No description available.
Sweeney, A. G.
No description available.
Scott, Richard Anthony
No description available.
Ethanol amine functionalized electrospun nanofibers membrane for the treatment of dyes polluted wastewaterAlAbduljabbar, Fahad A., Haider, S., Alghyamah, A., Haider, A., Khan, R., Almasry, W.A., Patel, Rajnikant, Mujtaba, Iqbal M., Ali, F.A.A. 25 March 2022 (has links)
Yes / This study investigated adsorption kinetics, adsorption equilibrium, and adsorption isotherm of three dyes [i.e., methylene blue (MB), rhodamine-B (RB), and safranin T (ST)] onto polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and ethanolamine (EA) grafted PAN nanofibers (NFs) membranes (EA-g-PAN). The membranes were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and Brunauer–Emmet–Teller (BET). FE-SEM showed a smooth morphology for the NFs before and after grafting, while FT-IR confirmed EA grafting into the nitrile group of PAN. The grafting percentage with no change in the physical nature of the membrane was 12.18%. The nitrogen adsorption–desorption isotherms for PAN and EA-g-PAN NFs membranes were similar and classified as a Type IV according to the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. The surface area, pore-volume, and pore size of the EA-g-PAN increased to 21.36 m2 g−1, 0.16 cm3 g−1, and 304.93 Å, respectively. The pores were cylindrical mesopores with bimodal openings, which means that pores were open at both ends. The adsorption of the MB, RB, and ST dyes onto the PAN and EA-g-PAN NFs membranes leveled off at ~ 60 min. The adsorption kinetics showed good fitting to pseudo-second-order kinetic model and multi-step diffusion process. The order of the dye adsorption was PAN / the Deanship of Scientific Research, King Saud University [RG-1440-060]
PREPARAÇÃO DE CARVÃO ATIVADO A PARTIR DE CASCA DE AMENDOIM PARA USO COMO ADSORVENTE NA REMOÇÃO DE POLUENTES ORGÂNICOS EM SOLUÇÕES AQUOSASGeorgin, Jordana 03 March 2016 (has links)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior / The contamination of water bodies by dye containing effluents is harmful for the environment and human health. In this way, several techniques have been used to remove dyes from colored effluents. Adsorption stands out, due its low-cost, low energy requirements, use of low-cost adsorbents, ease of implementation and operation and high efficiency. In this work, peanut shells were used as adsorbents and as precursors to obtain activated carbon. These materials were characterized and used to remove DB38 (Direct Black 38) and RR141 (Reactive Red 141) dyes from aqueous media. It was found that the best adsorbents to remove both dyes were in the following order: microwave/pyrolyzed activated carbon from peanut shells>pyrolyzed activated carbon from peanut shells>peanut shells. This result demonstrated that the microwave irradiation followed by pyrolysis is an alternative way to produce a material with good adsorbent characteristics. The adsorption was favored at pH of 2.5. For both dyes, the kinetic was successfully represented by the pseudo second order model and the equilibrium, represented by the Langmuir model. Desorption and reuse was possible maintaining the same adsorption capacity. In brief, these results revealed that peanut shells are a good precursor to obtain a suitable adsorbent material able to remove dyes from aqueous media. / A atividade industrial tem contribuído muito para um aumento significativo nas concentrações de corantes em águas, representando uma importante fonte de contaminação dos corpos aquáticos, principalmente quando consideramos que tais íons podem ser disseminados via cadeia alimentar. Devido a estas implicações ambientais, novos processos de remoção e/ou degradação destes compostos em efluentes têxteis têm sido testados, dentre eles a adsorção. O processo de adsorção é uma alternativa potencialmente versátil, acessível e econômica para o tratamento de diversos tipos de efluentes, inclusive os das indústrias têxteis. Objetivou-se neste trabalho desenvolver materiais adsorventes a partir de resíduos agroindustriais para a remoção de poluentes em meio aquoso. Neste estudo foram utilizadas cascas de amendoim como adsorvente e como precursor para a obtenção de carvões, para remoção de poluentes hídricos utilizando soluções de corantes DB38 (Direct Black 38) e RR141(Reactive Red 141) como sistema modelo de contaminante. A partir do estudo adsortivo, verificou-se que o material submetido à irradiação de microondas seguido de pirólise (MW-P), obteve maior capacidade de adsorção de ambos os corantes, principalmente a um pH ácido de 2,5, do que o submetido à pirólise convencional (P). A adsorção dos corantes DB38 e RR141 pela amostra MW-P pode ser representado pelo modelo cinético de pseudo-segunda ordem e o modelo de isoterma de Sips. O adsorvente é possível ser reutilizado mantendo a mesma capacidade de adsorção. Com isso, pode-se concluir que a casa de amendoim pode originar um bom material adsortivo na remoção de corantes a partir de soluções aquosas.
