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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Expression of extracellular matrix genes during skeletogenesis : the role of type II collagen /

Ng, Ling-jim. January 1997 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hong Kong, 1998. / Includes bibliographical references (leaf 225-261).

Functional analyses of type IIA procollagen in embryo development /

Leung, Wai-lun, Alan. January 2006 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hong Kong, 2006.

The role of Protein Kinase Cα in the skin and cutaneous wound healing

Cooper, Nichola January 2014 (has links)
Chronic wounds represent a severe socio-economic burden and a key area of unmet clinical need. PKCα is ubiquitous in the skin, particularly the epidermis and functions in numerous pathways that are fundamental to wound repair. By utilising a global PKCα-/- mouse we have identified PKCα-regulated processes both in unwounded skin and during wound healing. PKCα-/- mice display considerably delayed wound healing with a dramatic reduction in re-epithelialisation. By analysing the ultrastructure of the epidermis, I have shown that this delay directly correlates with a failure of wound edge desmosomes to switch to a their adhesive properties. A major risk factor for the development of chronic wounds is age. Crucially, this delay in modulating cell adhesion is conserved in human chronic wounds and aged murine skin. Furthermore, manipulation of PKCα using an inducible bitransgenic mouse containing epidermal specific constitutively active PKCα can accelerate the modulation of desmosome adhesion and subsequently improve re-epithelialisation. Global gene expression analysis of PKCα-/- skin and wounds revealed further defects. Upon wounding, we observed a failure to correctly regulate expression of key collagen and Wnt signalling genes that are essential for correct and timely wound healing. Finally, intrinsic gene expression changes were identified in the skin of PKCα-/- mice, specifically a downregulation of multiple extracellular matrix genes. Of note was the downregulation of small leucine-rich proteoglycans which led to alterations to dermal collagen structure and skin tensile strength. These changes render the PKCα-/- skin susceptible to breaking and wound development. To conclude, we have identified multiple roles for PKCα intrinsically in the skin and also during cutaneous wound healing. Importantly, these intrinsic changes appear to predispose PKCα-/- skin to the development of cutaneous wounds and altered wound-specific processes that manifest in a delayed healing phenotype.

A solid-state NMR approach for probing collagen atomic structure in the extracellular matrix

Chow, Wing Ying January 2014 (has links)
No description available.

Stabilizing a FRET DNA Origami Sensor to Measure the Mechanical Properties of the Tumor Extracellular Matrix

Kolotka, Kelly L. January 2019 (has links)
No description available.

Functional analyses on TGF?BMP signaling and type IIA procollagen in inner ear development

Kwong, Wai-hang. January 2009 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hong Kong, 2010. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 202-229). Also available in print.

Analyzing Interactions Between Cells And Extracellular Matrix By Atomic Force Microscopy

