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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Genetic and environmental influences on the phenotypic expression of apolipoprotein(a) and their implications for atherogenesis /

Pang, Wing-cheung, Richard. January 1997 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hong Kong, 1997. / Includes bibliographical references (leaf 155-192).

Molecular changes in regenerated and senescent cultured endothelial cells

Lee, Yuk-kwan, Mary. January 2006 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hong Kong, 2007. / Title proper from title frame. Also available in printed format.

Ultrasound and atherosclerosis evaluation of methods, risk factors and intervention /

Persson, Jerker. January 1997 (has links)
Thesis (doctoral)--Lund University, 1997. / Thesis statement on t.p. verso. Includes bibliographical references.

Ultrasound and atherosclerosis evaluation of methods, risk factors and intervention /

Persson, Jerker. January 1997 (has links)
Thesis (doctoral)--Lund University, 1997. / Thesis statement on t.p. verso. Includes bibliographical references.


Sharp, Danae Maree January 2009 (has links)
Master of Science in Medicine / Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Men have a higher incidence and an earlier onset of CVD than age-matched women. It has been shown that young women have lower CVD incidence than young men and the increase in CVD rates in older (post-menopausal) women when estrogen levels decline suggests that estrogens are cardioprotective. This theory has been extensively investigated demonstrating a favourable reduction in LDL, reducing expression of cell adhesion molecules and promoting vasodilatation by inducing nitric oxide (NO) production in endothelial cells. However, not many studies have explored the alternate theory that male sex hormones, androgens (T & DHT), may promote CVD. Investigators examining male androgens in vivo have shown inconsistent results, with both adverse and protective effects on atherosclerosis formation. This study aimed to elucidate the role of androgens and their effects on the formation and progression of atherosclerotic plaque in males and females. Chapter 3 describes the establishment of the en face Oil Red O for quantitating atherosclerotic plaque. The Oil Red O technique was employed to compare the reliability and the consistency of the plaque area to the already established H&E staining method. This chapter focuses on the en face Oil Red O staining technique to see if the new method could give a faster, more efficient and reliable alternative to the very labour intensive H&E staining. From this study the en face Oil Red O staining technique was a more time and labour efficient method that is a reliable method to the already establish H&E staining when investigating atherosclerotic plaque levels. Chapter 4 examines the effect of exogenously administered male sex hormones, testosterone (T) and dihydrotestosterone (DHT), on atherosclerosis in male and female ApoE-/- mice. The aim of this experiment was to examine if the androgens had a dose- and or gender- specific effect on the plaque formation in the animals. The experimental design involved the use of three different doses of high (1cm implant), medium (0.5 cm implant) and low (0.25 cm implant) T or DHT and the mice were treated for a period of 16-weeks. The results showed that T had gender- and dose- specific effects. Briefly, there was no effect of T treatment on plaque formation in females. However, in males, the high dose of T decreased plaque but at the low dose T had the opposite effect by increasing plaque levels. The DHT results differed to the T results indicating different pathways of action. DHT treatment in the females demonstrated atheroprotective effects at the high and medium dose. The males had no effect at the high dose of DHT but the low dose was atherogenic. Chapter 5 aimed to explore the effect of DHT treatment in cells involved in early atherogenic processes using male and female HUVEC and MDM and to ascertain if AR cofactors are hormonal regulated. The results showed that there was no hormonal regulation in the MDM by DHT. Alternatively, in HUVEC there was a significant up-regulation of ARA24, ARA54, ARA160 and SRC-1 mRNA levels with DHT treatment and a down-regulation of p300 and NCoR1 mRNA levels. In particular, this chapter also investigated protein expression of the cofactor SRC-1 in HUVEC, which was increased in males with DHT treatment. SRC-1 protein levels were also examined with in vivo studies. Different doses of T and DHT were administered to male and female ApoE-/- mice. The 0.5 cm and 1 cm dose of T in the male showed an increase in the SRC-1 protein level and DHT, at the 0.25 cm and 0.5 cm implant increased SRC-1 protein levels. SRC-1 levels in female animals did not change with any dose of DHT, whereas the 0.25 cm T showed an increase in SRC-1 and 0.5 cm T implant decreased SRC-1 protein levels. This study demonstrates that AR cofactors can be hormonally regulated by androgens at the mRNA and protein level. Overall, male sex hormones have an effect on atherosclerosis formation. Androgens have important gender- and dose- specific effects on plaque formation, and can hormonally regulate AR cofactors at the mRNA and protein level. The results of this thesis have produced more questions than it has answered. This study requires further investigation into the benefits and consequences of using androgens, examining the underlying molecular pathways that may be involved with the AR cofactors and the use of exogenous androgen treatment for both men and women.

An investigation of treatment with hydroxy-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors and antioxidants in Type II hyperlipidaemia

McDowell, Ian Frederick William January 1993 (has links)
No description available.

The study of the replication of cytomegalovirus in vascular smooth muscle cells and in an organ culture of saphenous vein : potential role in atherogenesis

Olufeso, Femi January 2001 (has links)
No description available.

The role of subfractions of high density lipoprotein in reverse cholesterol transport : the rabbit as an experimental model

Fragoso, Yara Dadalti January 1994 (has links)
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a major cause of death and incapacitation. CHD may arise after decades of degenerative disease in the arteries, where cholesterol is deposited. The only alternative for the removal of cholesterol from the arteries, and therefore prevention of long-term lesions, is "reverse cholesterol transport" (RCT), a mechanism mediated by high density lipoprotein (HDL). The present thesis was concerned with the role of specific subfractions of HDL which are relevant to RCT. In this study, the rabbit was proven to be a very good model, with similar lipid and HDL profile to humans. With the aid of acute cholesterol loading into endothelial cells of the rabbits, and the study of alterations of the profile of subfractions of HDL, it may be concluded that there are two pathways for RCT in the rabbit: one involving only the very small and the very large HDL particles, which appears to be the acute response to cholesterol-loading; and another pathway, involving HDL particles of intermediate size as well, which appears to be a continuous response to cholesterol-loading. Different subfractions of HDL were also shown to contain different levels of tocopherols and carotenes, which are considered to have a protective role against CHD. Binding of specific subfractions of HDL to the liver, which would be an important step in RCT, has not shown the presence of a specific receptor for HDL subfractions. The measurement of plasma levels of specific subfractions of HDL, which are of particular relevance to RCT, both in clinical trials and epidemiological studies may be an important tool to disclose individuals at risk of CHD.

Effect of plasma endothelin-1 level on carotid intimal-medial thickness

Lau, Sau-fan., 劉秀芬. January 2003 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Medical Sciences / Master / Master of Medical Sciences

Postprandial lipid metabolism in healthy men and in patients with type II diabetes mellitus

Humayun, Mohammad Arshad January 2000 (has links)
No description available.

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