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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
11

Adaptive adjustment of receiver for distorted digital signals

Hau, Sau F. January 1986 (has links)
This report describes the investigation which has led to the development of a novel technique for the adaptive adjustment of the receiver in a digital data-transmission system, where the latter operates with additive noise and severe intersymbol interference in the received signal. This technique is suitable both for the adjustment of a conventional non-linear (decision-feedback) equaliser, and also for the adjustment of a linear feedforward transversal filter that is employed ahead of a near-maximum-likelihood detector. In the latter case, the technique provides, in addition, an estimate of the sampled impulse-response of the channel and filter, to give the information on the received signal needed by the detector. The adaptive system requires an estimate of the sampled impulse-response of the channel and it involves finding the roots (zeros) of the z-transform of the sampled impulse-response that lie outside the unit circle. The aim of the investigation has been to develop a root-finding algorithm which would be used to find some or all. of the roots, with moduli greater than unity, of a high-degree (>20) complex polynomial. The first part of the report describes the study of an on-line system, where the receiver operates on a continuous stream of received samples subject to both intersymbol interference and noise, and 'it presents the results of a large number. of tests using computer simulation which show the root-finding capability and vulnerability of the system to white Gaussian noise. .The results of the tests point to the potential advantages of an off-line system, which is much simpler to implement and'requires less computation. The modified technique operates solely and directly on the estimate of sampled impulse-response of the channel, which must,again be,provided at the receiver. The report gives the results of computer-simulation tests measuring the speed and accuracy of two different arrangements of the system, for different channels, and it also studies the effects of double roots and roots just outside the unit circle. The off-line system is suitable for a 16-point QAM system operating at 9600 bit/s over the British public switched telephone network, and with slight modification, it can also be used for a 64-point QAM system operating at 19200 bit/s.
12

Characterisation and modelling of indoor and short-range MIMO communications

Matthaiou, Michail January 2008 (has links)
Over the last decade, we have witnessed the rapid evolution of Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) systems which promise to break the frontiers of conventional architectures and deliver high throughput by employing more than one element at the transmitter (Tx) and receiver (Rx) in order to exploit the spatial domain. This is achieved by transmitting simultaneous data streams from different elements which impinge on the Rx with ideally unique spatial signatures as a result of the propagation paths’ interactions with the surrounding environment. This thesis is oriented to the statistical characterisation and modelling of MIMO systems and particularly of indoor and short-range channels which lend themselves a plethora of modern applications, such as wireless local networks (WLANs), peer-to-peer and vehicular communications. The contributions of the thesis are detailed below. Firstly, an indoor channel model is proposed which decorrelates the full spatial correlation matrix of a 5.2 GHzmeasuredMIMO channel and thereafter assigns the Nakagami-m distribution on the resulting uncorrelated eigenmodes. The choice of the flexible Nakagami-m density was found to better fit the measured data compared to the commonly used Rayleigh and Ricean distributions. In fact, the proposed scheme captures the spatial variations of the measured channel reasonably well and systematically outperforms two known analytical models in terms of information theory and link-level performance. The second contribution introduces an array processing scheme, namely the three-dimensional (3D) frequency domain Space Alternating Generalised Expectation Maximisation (FD-SAGE) algorithm for jointly extracting the dominant paths’ parameters. The scheme exhibits a satisfactory robustness in a synthetic environment even for closely separated sources and is applicable to any array geometry as long as its manifold is known. The algorithm is further applied to the same set of raw data so that different global spatial parameters of interest are determined; these are the multipath clustering, azimuth spreads and inter-dependency of the spatial domains. The third contribution covers the case of short-range communications which have nowadays emerged as a hot topic in the area of wireless networks. The main focus is on dual-branch MIMO Ricean systems for which a design methodology to achieve maximum capacities in the presence of Line-of-Sight (LoS) components is proposed. Moreover, a statistical eigenanalysis of these configurations is performed and novel closed-formulae for the marginal eigenvalue and condition number statistics are derived. These formulae are further used to develop an adaptive detector (AD) whose aim is to reduce the feasibility cost and complexity of Maximum Likelihood (ML)-based MIMO receivers. Finally, a tractable novel upper bound on the ergodic capacity of the above mentioned MIMO systems is presented which relies on a fundamental power constraint. The bound is sufficiently tight and applicable for arbitrary rank of the mean channel matrix, Signal-to-Noise ratio (SNR) and takes the effects of spatial correlation at both ends into account. More importantly, it includes previously reported capacity bounds as special cases.
13

