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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

DIVISÃO DE TRABALHO, POLIETISMO TEMPORAL E ASPECTOS DA ATIVIDADE FORRAGEADORA DE Mischocyttarus consimilis Zikán, 1949 (HYMENOPTERA: VESPIDAE)

Torres, Viviana de Oliveira 09 March 2009 (has links)
Made available in DSpace on 2016-02-26T14:53:13Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 VivianaOliveiraTorres.pdf: 1081786 bytes, checksum: 30321dd49a1ad6c2d009f4d8fddc90d2 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2009-03-09 / The objective of this work was to study the castes division of labor in Mischocyttarus consimilis. For elaboration of the behavioral repertoire the observations were accomplished in 21 colonies in natural conditions with 20 hours of qualitative observations and 80 hours of quantitative observations. Thirty behavior acts were identified, of which 23 were executed by queens and 29 by workers and 22 in common. Just the act of to initiation new cells was exclusive of the queen, while the workers presented seven exclusive acts. Through the hybrid multidimensional scaling could be verified that the behaviors of to dominate physically and to request food characterized the queen caste; while the behaviors of: trofalaxis adult-adult, to destroy cells, give alarm, forage prey, forage nectar and failure forager characterized the worker caste. The queen spends more time in the nest executing domination activities, while the workers execute of the related tasks to the maintenance of the colonies / O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a divisão de trabalho entre as castas de Mischocyttarus consimilis. Para elaboração do repertório comportamental da espécie as observações foram realizadas em 21 colônias em condições naturais com 20 horas de observações qualitativas e 80 horas de observações quantitativas. Foram identificados 30 atos comportamentais, sendo que 23 foram executados por rainhas e 29 por operárias, ocorrendo 22 em comum. Apenas o ato de iniciar células novas foi exclusivo da rainha, enquanto as operárias apresentaram sete atos exclusivos. Por meio da ordenação por escalonamento multidimensional híbrido pode-se constatar que os comportamentos de dominar fisicamente e solicitar alimento serviram para caracterizar a casta rainha; enquanto os comportamentos de: trofalaxis adulto-adulto, destruir células, dar alarme, forragear presas, forragear néctar e forrageamento mal-sucedido caracterizaram a casta operária. A rainha permaneceu maior tempo no ninho executando com maior freqüência atividades de dominância, enquanto as operárias executam tarefas ligadas à manutenção da colônia

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