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Modelling and simulation of electronically controlled diesel injectorsTran, Xuan-Thien, Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, UNSW January 2003 (has links)
The study presents a one-dimensional, transient and compressible flow models of a commercial Common Rail Injector (CRI) and a prototype of a single-fuel Hydraulically actuated Electrically controlled Unit Injector (HEUI) developed at the University of New South Wales (UNSW) in conjunction with local industry. The unique feature of the UNSW HEUI is the fact that it uses diesel fuel as the driver for pressure amplification within the unit injector. The work undertaken is part of a wider study aimed at optimization of the design of diesel injectors for dual-fuel systems to reduce green house gas emissions. The contribution of this thesis is the development of the model of the UNSW HEUI injector, which can be used to investigate possible modifications of the injector for its use in dual-fuel injection systems. The developed models include electrical, mechanical and hydraulic subsystems present in the injectors. They are based on Kirchhoff??s laws, on the mass and momentum conservation equations and on the equilibrium of forces. The models were implemented in MATLAB/SIMULINK graphical software environment, which provides a high degree of flexibility and allows simulation of both linear and nonlinear elements. The models were used to perform sensitivity analysis of both injectors. The sensitivity analysis has revealed that the temperature of the solenoid coil is one of the critical parameters affecting the timing and the quantity of the fuel injection of both injectors. Additional critical parameters were found to be the dimensions of the piston of the CRI, the stiffness of the needle spring of the HEUI and the dimensions of the intensifier of the HEUI. The models also revealed that in the case of pilot injections the speed of the solenoid is the major limiting factor of the performance. The developed models provide better understanding of the issues and limitations of the injectors. They give detailed insight into their working principles. The investigations of the models permit making quantitative analysis of the timing of the HEUI solenoid and to evaluate the proposed change of the direction of the pressure acting on the HEUI solenoid plunger.
Comparison of heavy-duty diesel engine emissions between an on-road route and engine dynamometer simulated on-road cycleGibble, John Curtis. January 2003 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--West Virginia University, 2003. / Title from document title page. Document formatted into pages; contains xi, 101 p. : ill. (some col.). Includes abstract. Includes bibliographical references (p. 72-76).
A study of sustainable fuel in public transport : the case of public light buses in Hong Kong /Ng, Tze-on. January 2001 (has links)
Thesis (M.A.)--University of Hong Kong, 2001. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves.
Cleaner alternative fuels for vehicles a cleaner future for Hong Kong /Ng, Bing, Benson. January 2001 (has links)
Thesis (M. Sc.)--University of Hong Kong, 2001. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 84-87).
Alternative fuels and reduction of air pollution in Hong Kong /Hui, Lai-yee. January 2001 (has links)
Thesis (M. Sc.)--University of Hong Kong, 2001. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 48-53).
Characterization of exhaust emissions from catalyzed trap-equipped non-road heavy-duty diesel enginesNagendran, Vinay. January 2003 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--West Virginia University, 2003. / Title from document title page. Document formatted into pages; contains xiv, 143 p. : ill. (some col.). Includes abstract. Includes bibliographical references (p. 123-129).
Use of clove stem oil as an alternative fuel for diesel enginesAbdulhamid, Haji January 2008 (has links)
Thesis (MTech. degree in Mechanical Engineering.)--Tshwane University of Technology, 2008.
An experimental investigation of the spatial and temporal pressure variation in the combustion chamber of a single cylinder diesel engineSagdeo, Pradipkumar Manohar 08 1900 (has links)
No description available.
Supersonic liquid diesel fuel jets : generation, shock wave characteristics, auto-ignition feasibilitiesPianthong, Kulachate, Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, UNSW January 2002 (has links)
It is well known that high-speed liquid jetting is one of the most powerful techniques available to cut or penetrate material. Recently, it has been conjectured that high-speed liquid jets may be beneficial in improving combustion in such applications as SCRAM jets and direct injection diesel engines. Although there are practical limitations on maximum jet velocity, a fundamental study of the characteristics of high-speed liquid fuel jets and their auto-ignition feasibility is necessary. Important benefits could be increased combustion efficiency and enhanced emission control from improved atomisation. The generation of high-speed liquid jets (water and diesel fuel) in the supersonic to hypersonic ranges by use of a vertical single stage powder gun is described. The effect of the projectile velocity and projectile mass on the jet velocity is found experimentally. Jet exit velocities from a range of different nozzle inner profiles and nozzle hardness are thoroughly examined. The characteristics and behaviour of the high-speed liquid jet and its leading bow shock wave have been studied with the aid of a shadowgraph technique. This provides a clearer picture of each stage of the generation of hypersonic liquid jets. It makes possible the study of hypersonic diesel fuel jet characteristics and their potential for auto-ignition. The fundamental processes by which a supersonic liquid jet is generated by projectile impact have been investigated. The momentum transfer from the projectile to the liquid and the shock wave reflection within the nozzle cavity are the key items of interest. A new one-dimensional analysis has been used in order to simplify this complex and difficult problem. The impact pressure obtained from the projectile was firstly derived. Then, an investigation of the intermittent pressure increase in a closed end cavity and a simple stepped, cross-sectional nozzle were carried out. The nozzle pressure and final jet velocity were estimated and compared to a previous method and to experimental results. Some interesting characteristics found in the experiments relate well to those anticipated by the analysis. The characteristics of a hypersonic diesel fuel jet and its leading edge shock wave were assessed for their potential for auto-ignition using fuel with cetane numbers from 50-100. The investigations were performed at normal ambient air and at elevated air (110 ???C) temperature. So far, there is no sign of auto-ignition that may occur because of the temperature rise of the induced shock.
Supersonic liquid diesel fuel jets : generation, shock wave characteristics, auto-ignition feasibilities /Pianthong, Kulachate. January 2002 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of New South Wales, 2002. / Also available online.
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