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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Laterally loaded wood compression members : finite element and reliability analysis

Koka, Exaud Noe January 1987 (has links)
This thesis consists of two parts. The first part describes the analysis and implementation of a finite element computer model for the general prediction of failure of wood members in bending or in combined bending and axial compression. Both instability and material strength failures are included. The program is verified using available analytical and test results. A good agreement with the results predicted by this program is observed. The second part describes a procedure for the structural reliability evaluation of a compression member assuming random loads and material variables. The program developed here for the reliability study links the finite element program and the Rackwitz-Fiessler algorithm for the calculation of the reliability index β. The gradient of the failure function, which is a necessary input to the Rackwitz-Fiessler algorithm, is computed numerically using the finite element routine. The results of the reliability study for a typical column problem are compared against the available results obtained by following the code procedures [as outlined in CAN3-086.1-M84 (1984)] for different slenderness ratios. A performance factor ɸ⍴ = 0.75, for compression members of any length is recommended in order to obtain a more accurate and consistent level of reliability in the design process. It is estimated that if this factor ɸ⍴ = 0.75 adopted in the current design practices, a level reliability index of the order of 4.0 can be achieved. / Applied Science, Faculty of / Civil Engineering, Department of / Graduate
2

Load and resistance factor design for wood structures

Penketgorn, Thiwa January 1985 (has links)
Uncertainties in engineering design exist due to the random nature of loads and materials, lack of knowledge, and imperfect modelling of design parameters. Conventional design methods based on deterministic procedures do not always yield designs having consistent safety. In recent years considerable research has been conducted in the use of probability theory for modelling uncertainties in engineering designs and several probabilistic design formats have been developed. Probability based design methods provide a unified procedure applicable to all construction materials, all loads, and all types of uncertainties. Code committees are currently working on the development of the new design codes for various construction materials such as steel, concrete, and wood based on probabilistic concepts. The objective of this study is to study a probability based design format for wood members. Reliability analysis of wood structural elements such as beams, columns, and beam-columns is conducted, and the risk level is measured by the reliability or safety index, β. Wood members subjected to dead plus live load and dead plus snow load combinations are considered. After conducting a reliability analysis of current designs, a target reliability index is selected. The reliability index is then used in conjunction with the predetermined load factors and load combinations to determine resistance factors. Finally, a design format is proposed for Load and Resistance Factor Design for wood structures. / M.S.

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