Friedrichs, Jens 11 November 2009 (has links)
Interactions of cells with the extracellular matrix (ECM) have important roles in various physiological and pathological processes, including tissue morphogenesis during embryonic development, wound healing and tumor invasion. Although most of the proteins involved in cell-ECM interactions have been identified, the underlying mechanisms and involved signaling pathways are incompletely understood. Here, atomic force microscope-based imaging and single-cell force measurements were used to characterize the interactions of different cell types with ECM proteins. The interplay between cells and ECM is complex. However, two interaction types, protein-protein and protein-carbohydrate, predominate. Integrins, adhesion receptors for ECM, mediate the former, galectins, a family of animal lectins, the latter. In the second chapter of this thesis, the contributions of both receptor families to the interactions of epithelial MDCK cells with ECM proteins are presented. It was found that galectins-3 and 9 are highly expressed in MDCK cells and required for optimal long-term adhesion (90 minutes) to ECM proteins collagen-I and laminin-111. Interestingly, early adhesion (< 2 minutes) to laminin-111, was integrin-independent and instead mediated by carbohydrate interactions and galectins. In contrast, early adhesion to collagen-I was exclusively mediated by integrins. Moreover, cells frequently entered an enhanced adhesion state, marked by a significant increase in the force required for cell detachment. Although adhesion was mediated by integrins, adhesion enhancement was especially observed in cells depleted for galectin-3. It was proposed that galectin-3 influences integrin-mediated adhesion complex formation by altering receptor clustering. To control their attachment to ECM proteins, cells regulate integrin receptors. One regulatory process is integrin crosstalk, where the binding of one type of integrin influences the activity of another type. In the third chapter, the implementation of a single-cell force spectroscopy assay to identify such crosstalks and gain insight into their mechanisms is described. In this assay the interactions of integrin receptors being specifically attached to one ligand are characterized in dependence of another ligand-bond receptor pair. With this assay a crosstalk between collagen-binding integrin α1β1 and fibronectin-binding integrin α5β1 was identified in HeLa cells. This crosstalk was directional from integrin α1β1 to integrin α5β1 and appeared to regulate integrin α5β1 by inducing its endocytosis. In the fourth and final chapter, mechanisms of matrix-induced cell alignment were studied by imaging cells on two-dimensional matrices assembled of highly aligned collagen fibrils. Integrin α2β1 was identified as the predominant receptor mediating cell polarization. Time-lapse AFM demonstrated that during alignment cells deform the matrix by reorienting individual collagen fibrils. Cells deformed the collagen matrix asymmetrically, revealing an anisotropy in matrix rigidity. When matrix rigidity was rendered uniform by chemical cross-linking or when the matrix was formed from collagen fibrils of reduced tensile strength, cell polarization did not occur. This suggested that both the high tensile strength and pliability of collagen fibrils contribute to the anisotropic rigidity of the matrix and lead to directional cellular traction and cell polarization. During alignment, cellular protrusions contacted the collagen matrix from below and above. This complex entanglement of cellular protrusions and collagen fibrils may further promote cell alignment by maximizing cellular traction. The work presented here adds to the understanding of cell-ECM interactions. Atomic force microscopy imaging allowed characterizing the behavior of cells on nanopatterned collagen matrices whereas single-cell force spectroscopy revealed insights into the regulation of cell adhesion by galectins. Furthermore, methodological advances in the single-cell force spectroscopy assay allowed the intracellular regulation of receptor molecules to be studied. The work demonstrates that atomic force microscopy is a versatile tool to study cell-ECM interactions.

Aligned Fibrillar Collagen Matrices for Tissue Engineering

Lanfer, Babette 21 April 2010 (has links)
The desire for repair of tissue defects and injury is the major need prompting research into tissue engineering. Engineering of anisotropic tissues requires production of ordered substrates that orient cells preferentially and support cell viability and differentiation. Towards this goal, this thesis investigated methodologies to align extracellular matrix structures in vitro to guide stem/progenitor cell behaviour for tissue regeneration. Aligned collagen fibrils were deposited on planar substrates from collagen solutions streaming through a microfluidic channel system. Collagen solution concentration, degree of gelation, shear rate and pre-coating of the substrate were demonstrated to determine the orientation and density of the immobilized fibrils. The degree of collagen fibril orientation increased with increasing flow rates of the solution while the matrix density increased at higher collagen solution concentrations and on hydrophobic polymer pre-coatings. Additionally, the length of the immobilized collagen fibrils increased with increasing solution concentration and gelation time. Aligned collagen matrices were refined by incorporating the glycosaminoglycan heparin to study multiple extracellular matrix components in a single system. Multilineage (osteogenic/adipogenic/chondrogenic) differentiation of mesenchymal stem and progenitor cells was maintained by the aligned structures. Most noticeable was the observation that during osteogenesis, aligned collagen substrates choreographed ordered matrix mineralization. Likewise, myotube assembly of C2C12 cells was profoundly influenced by aligned topographic features resulting in enhanced myotube organization and length. Neurites from neural stem cells were highly oriented in the direction of the underlying fibrils. Neurite outgrowth was enhanced on aligned collagen compared to non-aligned collagen or poly-D-lysine substrates, while neural differentiation and cell survival were not influenced by the type of substrate. Using the new method to align collagen type I, the interior walls of cellulose hollow fiber membranes were coated with longitudinally aligned collagen fibrils to fabricate an advanced guidance conduit for nerve regeneration. First cell culture experiments showed that the tubes coated with aligned collagen supported viability and adherence of spinal cord-derived neurospheres. Together, these results demonstrate the feasibility of aligned collagen matrices as a versatile platform to control cell behaviour towards tissue regeneration. Ultimately, the new method to align collagen fibrils and to coat hollow membranes may become an integral component of tissue engineering, working synergistically with other emerging techniques to promote functional tissue replacements.

Einfluss des α1(I)-Kollagens auf die Aktionspotentiale von frühen aus embryonalen Stammzellen differenzierten Kardiomyozyten / Influence of α1(I)-Collagen on Action Potentials in Early Stage Cardiomyocytes Derived from Embryonic Stem Cells

Neef, Stefan 06 July 2011 (has links)
No description available.

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