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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
61

Sustainable Fossils: Past Life for the Present and Future

Sookias, Roland January 2011 (has links)
Fossils are a non-renewable natural resource and impart many different kinds of value including scientific, educational, aesthetic and via practical uses such as construction. They provide an entirely irreplaceable record of life on Earth yet ensuring their sustainable use has often been overlooked. Ten case examples of fossil sites, with a European focus but from around the world, are documented in a framework of economic, social and environmental spheres typically used in sustainable development theory. The sustainability of the way fossils are treated at the sites is examined, compared and discussed. Non-extractive uses are generally found to be most straightforwardly sustainable, but concerns such as pollution must be born in mind. Extractive uses (commercial collecting, quarrying) present more challenges but can be made sustainable by involvement of science and investment of profits. Without a coordinated global policy for sustainable development in all areas fossil use cannot be sustainable globally.
62

Women’s Position and the Environment - Case Study: Kosovo

Halimi, Nexhi January 2011 (has links)
Kosovo has gone through an unfortunate turn of events in its recent history. Wars, oppression years, and economic depression have had a staining influence in the society at large. However, women and the environment have been affected the most. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ecofeminist hypothesis that links the subordination of women to the degradation of the environment. The methods employed for the study are descriptive, where interviews, observations, conversations with woman were carried out, and laws, reports, press releases of the government were reviewed. With ecofeminism as the cupola of the study, one side of the analysis looks at women’s position in the Kosovar society, through Schwartz’s seven cultural value orientations theory, and the other investigates the discursive actions of the Kosovo government, through Dryzek’s discourse analysis framework. The results obtained reveal a picture of women’s subordination by the society, a subordination that is met with administrative measures for remediation but which fall short of tangible results. In the environmental dimension, a discourse of administrative rationalism is discovered, rationalism that deals superficially with EU’s directives and acquis communautaire.
63

Climate Change and Requirement of Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technology

Uddin, Mahatab January 2011 (has links)
Technology and policy play a twofold role in international environmental laws. Strongerenvironmental policies encourage new green technologies and likewise, better technologies makeit easier to regulate. “Technology transfer” refers to the transfer from one party, an association orinstitution that developed the technology, to another that adopts, adapts, and uses it. As differentkinds of threats posed by climate change are continuously increasing all over the world the issueof “technology transfer” especially the transfer of environmentally sound technologies hasbecome one of the key topics of international environmental debates.This thesis addresses, firstly, the possible methods of technology transfer and secondly, howcurrent international environmental laws play its role to facilitate the transfer. Accordingly, Ihave focused on the concerned provisions of Kyoto Protocol and its subsequent implementationmeasures. I have also taken in to account the decisions of the annual meetings of the Conferenceof the parties (COPs) of the UNFCCC.The thesis has also made a brief comparative discussion between the provisions of internationalenvironmental laws and the provisions of intellectual property rights in terms of technologytransfer.However, at the last stage of the thesis, some potential recommendations are mentioned andbriefly discussed in view to come up with a sustainable solution.In addition to the international environmental law, I have also tried to figure out some otherinternational or multinational instruments which concern the transfer of environmentally soundtechnologies.
64

Sustainable Development in Transboundary Water Resource Management : A Case Study of the Mekong River Basin

Kim, Kyungmee January 2011 (has links)
Global climate change, environmental degradation and demographic changes has emphasizedthe sustainable development of Mekong river basin. The research uses the theoreticalframework that sustainable development in the transboundary water resource management ismost likely to be achieved through the policy making based on the ‘regional approach’ andthe ‘alternative development strategy.’ The aim of this research is to investigate themanagement of Mekong river basin within the theoretical framework and to assess theprospect of sustainable development. The Mekong River Commission (MRC) and itsprograms, hydropower development in the upstream and the downstream and the geopoliticalsituation of the Mekong region are reviewed for the analysis. In result, although MRC hasstressed the principle of sustainable development, the limitations such as the damconstructions in the both upstream and downstream, donor influence, legal restrictions of the1995 Mekong Agreement and limited implementation of the participatory approach indevelopment programs remain as the constraints to achieve sustainable development. TheBuild-Own-Transfer type of privatized hydropower development in the downstream is achallenge to the environmental and social sustainability by accelerating the process of thedam building process. MRC’s the most prioritized strategy to introduce the ‘Integrated WaterResource Management’ implies the basin-wide management of water resource management,yet the complexity of respective national interests have to be added as a concern in thetransboundary context. The absence of China and Burma in MRC is a critical weakness toapply the regional-approach in the development policy. In the case of the upstreamhydropower development, the decision making has been done unilaterally without theaccountable and transparent process. As China considers the Mekong in the relation to theenergy production and oil transportation, the securitization of the Mekong will affectnegatively on the future participation of China in MRC. A positive trend can be derived fromChina’s ambition to become a regional power to replace the donors in MRC, and thisstrategic realism will strengthen the regional cooperation between China and other riparianstates though MRC.
65