Self-Assembled bridged polysilsesquioxane silica hybrids for dyes removal and controlled ibuprofen drug delivery = Híbridos polisililsesquioxanos auto-arranjados em pontes para remoção de corantes e liberação controlada de ibuprofeno / Híbridos polisililsesquioxanos auto-arranjados em pontes para remoção de corantes e liberação controlada de ibuprofenoFozia, 1980- 25 August 2018 (has links)
Orientador: Pedro Luiz Onófrio Volpe / Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Instituto de Química / Made available in DSpace on 2018-08-25T19:42:54Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Fozia_D.pdf: 5148812 bytes, checksum: 468649b9d5c06383a0fcd0b39c0fc098 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2014 / Resumo: Híbridos polisilsesquioxanos arranjados em pontos, foram sintetizados e caracterizados por análise elementar, espectroscopia de absorção na região do infravermelho, ressonância magnética nuclear no estado sólido, difração de raios X, microscopia eletrônica de varredura e transmissão eletrônica. Os dados de sorção/dessorção de nitrogênio para sílica pura, SBA-15 e os híbridos funcionalizados resultaram na isoterma do tipo IV com histerese do tipo H1. A estrutura da sílica mesoporosa ficou preservada após a pós-funcionalização com cadeias orgânicas. Pos-funcionalização da superfície com amina e outros grupos orgânicos contendo estrutura hidrofóbica, resultou numa diminuição da área da superfície 802,4-63,0 m2g-1 e volume de poros de 0,09 nm e aumento capacidade de carga de ibuprofeno a partir de 18,0 até 29% e um muito lento taxa de liberação ao longo do período de 72,5 h. Para investigar a taxa de liberação e o mecanismo a partir desses materiais híbridos sintetizados, zero-ordem, primeira ordem, Higuchi, Hixson-Crowell, Peppas e Korsmeyer-Peppas modelos cinéticos foram aplicados. Os materiais foram utilizados para a liberação controlada do fármaco ibuprofeno. Estes também foram avaliados quanto à capacidade de remover o corante aniônico azul reativo-15 e o corante catiônico verde brilhante de soluções aquosas. As sílicas modificadas apresentaram alta capacidade de carregamento do fármaco ibuprofeno e de sorção seletiva para o corante azul reativo 15. A sílica não modificada, SBA-15, apresentou alta capacidade de remover o corante verde brilhante. As isotermas de equilíbrio obtidas foram ajustadas aos modelos de Langmuir, Freundlich e Sips e os dados cinéticos foram ajustados aos modelos de pseudo-primeira-ordem e pseudo-segunda-ordem. Os resultados sugerem que os compostos organofuncionalizados de sílica podem ser um método simples, eficiente, barato e conveniente para a liberação controlada de fármacos e também para a remoção eficaz e seletiva de poluentes orgânicos tais como, corantes em soluções aquosas / Abstract: Bridged polysilsesquioxane silica hybrids, synthesized by the combination of SBA-15 type silica with new synthesized silylating agents containing bridged chains, were characterized by elemental analysis, absorption spectroscopy in the infrared region, nuclear magnetic resonance in the solid state, X-ray diffraction, scanning/transmission electron microscopy and thermogravimetry. The sorption/desorption of nitrogen to pure silica, SBA-15 and functionalized hybrids resulted in the isotherms of type IV with type H1 hysteresis. The structure of the precursor mesoporous silica was preserved after post-functionalization with bridged organic bridged chains. The precursor and its derivative silicas were ibuprofen-loaded for controlled delivery in simulated biological fluids. Surface functionalization with amine and other organic groups containing bridged hydrophobic structure resulted in significantly decreased surface area from 802.4 to 63.0 m2g-1 and pore volume to 0.09 nm, which ultimately increased the drug-loading capacity from 18.0 up to 29 % and a very slow release rate of ibuprofen over the period of 72.5 h. To investigate the release rate and mechanism from these synthesized hybrid materials, Zero-order, first-order, Higuchi, Hixson-Crowell and Peppas and Korsmeyer-Peppas kinetic models were applied. The synthesized materials were also evaluated for their ability to remove the anionic dye reactive blue-15 and cationic dye brilliant green from aqueous solutions. The hybrid silica showed selective sorption capacity for the anionic dye, reactive blue 15. The unmodified silica, SBA -15 showed high ability to remove the cationic dye, brilliant green from the aqueous medium. The obtained equilibrium isotherms were fitted to Langmuir, Freundlich and Sips models and the kinetic data were used to fit pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order. The results suggest that the organo-functionalized hybrid silicates could be a simple, efficient, inexpensive and convenient for the controlled release of drugs and for effective and selective removal of organic pollutants such as dyes from the aqueous solutions / Doutorado / Quimica Inorganica / Doutora em Ciências
Butchosa Robles, Núria
Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) are nanoscale fibers of high aspect ratio that can be isolated from a wide variety of cellulosic sources, including wood and bacterial cellulose. With high strength despite of their low density, CNFs are a promising renewable building block for the preparation of nanostructured materials and composites. To fabricate CNF-based materials with improved inherent rheological and mechanical properties and additional new functionalities, it is essential to tailor the surface properties of individual CNFs. The surface structures control the interactions between CNFs and ultimately dictate the structure and macroscale properties of the bulk material. In this thesis we have demonstrated different approaches, ranging from non-covalent adsorption and covalent chemical modification to modification of cellulose biosynthesis, to tailor the structure and surface functionalities of CNFs for the fabrication of advanced materials. These materials possess enhanced properties such as water-redispersibility, water absorbency, dye adsorption capacity, antibacterial activity, and mechanical properties. In Paper I, CNFs were modified via the irreversible adsorption of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC). The adsorption of small amounts of CMC onto the surface of CNFs prevented agglomeration and co-crystallization of the nanofibrils upon drying, and allowed the recovery of rheological and mechanical properties after redispersion of dried CNF samples. In Paper II, CNFs bearing permanent cationic charges were prepared through quaternization of wood pulp fibers followed by mechanical disintegration. The activation of the hydroxyl groups on pulp fibers by alkaline treatment was optimized prior to quaternization. This optimization resulted in individual CNFs with uniform width and tunable cationic charge densities. These cationic CNFs demonstrated ultrahigh water absorbency and high adsorption capacity for anionic dyes. In Paper III, via a similar approach as in Paper II, CNFs bearing polyethylene glycol (PEG) were prepared by covalently grafting PEG to carboxylated pulp fibers prior to mechanical disintegration. CNFs with a high surface chain density of PEG and a uniform width were oriented to produce macroscopic ribbons simply by mechanical stretching of the CNF hydrogel network before drying. The uniform grafted thin monolayer of PEG on the surface of individual CNFs prevented the agglomeration of CNFs and facilitated their alignment upon mechanical stretching, thus resulted in ribbons with ultrahigh tensile strength and modulus. These optically transparent ribbons also demonstrated interesting biaxial light scattering behavior. In Paper IV, bacterial cellulose (BC) was modified by the addition of chitin nanocrystals (ChNCs) into the growing culture medium of the bacteria Acetobacter aceti which secretes cellulose in the form of entangled nanofibers. This led to the in situ incorporation of ChNCs into the BC nanofibers network and resulted in BC/ChNC nanocomposites exhibiting bactericidal activity. Further, blending of BC nanofibers with ChNCs produced nanocomposite films with relatively lower tensile strength and modulus compared to the in situ cultivated ones. The bactericidal activity increased significantly with increasing amount of ChNCs for nanocomposites prepared by direct mixing of BC nanofibers and ChNCs. In Paper V, CNFs were isolated from suspension-cultured wild-type (WT) and cellulose-binding module (CBM) transformed tobacco BY-2 (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv bright yellow) cells. Results from strong sulfuric acid hydrolysis indicated that CNFs from transgenic cells overexpressing CBM consisted of longer cellulose nanocrystals compared to CNFs from WT cells. Nanopapers prepared from CNFs of transgenic cells demonstrated significantly enhanced toughness compared to CNFs of WT cells. / <p>QC 20141103</p> / CARBOMAT
Decolorization of an azo and anthraquinone textile dye by a mixture of living and non-living Trametes versicolor fungusDykstra, Christine M. 01 May 2011 (has links)
Wastewater from the textile industry is difficult to treat effectively due to the prevalent use and wide variety of synthetic dyes that are resistant to conventional treatment methods. White-rot fungi, such as Trametes versicolor, have been found to be effective in decolorizing many of these synthetic dyes and current research is focusing on their application to wastewater treatment. Although numerous studies have been conducted on the ability of both living and nonliving Trametes versicolor to separately decolorize textile dyes, no studies were found to have investigated the use of a mixture of live and dead fungus for decolorization. This study explored potential interactions between live and dead, autoclaved Trametes versicolor biomass in a mixed system by utilizing a series of batch tests with two structurally different synthetic textile dyes. Samples were analyzed by spectrophotometer and compared with controls to determine the effect of any interactions on decolorization. The results of this study indicate that an interaction between living and nonliving biomass occurred that affected the specific dye removal for both Reactive Blue 19, an anthraquinone textile dye, and Reactive Orange 16, an azo textile dye. This interaction was seen to improve the specific dye removal during the first 10-46 hours of experimentation but then diminish the specific dye removal after this period. This effect could be due to hydrophobins, which are surface-active proteins excreted by live fungi that may alter hydrophobicity. Additionally, the presence of adsorptive dead biomass could affect dye contact with degrading enzymes released from the live fungus. By expanding current knowledge of the interactions that take place in a fungal bioreactor and their effect on textile dye decolorization, this research aims to inspire more effective and less costly bioreactor designs for the treatment of textile wastewater.
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