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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
41

Avaliação do selante de fibrina como arcabouço para células tronco em fígados cirróticos /

Silvestre, Priscila Modesto. January 2015 (has links)
Orientador: Benedito Barravieira / Coorientador: Lucilene Delazani dos Santos / Banca: Carlos Antônio Caramori / Banca: Alexandre Leite Rodrigues de Oliveira / Resumo: INTRODUÇÃO: A cirrose é o estágio final da doença hepática. Causada principalmente pelas hepatites virais e ingestão de álcool, o único tratamento específico atual é o transplante O projeto Global Burden of Disease (GBD) publicou recentemente na BMC Medicine uma nova avaliação da mortalidade pela cirrose. Vários métodos e fontes de dados levaram a estimativa global de pouco mais de um milhão de mortes em 2010, cerca de 2% de todas as mortes. Nos últimos anos, as pesquisas biotecnológicas favoreceram a descoberta da terapia alternativa para cirrose usando células tronco. Estas geraram grande expectativa na regeneração tecidual e sua aplicação no tratamento. Um dos grandes desafios enfrentados foi sua reduzida fixação das células no fígado, com dispersão para todo organismo e sem a efetividade esperada. As metodologias ainda não encontraram uma maneira eficaz de impedir que estas células difundam para os outros órgãos diminuindo sua eficácia pretendida. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o selante de fibrina derivado da peçonha de serpente (SFDPS) como arcabouço para células tronco mesenquimais (CTMs) em fígados cirróticos. MÉTODOS: O modelo de cirrose experimental em ratos foi induzido pela tioacetamida (C2H5NS), aplicada duas vezes por semana por via intraperitoneal (i.v.) na dose de 200mg/kg. A coleta de sangue foi realizada uma vez por mês para as analises bioquímicas. O isolamento das células tronco foi realizado de acordo com Gasparotto et al., 2014. A marcação para citometria foi realizada em segunda passagem com os marcadores RT1 AW2 FITC, CLASS RT1 PE, CD11b, CD44, CD90, CD34, CD105, CD73, CD45, ICAM. A biomarcação da serinoprotease, um dos componentes do selante, foi realizada com o kit Alexa Fluor 488 Protein Labeling Kit (A30006v). A cirurgia foi realizada sob anestesia inalatória com isoflurano; os animais foram selecionados aleatoriamente em três grupos os quais receberam o tratamento especificado. Na... / Abstract: Introduction: Cirrhosis is the final stage of liver disease mainly caused by viral hepatitis, alcohol intake, and currently it can only be reversed by liver transplantation. In a new assessment of mortality of liver cirrhosis by design Global Burden of Disease (GBD) in the BMC Medicine, a variety of methods and data sources has led to an overall estimate of just over a million deaths in 2010, which was about 2% of all deaths. In recent years, research has intensified on biotech issues, favoring therapeutic discovery of stem cells to cirrhosis, which have generated great expectations in tissue regeneration of the liver and its application. However, a major problem faced was its low setting in cirrhotic liver, with spread to the whole body and without the expected effectiveness. The investigations have not yet found a way to effectively prevent stem cells spread to other organs reducing their effectiveness regeneration. AIM: Evaluate the fibrin glue derived from snake venom (SFDPS) as a scaffold for stem cells in cirrhotic livers. Methods: The model of experimental cirrhosis in rats was induced by Thioacetamide (C2H5NS), twice per week intraperitoneally (iv) at 200 mg / kg. The of blood collection was performed for biochemical analysis in B200 equipment. Isolation of stem cells was performed according Gasparotto et al. 2014. The markup for cytometry was performed on the second pass with markers RT1 AW2 FITC, CLASS RT1 PE, CD11b, CD44, CD90, CD34, CD105, CD73, CD45, ICAM. The biomarker of serine protease was performed with Alexa Fluor 488 Protein Labeling Kit (A30006v) kit. The surgery has been realized with inhalational anesthesia, the animals were separated into three groups where they received the treatment selected. Histology of 5μm sections were hematoxylin and eosin for staining (HE) and Picrosirius. Immunostaining was performed according to kit Click-it ® Imaging kits EdU. RESULTS: The development of cirrhosis was macroscopically ... / Mestre
42