Adaptation of Stagnicola palustris to Rapid Climate Change in the Baltic Sea

Islam, Tarikul January 2011 (has links)
Rapid climate change is one of the most pressing environmental issues in the world, with Scandinavia andthe Arctic among those projected to be most strongly affected. Faced with a changing environment,organisms may respond in three ways – by adaptation, migration or extinction. Adaptation can occurthrough phenotypic plasticity or microevolution, and while phenotypic responses to climate change arewell described, examples showing microevolution are rare. To be able to predict the effects of climatechange, an assessment of a species’ evolutionary potential to increased temperature is necessary.I studied whether snail populations subjected to a 30 year warming experiment have been able to adapt tothe new climate regimen. Two populations of Stagnicola palustris originating from areas affected bycooling water discharge from the nuclear power plant in Forsmark, Sweden (with increased watertemperatures by 4-10 °C) and two control populations from unaffected areas were used in thisexperiment. Laboratory reared F3 offspring were raised for 28 weeks in a common garden setup at fourdifferent temperature treatments (12-24 °C) and shell length, snail mass and higher survival weremeasured.Both warm-origin populations appeared able to have adapted to the increased temperatures, though bydifferent means. Snail growth showed evidence of co-gradient variation (after 6 and 18 weeks) and localadaptation (after 28 weeks) in one of the warm-origin populations. The other warm-origin population, onthe other hand, appeared to have acquired adaptation by increasing its survival to the higher temperaturescompared to the other three populations.My results suggest that organisms can adapt rapidly to a warmer environment. However, the effects ofimproved growth and survival on population fitness and persistence remain unclear and need to be studied further.
66

Development and sustainability? : Agrofuels: Crossroads in Argentina’s discourses

Boffi, Florencia Dorina January 2011 (has links)
The purpose of this thesis is to provide an analysis of how agrofuel discourses inArgentina represent particular economic and political interests. The chosen period (2007-2010)obeys to the fact that 2007 was the year where the law for Promotion of Sustainable Agrofuelwas enforced.The methodological approach of the thesis suggests that discourses represent a systematicway of ordering meanings, practices and knowledge. What can be understood from this studyis that the interest shown on agrofuels lies ultimately not in the care of the environment, butrather to generate agri-industrial production centers that can give added value to rawmaterials for export.
67

Does Political Instability Affect Remittance Flows?

Agbegha, Vivian Ogbomienie 04 May 2006 (has links)
International remittances are an increasingly discussed topic for development economists; however, economists disagree about the motivations for remittance-sending. Additionally, there is divergence among economists about which variables determine remittance flows. This thesis examines the motivations of remittance senders from Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), as well as from Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) through the introduction of a political instability variable. This thesis, representing 47 nations, contains 2 panel estimations of the macroeconomic and political determinants of remittances to LAC, and SSA. Annual remittances from 1970 to 2003 for the nations in the two regions were regressed on per capita GDPs of the host and recipient nations, the real interest rate differential between the recipient and host nations, and a political instability index for the recipient nation. The panel estimation for LAC revealed a statistically significant 5% decrease in remittances per unit increase in the political instability index. The panel estimation for SSA showed 0 effect with a unit increase in the political instability index. This result was not statistically significant. The result for LAC indicated altruism as the motivation for remittance sending, while the result for SSA was inconclusive. The evidence asserts that political instability affects remittance flows to LAC, while it does not impact remittance flows to SSA.
68

An analysis of supply, price and trade of flue cured virginia tobacco in India

Mandanna, P K 09 1900 (has links)
Tobacco in India
69

Economic Development through Institutional Credit

Sogala, Satchidananda Sivachidambarasarma 05 1900 (has links)
Institutional Credit
70

Regional approach to planning for Agro-Industrial development: A case study of Quilon District in Kerala

Rao, Vijaya Leela A 08 1900 (has links)
A case study of Quilon District in Kerala

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