Variable rate transmission over noisy channels

Burger-Scheidlin, Christoph January 2009 (has links)
Hybrid automatic repeat request transmission (hybrid ARQ) schemes aim to provide system reliability for transmissions over noisy channels while still maintaining a reasonably high throughput efficiency by combining retransmissions of automatic repeat requests with forward error correction (FEC) coding methods. In type-II hybrid ARQ schemes, the additional parity information required by channel codes to achieve forward error correction is provided only when errors have been detected. Hence, the available bits are partitioned into segments, some of which are sent to the receiver immediately, others are held back and only transmitted upon the detection of errors. This scheme raises two questions. Firstly, how should the available bits be ordered for optimal partitioning into consecutive segments? Secondly, how large should the individual segments be? This thesis aims to provide an answer to both of these questions for the transmission of convolutional and Turbo Codes over additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN), inter-symbol interference (ISI) and Rayleigh channels. Firstly, the ordering of bits is investigated by simulating the transmission of packets split into segments with a size of 1 bit and finding the critical number of bits, i.e. the number of bits where the output of the decoder is error-free. This approach provides a maximum, practical performance limit over a range of signal-to-noise levels. With these practical performance limits, the attention is turned to the size of the individual segments, since packets of 1 bit cause an intolerable overhead and delay. An adaptive, hybrid ARQ system is investigated, in which the transmitter uses the number of bits sent to the receiver and the receiver decoding results to adjust the size of the first, initial, packet and subsequent segments to the conditions of a stationary channel.
14

Efficient Information Dissemination in Vehicular Networks with Privacy Protection

Cheng, Xiaolu 01 January 2018 (has links)
Vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) is a key component of intelligent transportation System (ITS). In VANETs, vehicles and roadside units exchange information for the purpose of navigation, safe driving, entertainment and so on. The high mobility of vehicles makes efficient and private communications in VANETs a big challenge. Improving the performance of information dissemination while protecting data privacy is studied in this research. Meet-Table based information dissemination method is first proposed, so as to improve the information dissemination, and to efficiently distribute information via utilizing roadside units, Cloud Computing, and Fog Computing. A clustering algorithm is proposed as well, to improve the stability for self-organized cluster-based dissemination in VANETs on highways. Then, fuzzy neural networks are used to improve the stability and security of routing protocols, AODV, and design a novel protocol, GSS-AODV. To further protect data privacy, a multi-antenna based information protection approach for vehicle-to-vehicle(V2V) communications is also proposed.
15

On distributed coding, quantization of channel measurements and faster-than-Nyquist signaling

Liveris, Angelos Dimitriou 12 April 2006 (has links)
This dissertation considers three different aspects of modern digital communication systems and is therefore divided in three parts. The first part is distributed coding. This part deals with source and source- channel code design issues for digital communication systems with many transmitters and one receiver or with one transmitter and one receiver but with side information at the receiver, which is not available at the transmitter. Such problems are attracting attention lately, as they constitute a way of extending the classical point-to-point communication theory to networks. In this first part of this dissertation, novel source and source-channel codes are designed by converting each of the considered distributed coding problems into an equivalent classical channel coding or classical source-channel coding problem. The proposed schemes come very close to the theoretical limits and thus, are able to exhibit some of the gains predicted by network information theory. In the other two parts of this dissertation classical point-to-point digital com- munication systems are considered. The second part is quantization of coded chan- nel measurements at the receiver. Quantization is a way to limit the accuracy of continuous-valued measurements so that they can be processed in the digital domain. Depending on the desired type of processing of the quantized data, different quantizer design criteria should be used. In this second part of this dissertation, the quantized received values from the channel are processed by the receiver, which tries to recover the transmitted information. An exhaustive comparison of several quantization cri- teria for this case are studied providing illuminating insight for this quantizer design problem. The third part of this dissertation is faster-than-Nyquist signaling. The Nyquist rate in classical point-to-point bandwidth-limited digital communication systems is considered as the maximum transmission rate or signaling rate and is equal to twice the bandwidth of the channel. In this last part of the dissertation, we question this Nyquist rate limitation by transmitting at higher signaling rates through the same bandwidth. By mitigating the incurred interference due to the faster-than-Nyquist rates, gains over Nyquist rate systems are obtained.
16

Equalization for discrete multitone transceivers /

Arslan, Güner, January 2000 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Texas at Austin, 2000. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 139-152). Available also in a digital version from Dissertation Abstracts.
17

Collision-based multiple access when the multiplicities of the conflicts are known

Gulko, Eugene. January 1982 (has links)
No description available.
18

Measurement of the time dispersion due to multiple path trajectories in the shallow underwater acoustic channel

Clark, Leah 12 1900 (has links)
No description available.
19

Quantization-noise shaping in predictive video coders

O'Shaughnessey, Richard. January 1980 (has links)
No description available.
20

Serial and parallel concatenated turbo codes /

Ho, Mark Sum Chuen. Unknown Date (has links)
Thesis (PhDTelecommunications)--University of South Australia, 2002.

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