Trends in Mortality from Primary Liver Cancer, Cirrhosis of the Liver, Virus Hepatitis, and Other Liver Diseases 1968-1984 in Japan

AOKI, KUNIO, SASAKI, RYUICHIRO, HUANG, ZHU-MIN 03 1900 (has links)
No description available.
43

Recruitment and function of pulmonary intravascular macrophages in rats

Gill, Sukhjit Singh 12 September 2005
<p>with biliary cirrhosis are highly susceptible to acute pulmonary dysfunction and suffer from hepato-pulmonary syndrome. The mechanisms of this enhanced susceptibility remain unknown. It is well established that pulmonary intravascular macrophages (PIMs) are present in cattle, horses, goat and sheep and increase susceptibility for lung inflammation. Species such as rat and mouse also recruit PIMs especially in a bile duct ligation model of biliary cirrhosis. The contributions of recruited PIMs to lung inflammation associated with liver dysfunction remain unknown. Therefore, I characterized a bile duct ligation (BDL) model in rats to study role of recruited PIMs in lung inflammation. First, Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to BDL (N=6) or sham surgeries (N=3) and were euthanized at 4 weeks post-surgery. Five rats were used as the controls. Lung tissues were collected and processed for histology, immunohistology, immuno-electron microscopy, enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Light microscopy demonstrated normal lung morphology in sham-operated and control rats but showed septal recruitment of mononuclear cells, which were positive for anti-rat monocytes/macrophage antibody ED-1, in BDL rats (p=0.002). Immuno-electron microscopy confirmed localization of ED-1 in PIMs. BDL rats showed increased lung expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) protein and mRNA compared to the controls (p=0.017) but not of IL-1â, TNF-á, TGF-â and IL-10. Then, I treated BDL rats (N=5) with gadolinium chloride (GC; 10 mg/Kg body weight intravenous) and found reduced numbers of PIMs (p=0.061) at 48 hours post-treatment along with increased expression of TGF-â and IL-10.</p><p>I challenged control rats (N=5) and BDL rats (N=6) with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (E. coli LPS; 0.1 mg/Kg body weight intravenous). All the BDL rats died within 3 hours of LPS challenge (100% mortality) while the normal LPS-treated rats were euthanized at 6 hours post-treatment. Histology and ED-1 staining showed dramatic increase in the number of septal monocytes/macrophages in BDL+LPS rats compared to normal LPS-treated rats (p=0.000). Staining of lung sections with an LPS antibody localized the LPS in lungs. RT-PCR analyses showed no differences in IL-1â transcript levels between LPS challenged BDL rats and LPS challenged control rats (p=0.746) but ELISA showed increase in IL-1â concentration in LPS challenged BDL rats compared to LPS challenged control rats (p=0.000). TNF-á mRNA (p=0.062) and protein (p=0.000) was increased in BDL+LPS rats compared to the control+LPS rats. Immuno-electron microscopy showed IL-1â and TNF-á in PIMs. BDL rats challenged with LPS showed increased expression of IL-10 mRNA and protein (p=0.000 & 0.002 respectively) in lungs compared to LPS challenged control rats. TGF-â mRNA did not change (p=0.128) but lower protein concentrations (p=0.000) were observed in LPS-treated control rats compared to BDL+LPS. </p><p> To further address the role of PIMs, I treated rats with GC at 6 hours or 48 hours (N=5 each) before LPS challenge. The mortality in the 6 hour group was 20% while all the rats in 48 hour group survived till 6 hours. Histology and ED-1 staining showed decrease in the number of intravascular cells in these groups compared to LPS treated BDL rats (p=0.039 for 6 hour group; p= 0.002 for 48 hour group). There were no differences in IL-1â mRNA in both 6 hour and 48 hour groups compared to the LPS challenged BDL rats (p=0.712 & 0.509 respectively). ELISA showed no decrease in IL-1â concentration in 6 hour GC-treated group but a decrease was noticed at 48 hours compared to LPS challenged BDL rats (p=0.455 & 0.008 respectively). TNF-á mRNA levels were not different between LPS-challenged GC-treated BDL rats and LPS-challenged BDL rats (p=0.499 & 0.297 for 6 hour & 48 hour GC groups respectively). But TNF-á concentration in 48 hour GC group (p=0.001) but not in 6 hour GC group (p=0.572) was lower in comparison to BDL+LPS group. IL-10 mRNA was decreased in both 6 hour and 48 hour GC groups (p=0.038 & 0.000 respectively) compared to LPS challenged BDL rats. ELISA showed decrease in IL-10 concentration in 48 hour GC group (p=0.030) but not in 6 hour GC group (p=0.420). TGF-â mRNA expression was decreased in 48 hour GC group (p=0.000) but not in 6 hour GC group (p=0.182). But GC treatment did not affect TGF-â concentrations. </p><p>The data from these experiments characterize a BDL model to study PIM biology, show PIMs pro-inflammatory potential and their possible role as a therapeutic target in lung inflammation.</p>
44

