Spelling suggestions: "subject:"anesthesia  amathematical models."" "subject:"anesthesia  dmathematical models.""
1 
Modeling and identification of nonlinear oscillations.Head, Kenneth Larry. January 1989 (has links)
The topic of this dissertation, modeling and identification of nonlinear oscillation, represents an area of mathematical systems theory that has received little attention in the past. Primarily, the types of oscillation of interest are those found in biological systems where theoretical foundations for mathematical models are insufficient. These oscillations are also observed in other systems including electrical, mechanical, and chemical. The contributions of this dissertation are a generalized class of autonomous differential equations that are found to exhibit stable limit cycles, and an investigation of a method of system identification that can be used to estimate the model parameters. Here the observed signal is modeled as the response of a nonlinear system that can be described by differential equations. Modeling the signal in this way shifts the emphasis from signal characteristics, such as spectral content, to system characteristics, such as parameter values and system structure. This shift in emphasis may provide a better method for monitoring complex systems that exhibit periodic behavior such as patients under anesthesia. A class of autonomous differential equations, called the generalized oscillator models, are presented as one nᵗʰorder differential equations with nonlinear coefficients. The coefficients are chosen to change sign depending on the magnitude of the phase variables. The coefficients are negative near the origin and positive away from the origin. Motivated by the generalized RouthHurwitz criterion, this coefficient sign changing produces the desired oscillation. Properties of the generalized oscillator model are investigated using the describing function method of analysis and numerical simulation. Several descriptive examples are presented. Based on the generalized oscillator model as a set of candidate models, the system identification problem is formed as a mathematical programming problem. The method of quasilinearization is investigated as method of solving the identification problem. Two examples are presented that demonstrate the method. It is shown that in general, the method of quasilinearization as a solution to the system identification problem will not converge regardless of the initial starting point. This result indicates that although the quasilinearization method is useful for solving twopoint boundary value problems, it is not useful (in its present form) for solving the system identification problem.

Page generated in 0.124 seconds