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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Data replication in mobile computing

Pamplona, Rodrigo Christovam January 2010 (has links)
With the advances of technology and the popularization of mobile devices, the need of researching and discussing subjects related to mobile devices has raised. One of the subjects that needs to be further analyzed is data replication. This study investigates data replication on mobile devices focusing on power consumption. It presents four different scenarios that propose, describe, apply and evaluate data replication mechanisms, with the purpose of finding the best scenario that presents less energy consumption. In order to make the experiments, Sun SPOT was chosen as a mobile device. This device is fully programmed in a java environment. A different software was created in each scenario in order to verify the performance of the mobile devices regarding energy saving. The results found did not meet the expectations. While trying to find the best scenario a hardware limitation was found. Although software can be easily changed to fix errors, hardware cannot be changed as easily. The implications for the hardware limitation found in this study prevented the results to be optimal. The results found also imply that new hardware should be used in further experimentation. As this study proved to be limited, it suggests that additional studies should be carried out applying the new version of the hardware used in this study.
2

A Different Threshold Approach to Data Replication in Data Grids

Huang, Yen-Wei 21 January 2008 (has links)
Certain scientific application domains, such as High-Energy Physics or Earth Observation, are expected to produce several Petabytes (220 Gigabyes) of data that is analyzed and evaluated by the scientists all over the world. In the context of data grid technology, data replication is mostly used to reduce access latency and bandwidth consumption. In this thesis, we adopt the typical Data Grid architecture, three kinds of nodes: server, cache, and client nodes. A server node represents a main storage site. A client node represents a site where data access requests are generated, and a cache node represents an intermediate storage site. However, the access latency of the hierarchical storage system may be of the order of seconds up to hours. The static replication strategy can be used to improve such long delay; however, it cannot adapt to changes of users¡¦ behaviors. Therefore, the dynamic data replication strategy is used in Data Grids. Three fundamental design issues in a dynamic replication strategy are: (1) when to create the replicas, (2) which files to be replicated, and (3) where the replicas to be placed. Two of well known replication strategies are Fast-Spread and Cascading, which can work well for different kinds of access patterns individually. For example, the Fast-Spread strategy works well for random access patterns, and the Cascading strategy works well for the patterns with the properties of localities. However, for so many different access patterns, if we use a strategy for one kind of access patterns and another strategy for another kind of access patterns, the system may become too complex. Therefore, in this thesis, we propose one strategy which can work for any kind of access patterns. We propose a replication approach, a Different Threshold (DT) approach to data replication in Data Grids, which can be dynamically adapted to several kinds of access patterns and provide even better performance than Cascading and Fast-Spread strategies. In our approach, there are different thresholds for different layers. Based on this approach, first, we propose a static DT strategy in which the threshold at each layer is fixed. So, by carefully adjusting the difference between the thresholds Ti, where i is the i-th layer of the tree structure, we can even provide the better performance than the above two well-known strategies. Moreover, among large amount of different data files, there may exist some hot data files. Those files which have been mostly requested are hot data files. To reduce the number of requests for the hot files, next, we propose the dynamic DT strategy. In the dynamic DT strategy, each data file even has its own threshold. We let data replication of hot files occur earlier than others by decreasing the thresholds of hot files earlier than the normal ones. From our simulation results, we show that the response time in our static DT strategy is less than that in the Cascading and the Fast-Spread strategies. Moreover, we can show that the performance of the dynamic DT strategy is better than that of the static DT strategy.
3

The Grunfeld Data at 50

Kleiber, Christian, Zeileis, Achim January 2008 (has links) (PDF)
This paper revisits Grunfeld's well-known investment data, one of the most widely used data sets in all of econometrics, on the occasion of their 50th anniversary. It presents, apparently for the first time after the publication of the original Chicago Ph.D. thesis, the full data set and points out errors and inconsistencies in several currently available versions. It also revisits a number of empirical studies from the literature of the last five decades. / Series: Research Report Series / Department of Statistics and Mathematics
4