Recruitment and function of pulmonary intravascular macrophages in rats

Gill, Sukhjit Singh 12 September 2005 (has links)
<p>with biliary cirrhosis are highly susceptible to acute pulmonary dysfunction and suffer from hepato-pulmonary syndrome. The mechanisms of this enhanced susceptibility remain unknown. It is well established that pulmonary intravascular macrophages (PIMs) are present in cattle, horses, goat and sheep and increase susceptibility for lung inflammation. Species such as rat and mouse also recruit PIMs especially in a bile duct ligation model of biliary cirrhosis. The contributions of recruited PIMs to lung inflammation associated with liver dysfunction remain unknown. Therefore, I characterized a bile duct ligation (BDL) model in rats to study role of recruited PIMs in lung inflammation. First, Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to BDL (N=6) or sham surgeries (N=3) and were euthanized at 4 weeks post-surgery. Five rats were used as the controls. Lung tissues were collected and processed for histology, immunohistology, immuno-electron microscopy, enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Light microscopy demonstrated normal lung morphology in sham-operated and control rats but showed septal recruitment of mononuclear cells, which were positive for anti-rat monocytes/macrophage antibody ED-1, in BDL rats (p=0.002). Immuno-electron microscopy confirmed localization of ED-1 in PIMs. BDL rats showed increased lung expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) protein and mRNA compared to the controls (p=0.017) but not of IL-1â, TNF-á, TGF-â and IL-10. Then, I treated BDL rats (N=5) with gadolinium chloride (GC; 10 mg/Kg body weight intravenous) and found reduced numbers of PIMs (p=0.061) at 48 hours post-treatment along with increased expression of TGF-â and IL-10.</p><p>I challenged control rats (N=5) and BDL rats (N=6) with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (E. coli LPS; 0.1 mg/Kg body weight intravenous). All the BDL rats died within 3 hours of LPS challenge (100% mortality) while the normal LPS-treated rats were euthanized at 6 hours post-treatment. Histology and ED-1 staining showed dramatic increase in the number of septal monocytes/macrophages in BDL+LPS rats compared to normal LPS-treated rats (p=0.000). Staining of lung sections with an LPS antibody localized the LPS in lungs. RT-PCR analyses showed no differences in IL-1â transcript levels between LPS challenged BDL rats and LPS challenged control rats (p=0.746) but ELISA showed increase in IL-1â concentration in LPS challenged BDL rats compared to LPS challenged control rats (p=0.000). TNF-á mRNA (p=0.062) and protein (p=0.000) was increased in BDL+LPS rats compared to the control+LPS rats. Immuno-electron microscopy showed IL-1â and TNF-á in PIMs. BDL rats challenged with LPS showed increased expression of IL-10 mRNA and protein (p=0.000 & 0.002 respectively) in lungs compared to LPS challenged control rats. TGF-â mRNA did not change (p=0.128) but lower protein concentrations (p=0.000) were observed in LPS-treated control rats compared to BDL+LPS. </p><p> To further address the role of PIMs, I treated rats with GC at 6 hours or 48 hours (N=5 each) before LPS challenge. The mortality in the 6 hour group was 20% while all the rats in 48 hour group survived till 6 hours. Histology and ED-1 staining showed decrease in the number of intravascular cells in these groups compared to LPS treated BDL rats (p=0.039 for 6 hour group; p= 0.002 for 48 hour group). There were no differences in IL-1â mRNA in both 6 hour and 48 hour groups compared to the LPS challenged BDL rats (p=0.712 & 0.509 respectively). ELISA showed no decrease in IL-1â concentration in 6 hour GC-treated group but a decrease was noticed at 48 hours compared to LPS challenged BDL rats (p=0.455 & 0.008 respectively). TNF-á mRNA levels were not different between LPS-challenged GC-treated BDL rats and LPS-challenged BDL rats (p=0.499 & 0.297 for 6 hour & 48 hour GC groups respectively). But TNF-á concentration in 48 hour GC group (p=0.001) but not in 6 hour GC group (p=0.572) was lower in comparison to BDL+LPS group. IL-10 mRNA was decreased in both 6 hour and 48 hour GC groups (p=0.038 & 0.000 respectively) compared to LPS challenged BDL rats. ELISA showed decrease in IL-10 concentration in 48 hour GC group (p=0.030) but not in 6 hour GC group (p=0.420). TGF-â mRNA expression was decreased in 48 hour GC group (p=0.000) but not in 6 hour GC group (p=0.182). But GC treatment did not affect TGF-â concentrations. </p><p>The data from these experiments characterize a BDL model to study PIM biology, show PIMs pro-inflammatory potential and their possible role as a therapeutic target in lung inflammation.</p>
45

