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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

The response of animals to herbicide-induced habitat changes /

Borrecco, John Edward. January 1972 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--Oregon State University, 1973. / Typescript (photocopy). Includes bibliographical references. Also available on the World Wide Web.

Effect of habitat manipulation on the activity of an animal community.

Doucet, G. Jean. January 1975 (has links)
No description available.

Applying ecological learning theory to the conservation of behaviour in species housed in a zoo environment : an empirical examination / Vanessa Mills.

Mills, Vanessa, 1966- January 1998 (has links)
Bibliography: leaves 324-338. / xviii, 338 leaves : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 30 cm. / Title page, contents and abstract only. The complete thesis in print form is available from the University Library. / Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Adelaide, Dept. of Psychology, 1998

Applying ecological learning theory to the conservation of behaviour in species housed in a zoo environment : an empirical examination /

Mills, Vanessa, January 1998 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Adelaide, Dept. of Psychology, 1998. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 324-338).

Applying ecological learning theory to the conservation of behaviour in species housed in a zoo environment : an empirical examination /

Mills, Vanessa. January 1998 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (doctoral)--University of Adelaide, 1998.

An experimental study of the relative values of reward and punishment in habit formation

Dodson, John Dillingham. January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Minnesota, 1918. / Cover title. "Reprinted from Psychobiology, vol. I, no. 3, November 1917." Bibliography: p. 276.

Psychology of a superorganism

January 2013 (has links)
abstract: For over a century, researchers have been investigating collective cognition, in which a group of individuals together process information and act as a single cognitive unit. However, I still know little about circumstances under which groups achieve better (or worse) decisions than individuals. My dissertation research directly addressed this longstanding question, using the house-hunting ant Temnothorax rugatulus as a model system. Here I applied concepts and methods developed in psychology not only to individuals but also to colonies in order to investigate differences of their cognitive abilities. This approach is inspired by the superorganism concept, which sees a tightly integrated insect society as the analog of a single organism. I combined experimental manipulations and models to elucidate the emergent processes of collective cognition. My studies show that groups can achieve superior cognition by sharing the burden of option assessment among members and by integrating information from members using positive feedback. However, the same positive feedback can lock the group into a suboptimal choice in certain circumstances. Although ants are obligately social, my results show that they can be isolated and individually tested on cognitive tasks. In the future, this novel approach will help the field of animal behavior move towards better understanding of collective cognition. / Dissertation/Thesis / Ph.D. Biology 2013

An Exploration of the Time Course of Attention Sets for Object Features

Unknown Date (has links)
We sometimes fail to notice objects and events in our environment because our attention is directed elsewhere—a phenomenon called inattentional blindness. Our attentional set—the features we prioritize in our environment—plays a large role in determining what we notice. For example, adopting an attentional set for green makes green objects more likely to capture attention. Although a large body of research has explored the types of attentional sets we may adopt, few have explored the time course of attentional sets. And, out of these, none have explored how experience with a no-longer useful attentional set can impact the activation of new attentional sets. In two experiments, I show that a minimal amount of experience with an attentional set can cause that set to remain active past the point when it is no longer useful: Noticing of an unexpected object was higher when its color matched the color of previous targets, but new distractors, than when its color matched the color of objects that were always distractors. Furthermore, noticing was equivalent between times when the unexpected object's color matched the color of objects that were previous distractors, but new targets, and times when its color matched the color of objects that were always targets. Overall, this finding suggests that past experience with an attentional set can impact the time it takes to adopt a new attentional set. / A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the Doctor of Philosophy. / Spring Semester 2016. / March 14, 2016. / Attention Capture, Attention Set, Inattentional Blindness, Long Term Memory, Visual Attention, Working Memory / Includes bibliographical references. / Neil Charness, Professor Directing Dissertation; Leonard LaPointe, University Representative; Walter Boot, Committee Member; Sara Hart, Committee Member; Jonathan Folstein, Committee Member.

Effect of habitat manipulation on the activity of an animal community.

Doucet, G. Jean. January 1975 (has links)
No description available.

Molecular Causes and Consequences of Sperm Competition in Agelaius Blackbirds

Liu, Irene Ai-Yin January 2014 (has links)
<p>Sexual selection has long been framed as a process that ends when copulation is achieved. However, in species with polyandry (multiple mating by females), competition persists after mating inside the female's reproductive tract, where sperm from multiple males must then compete to fertilize a female's eggs. This post-mating process, known as sperm competition, is thought to be just as strong as the competition to secure a mate. Because sperm competition has only recently been observed, its evolutionary role remains largely unknown. In this dissertation, I use field, laboratory and computational approaches to understand the evolution of sperm competition in two ways: (1) by testing a possible source of variation in sperm competition within species, and (2) by examining how variation in sperm competition results in DNA evolution across species. My study system is the Agelaius clade of New World blackbirds, a group of songbirds with predicted variation in the intensity of sperm competition. In the first half of the dissertation, I explore the factors that affect how intensely sperm competition is experienced in a population. In Chapter 1, I assess the relationship between genetic diversity and extra-pair paternity (EPP, a proxy for sperm competition) in seven continental and one island population of red-winged blackbird (A. phoeniceus). I find that while genetic diversity varies significantly across populations, the population with the lowest amount of genetic diversity exhibits similar rates of EPP as the more diverse populations, providing no support for a relationship between genetic diversity and EPP rate. This result suggests that genetic diversity by itself is not an determining factor in EPP variation. In Chapter 2, I characterize the mating system of the endangered yellow-shouldered blackbird (A. xanthomus) and provide the first evidence that it, too, engages in EPP despite having low genetic diversity. I additionally present a conservation genetics profile of the species, showing that the yellow-shouldered blackbird's low effective population size and genetic diversity, both likely due to a recent bottleneck, may be increasing its vulnerability to extinction. I suggest ways in which future management decisions might account for the genetics of a small population. In the second half of the dissertation, I examine whether sperm competition itself can drive the molecular evolution of a species. I focus on the evolutionary patterns of seminal fluid proteins (Sfps), which are transferred with sperm during copulation and are known targets of sperm competition. I describe in Chapter 3 the transcriptomic and proteomic techniques I use to identify protein-coding genes in a non-model organism, presenting the first list of seminal fluid proteins in a songbird. I contrast the protein profile of the blackbird with the protein profile of insect and mammalian Sfps. Finally, in Chapter 4, I use eight of the proteins identified from the list to look for patterns of positive selection on these proteins. Specifically, I test whether Sfps evolve faster in species with mating systems featuring high levels of sperm competition than in species with mating systems featuring low levels of sperm competition. I first compare EPP rates measured from the previous two species with a third species, the tricolored blackbird (A. tricolor), and find that all three experience similar levels of sperm competition. From the catalog of genes derived in Chapter 3, I select, sequence and search for evidence of rapid evolution in six candidate Sfps and two control genes. I find that not only is there no evidence for positive selection in any of these genes, there is strong evidence for purifying selection and furthermore very low levels of diversity within and divergence across species. Reasons for these unexpected preliminary findings could be both microevolutionary or macroevolutionary in nature and warrant larger-scale studies, especially across a broader sample of taxa and across species with greater variation in sperm competition. Taken together, this dissertation describes the relationship between mating systems, sperm competition and post-mating adaptations. By examining the effect of mating system on protein divergence, it links sexual selection with molecular evolution while generating behavioral, genetic, transcriptomic and proteomic resources for future comparative studies.</p> / Dissertation

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