Personal Information Environment: A Framework for Managing Personal Files across a Set of Devices

MOHAMMAD, ATIF 06 August 2009 (has links)
The advancement in computing in the last three decades has introduced many devices in our daily lives including personal computers, laptops, cellular devices and many more. The data we need for our processing needs is scattered among these devices. The availability of all the scattered data in the devices in use associated to an individual user as one is achieved in a Personal Information Environment. Data recharging is a technique used to achieve a Personal Information Environment for an individual user using data replication. In this thesis, we propose a data recharging scheme for an individual user’s Personal Information Environment. We study the data availability to a user by conducting a simulation using the data recharging algorithm. This data recharging approach is achieved by using master-slave data replication technique. / Thesis (Master, Computing) -- Queen's University, 2009-08-06 00:18:00.19
5

Selective Data Replication for Distributed Geographical Data Sets

Gu, Xuan January 2008 (has links)
The main purpose of this research is to incorporate additional higher-level semantics into the existing data replication strategies in such a way that their flexibility and performance can be improved in favour of both data providers and consumers. The resulting approach from this research is referred to as the selective data replication system. With this system, the data that has been updated by a data provider is captured and batched into messages known as update notifications. Once update notifications are received by data consumers, they are used to evaluate so-called update policies, which are specified by data consumers containing details on when data replications need to occur and what data needs to be updated during the replications.
6

Selective Data Replication for Distributed Geographical Data Sets

Gu, Xuan January 2008 (has links)
The main purpose of this research is to incorporate additional higher-level semantics into the existing data replication strategies in such a way that their flexibility and performance can be improved in favour of both data providers and consumers. The resulting approach from this research is referred to as the selective data replication system. With this system, the data that has been updated by a data provider is captured and batched into messages known as update notifications. Once update notifications are received by data consumers, they are used to evaluate so-called update policies, which are specified by data consumers containing details on when data replications need to occur and what data needs to be updated during the replications.
7

Multithreaded PDE Solvers on Non-Uniform Memory Architectures

Nordén, Markus January 2006 (has links)
A trend in parallel computer architecture is that systems with a large shared memory are becoming more and more popular. A shared memory system can be either a uniform memory architecture (UMA) or a cache coherent non-uniform memory architecture (cc-NUMA). In the present thesis, the performance of parallel PDE solvers on cc-NUMA computers is studied. In particular, we consider the shared namespace programming model, represented by OpenMP. Since the main memory is physically, or geographically distributed over several multi-processor nodes, the latency for local memory accesses is smaller than for remote accesses. Therefore, the geographical locality of the data becomes important. The focus of the present thesis is to study multithreaded PDE solvers on cc-NUMA systems, in particular their memory access pattern with respect to geographical locality. The questions posed are: (1) How large is the influence on performance of the non-uniformity of the memory system? (2) How should a program be written in order to reduce this influence? (3) Is it possible to introduce optimizations in the computer system for this purpose? The main conclusion is that geographical locality is important for performance on cc-NUMA systems. This is shown experimentally for a broad range of PDE solvers as well as theoretically using a model involving characteristics of computer systems and applications. Geographical locality can be achieved through migration directives that are inserted by the programmer or — possibly in the future — automatically by the compiler. On some systems, it can also be accomplished by means of transparent, hardware initiated migration and replication. However, a necessary condition that must be fulfilled if migration is to be effective is that the memory access pattern must not be "speckled", i.e. as few threads as possible shall make accesses to each memory page. We also conclude that OpenMP is competitive with MPI on cc-NUMA systems if care is taken to get a favourable data distribution.
8

Partition Aware Database Replication : A state-update transfer strategy based on PRiDe