EXPRESSION OF THE EXTRACELLULAR NUCLEOTIDE DIPHOSPHOHYDROLASE, NTPDASE2, IS DOWN-REGULATED IN PRIMARY CHOLANGIOPATHIES

Toure, Joahd 01 July 2003 (has links)
Portal fibroblasts are newly discovered liver cells that may be of particular importance in biliary fibrosis. Recent data indicate that portal fibroblasts express NTPDase2, an ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase. Portal fibroblasts exist within the peri-portal regions of rat livers and express NTPDase2 adjacent to the basolateral side of intrahepatic bile ducts. Because extracellular nucleotides regulate secretion via activation of P2Y purinergic receptors, extracellular nucleotide hydrolysis via NTPDase2 makes NTPDase2 a potential regulator of bile ductular secretion. We propose that NTPDase2 expression may be altered in biliary fibrosis, especially in conditions in which bile duct epithelia are the target of disease. To test this hypothesis we have contrasted the distribution of NTPDase2 in normal and diseased liver states. Using confocal immunofluorescence, we assessed differences in expression of NTPDase2 in liver biopsy specimens from normal liver, primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), and hepatitis C (HepC). We found that NTPDase2 was down regulated in the peri-portal regions of patients with PBC when compared to normal patients. Hepatitis C, however, showed NTPDase2 staining equal to or nearly equal to that of normal liver. The intermediate filament vimentin was down regulated in both PBC and Hep C when compared to normal liver. We conclude that NTPDase2 expression is down regulated in PBC but not Hep C, while vimentin is down regulated in both disease states when compared to normal liver.
46

The application of DNA hybridisation methods to a determination of the association of hepatitis B virus with cirrhosis and hepatoma.

