, no long-term discernible trends are observable in aerosol loadings over this region. Direct aerosol radiative forcing evaluations, in southern Africa, need to take into account the differences between both the non-biomass burning and the biomass burning seasons. Direct aerosol forcing magnitudes during the biomass burning period are almost double those of the non-biomass burning at BOA and TOA. The impact of biomass burning on the direct aerosol forcing is not limited to the bottom of atmosphere (BOA), but also influences the forcing at top of atmosphere (TOA). Direct aerosol radiative forcing values for all of southern Africa are estimated at -33 W m-2 for BOA and -6 W m-2 for TOA. However, seasonal values may differ considerably from these levels. Monthly averages of direct aerosol radiative forcing at BOA are frequently less than -30 W m-2 from December to May (non-biomass burning period) with a slightly south-north gradient. From July to October, a strong north-south gradient of direct aerosol radiative forcing is observed and forcing magnitudes are frequently recorded at -50 W m-2 (and, on occasion well above that level) during September, i.e. at the peak of biomass burning. June and November are regarded as transitional months when levels move towards the higher or and lower values of forcing respectively. At TOA monthly averages of direct aerosol radiative forcing from December to May are frequently less than -9 W m-2 and, during biomass burning, direct aerosol radiative forcing values almost double. From the seasonal perspective, it is also possible to depict the reversal gradient behaviour at TOA. This study has contributed to improving the understanding and knowledge about of the direct aerosol radiative effects in this region - necessary step towards addressing the indirect and semi-direct aerosol effects. This study also emphasises the need for obtaining further data for defining the aerosol optical characterisations by regions or sub regions as demonstrated by the identifiable overall differences in the aerosol optical properties between the southern Africa and Middle Eastern regions. This process will require improving the quantity and quality of aerosol measurements at regional scales.
48

Kinetic and physic models of secondary organic aerosol formation and their application to Houston conditions

Dechapanya, Wipawee. January 2002 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Texas at Austin, 2002. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references. Available also from UMI Company.
49

Effects of aerosols on the properties of deep convective clouds /

Brown, Daniel A. January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--Oregon State University, 2010. / Printout. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 118-123). Also available on the World Wide Web.
50

The ambient organic aerosol soluble in water measurements, chemical characterization, and an investigation of sources /

Sullivan, Amy Patricia. January 2006 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2007. / Rodney J. Weber, Committee Chair ; Michael H. Bergin, Committee Member ; Committee Member ; Martial Taillefert, Committee Member ; Paul H. Wine, Committee Member.

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