Olby, Johan January 2007 (has links)
Distributed real-time databases can be used to support data sharing for applications in wireless ad-hoc networks. In such networks, topology changes frequently and partitions may be unpredictable and last for an unbounded period. In this thesis, the existing database replication protocol PRiDe is extended to handle such long-lasting partitions. The protocol uses optimistic and detached replication to provide predictable response times in unpredictable networks and forward conflict resolution to guarantee progress. The extension, pPRiDe, combines update and state transfer strategies. Update transfer for intra-partition communication can reduce bandwidth usage and ease conflict resolution. State transfer for inter partition conflicts removes dependency on a common state between partitions prior to the merge to apply update messages on. This makes the resource usage independent of the life span of partitions. This independence comes at the cost of global data stability guarantees and pPRiDe can thus only provide per partition guarantees. The protocol supports application specific conflict resolution routines for both state and update conflicts. A basic simulator for mobile ad-hoc networks has been developed to validate that pPRiDe provides eventual consistency. pPRiDe shows that a hybrid approach to change propagation strategy can be beneficial in networks where collaboration by data sharing within long lasting partitions and predictable resource usage is necessary. These types of systems already require the conflict management routines necessary for pPRiDe and can benefit from an existing protocol. In addition to pPRiDe and the simulator this thesis provides a flexible object database suitable for future works and an implementation of PRiDe on top of that database.
9

PDRM : a proactive data replication mechanism to improve content mobility support in NDN using location awareness

Lehmann, Matheus Brenner January 2017 (has links)
O problema de lidar com a mobilidade dos usuários existe desde que os dispositivos móveis se tornaram capazes de lidar com conteúdo multimídia e ainda é um dos desafios mais relevantes na área de redes de computadores. A arquitetura de Internet convencional é inadequada em lidar com um número cada vez maior de dispositivos móveis que estão tanto consumindo quanto produzindo conteúdo. Named Data Networking (NDN) é uma arquitetura de rede que pode potencialmente superar este desafio de mobilidade. Ela suporta a mobilidade do consumidor nativamente, mas não oferece o mesmo nível de suporte para a mobilidade de conteúdo. A mobilidade de conteúdo exige garantir que os consumidores consigam encontrar e recuperar o conteúdo desejado mesmo quando o produtor correspondente (ou o hospedeiro principal) não estiver disponível. Nesta tese, propomos o PDRM (Proactive Data Replication Mechanism), um mecanismo de replicação de dados proativo e consciente de localização, que aumenta a disponibilidade de conteúdo através da redundância de dados no contexto da arquitetura NDN. Ele explora os recursos disponíveis dos usuários finais na vizinhança para melhorar a disponibilidade de conteúdo, mesmo no caso da mobilidade do produtor. Ao longo da tese, discutimos o projeto do PDRM, avaliamos o impacto do número de provedores disponíveis na vizinhança e a capacidade de cache na rede em sua operação e comparamos seu desempenho com NDN padrão e duas propostas do estado-da-arte. A avaliação indica que o PDRM melhora o suporte à mobilidade de conteúdo devido ao uso de informações de popularidade dos objetos e recursos extras na vizinhança para ajudar a replicação pró-ativa. Os resultados mostram que o PDRM pode reduzir os tempos de download até 53,55%, o carregamento do produtor até 71,6%, o tráfego entre domínios até 46,5% e a sobrecarga gerada até 25% em comparação com NDN padrão e os demais mecanismos avaliados. / The problem of handling user mobility has been around since mobile devices became capable of handling multimedia content and is still one of the most relevant challenges in networking. The conventional Internet architecture is inadequate in dealing with an ever-growing number of mobile devices that are both consuming and producing content. Named Data Networking (NDN) is a network architecture that can potentially overcome this mobility challenge. It supports consumer mobility by design but fails to offer the same level of support for content mobility. Content mobility requires guaranteeing that consumers manage to find and retrieve desired content even when the corresponding producer (or primary host) is not available. In this thesis, we propose PDRM, a Proactive and locality-aware Data Replication Mechanism that increases content availability through data redundancy in the context of the NDN architecture. It explores available resources from end-users in the vicinity to improve content availability even in the case of producer mobility. Throughout the thesis, we discuss the design of PDRM, evaluate the impact of the number of available providers in the vicinity and in-network cache capacity on its operation, and compare its performance to Vanilla NDN and two state-of-the-art proposals. The evaluation indicates that PDRM improves content mobility support due to using object popularity information and spare resources in the vicinity to help the proactive replication. Results show that PDRM can reduce the download times up to 53.55%, producer load up to 71.6%, inter-domain traffic up to 46.5%, and generated overhead up to 25% compared to Vanilla NDN and other evaluated mechanisms.
10