Nair, Shamila. January 1987 (has links)
Autopsy liver material from patients having died of chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and causes unrelated to liver diseases was examined by dot blot hybridisation for the presence of HBV DNA. The results indicate that of the patients with chronic liver disease 6/9 were positive for HBV DNA in the liver tissue; of the patients with HCC 3/4 were positive for HBV DNA; of the patients with cirrhosis 4/4 showed the presence of HBV DNA in the liver. Thus by this technique 13/17 (76%) of these patients, all of whom were HBsAg positive, were shown to have HBV DNA present in liver tissue. However, autopsy liver samples were found to be unsuitable for Southern blot hybridisation. Biopsy liver/tumour tissue was examined for the presence of integrated or non-integrated HBV DNA by Southern blot analysis using the enzymes Eco R1 and Hind 111. 5/5 patients who were both HBsAg and HBeAg positive had extrachromosomal HBV DNA and 2/5 also showed the presence of integrated HBV DNA. 3/4 patients who were HBsAg positive and HBeAg negative had extrachromosomal HBV DNA and all three also had integrated HBV DNA. One control patient was negative for both markers and also for Southern blot hybridisation with the HBV DNA probe. These results support the hypothesis that HBV is a factor in the development of HCC, and indicate that the dot blot hybridisation method would be suitable for routine evaluation of patients with chronic liver disease or cirrhosis. / Thesis (M. Med.)-University of Natal, Durban, 1987.
47

Proteomics in viral disease

Gangadharan, Bevin January 2006 (has links)
The separation, identification, and characterisation of the proteins present in a tissue or biological sample is called ‘proteomics’. This technique can be used for example to identify biomarkers and investigate signalling pathways. Increasingly, proteomics is being applied to the analysis of virus related samples; here two such examples are described. Presently there is no reliable non-invasive way of assessing liver fibrosis. Here a novel 2D-PAGE based proteomics study was used to identify potential fibrosis biomarkers. Serum from patients with varying degrees of hepatic scarring induced by infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) was analysed. Several proteins associated with liver scarring and/or viral infection were identified. The most prominent changes were observed when comparing serum samples from cirrhotic patients with healthy controls: Expression of inter-α-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H4 fragments, α1 antichymotrypsin, apolipoprotein L1 (Apo L1), prealbumin and albumin was decreased in cirrhotic serum, whereas CD5 antigen like protein (CD5L) and β2 glycoprotein I (β2GPI) increased. In general, α2 macroglobulin (a2M) and immunoglobulin components increased with hepatic fibrosis whereas haptoglobin and complement components (C3, C4 and factor H-related protein 1) decreased. Novel proteins associated with HCV-induced fibrosis include the inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H4 fragments, complement factor H-related protein 1, CD5L, Apo L1, β2GPI and the increase in thiolester cleaved products of a2M. The relationship between these changes is discussed. One of the accessory genes of the HIV viral genome encodes for the Nef protein. Nef is present in lipid rafts and increases viral replication within infected host cells by binding to a guanine nucleotide exchange factor, Vav. This leads to activation of a GTPase, Cdc42, however, the signalling pathway is poorly understood. 2D-PAGE based proteomics was used to identify differentially expressed raft-associated proteins by comparing T cells in the presence and absence of Nef. A ubiquitin conjugating enzyme UbcH7, which acts in conjugation with c-Cbl, was absent from the rafts of Nef-transfected cells. Vav ubiquitination was also absent from these rafts. In collaboration with Dr. Alison Simmons and Prof. Andrew McMichael the absence of UbcH7 in rafts was found to be caused by β-Pix forming a ternary complex with c-Cbl and activated Cdc42. Vav ubiquitination was restored and viral replication was diminished when β-Pix was knocked down providing a new candidate target for inhibiting HIV replication. This thesis demonstrates the use of proteomics in providing novel information for virus related samples. This influential technology benefits in both biomarker discovery to aid clinicians with early diagnosis of diseased individuals and in the elucidation of novel signalling pathways in infected cells to provide new candidate targets.
48

IgA nephropathy and liver disease / by Jane Lomax-Smith

Lomax-Smith, Jane January 1984 (has links)
Bibliography: leaves 331-381 / xxiv, 381 leaves : ill ; 31 cm. / Title page, contents and abstract only. The complete thesis in print form is available from the University Library. / Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Adelaide, 1986
49

The role of Lhx2 in the hematopoietic stem cell function, liver development and disease /

Wandzioch, Ewa, January 2004 (has links)
Diss. (sammanfattning) Umeå : Univ., 2004. / Härtill 4 uppsatser.
50

Studies on alcoholic liver disease /

Stokkeland, Knut, January 2006 (has links)
Diss. (sammanfattning) Stockholm : Karolinska institutet, 2006. / Härtill 4 uppsatser.

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