PDRM : a proactive data replication mechanism to improve content mobility support in NDN using location awareness

Lehmann, Matheus Brenner January 2017 (has links)
O problema de lidar com a mobilidade dos usuários existe desde que os dispositivos móveis se tornaram capazes de lidar com conteúdo multimídia e ainda é um dos desafios mais relevantes na área de redes de computadores. A arquitetura de Internet convencional é inadequada em lidar com um número cada vez maior de dispositivos móveis que estão tanto consumindo quanto produzindo conteúdo. Named Data Networking (NDN) é uma arquitetura de rede que pode potencialmente superar este desafio de mobilidade. Ela suporta a mobilidade do consumidor nativamente, mas não oferece o mesmo nível de suporte para a mobilidade de conteúdo. A mobilidade de conteúdo exige garantir que os consumidores consigam encontrar e recuperar o conteúdo desejado mesmo quando o produtor correspondente (ou o hospedeiro principal) não estiver disponível. Nesta tese, propomos o PDRM (Proactive Data Replication Mechanism), um mecanismo de replicação de dados proativo e consciente de localização, que aumenta a disponibilidade de conteúdo através da redundância de dados no contexto da arquitetura NDN. Ele explora os recursos disponíveis dos usuários finais na vizinhança para melhorar a disponibilidade de conteúdo, mesmo no caso da mobilidade do produtor. Ao longo da tese, discutimos o projeto do PDRM, avaliamos o impacto do número de provedores disponíveis na vizinhança e a capacidade de cache na rede em sua operação e comparamos seu desempenho com NDN padrão e duas propostas do estado-da-arte. A avaliação indica que o PDRM melhora o suporte à mobilidade de conteúdo devido ao uso de informações de popularidade dos objetos e recursos extras na vizinhança para ajudar a replicação pró-ativa. Os resultados mostram que o PDRM pode reduzir os tempos de download até 53,55%, o carregamento do produtor até 71,6%, o tráfego entre domínios até 46,5% e a sobrecarga gerada até 25% em comparação com NDN padrão e os demais mecanismos avaliados. / The problem of handling user mobility has been around since mobile devices became capable of handling multimedia content and is still one of the most relevant challenges in networking. The conventional Internet architecture is inadequate in dealing with an ever-growing number of mobile devices that are both consuming and producing content. Named Data Networking (NDN) is a network architecture that can potentially overcome this mobility challenge. It supports consumer mobility by design but fails to offer the same level of support for content mobility. Content mobility requires guaranteeing that consumers manage to find and retrieve desired content even when the corresponding producer (or primary host) is not available. In this thesis, we propose PDRM, a Proactive and locality-aware Data Replication Mechanism that increases content availability through data redundancy in the context of the NDN architecture. It explores available resources from end-users in the vicinity to improve content availability even in the case of producer mobility. Throughout the thesis, we discuss the design of PDRM, evaluate the impact of the number of available providers in the vicinity and in-network cache capacity on its operation, and compare its performance to Vanilla NDN and two state-of-the-art proposals. The evaluation indicates that PDRM improves content mobility support due to using object popularity information and spare resources in the vicinity to help the proactive replication. Results show that PDRM can reduce the download times up to 53.55%, producer load up to 71.6%, inter-domain traffic up to 46.5%, and generated overhead up to 25% compared to Vanilla NDN and other evaluated mechanisms.

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