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Placement and routing for reconfigurable systemsStepien, Piotr January 2009 (has links)
Applications using reconfigurable logic have been widely demonstrated to offer better performance over software-based solutions. However, good performance rating is often destroyed by poor reconfiguration latency - time required to reconfigure hardware to perform the new task. Recent research focus on design automation techniques to address reconfiguration latency bottleneck. The contribution to novelty of this thesis is in new placement and routing techniques resulting in minimising reconfiguration latency of reconfigurable systems. This presents a part of design process concerned with positioning and connecting design blocks in a logic gate array. The aim of the research is to optimise the placement and interconnect strategy such that dynamic changes in system functionality can be achieved with minimum delay. A review of previous work in the field is given and the relevant theoretical framework developed. The dynamic reconfiguration problem is analysed for various reconfigurable technologies. Several algorithms are developed and evaluated using a representative set of problem domains to assess their effectiveness. Results obtained with novel placement and routing techniques demonstrate configuration data size reduction leading to significant reconfiguration latency improvements.
Energy-efficient cooperative resource allocation for OFDMAMonteiro, Valdemar Celestino January 2017 (has links)
Energy is increasingly becoming an exclusive commodity in next generation wireless communication systems, where even in legacy systems, the mobile operators operational expenditure is largely attributed to the energy bill. However, as the amount of mobile traffic is expected to double over the next decade as we enter the Next Generation communications era, the need to address energy efficient protocols will be a priority. Therefore, we will need to revisit the design of the mobile network in order to adopt a proactive stance towards reducing the energy consumption of the network. Future emerging communication paradigms will evolve towards Next Generation mobile networks, that will not only consider a new air interface for high broadband connectivity, but will also integrate legacy communications (LTE/LTE-A, IEEE 802.11x, among others) networks to provide a ubiquitous communication platform, and one that can host a multitude of rich services and applications. In this context, one can say that the radio access network will predominantly be OFDMA based, providing the impetus for further research studies on how this technology can be further optimized towards energy efficiency. In fact, advanced approaches towards both energy and spectral efficient design will still dominate the research agenda. Taking a step towards this direction, LTE/LTE-A (Long Term Evolution-Advanced) have already investigated cooperative paradigms such as SON (self-Organizing Networks), Network Sharing, and CoMP (Coordinated Multipoint) transmission. Although these technologies have provided promising results, some are still in their infancy and lack an interdisciplinary design approach limiting their potential gain. In this thesis, we aim to advance these future emerging paradigms from a resource allocation perspective on two accounts. In the first scenario, we address the challenge of load balancing (LB) in OFDMA networks, that is employed to redistribute the traffic load in the network to effectively use spectral resources throughout the day. We aim to reengineer the load-balancing (LB) approach through interdisciplinary design to develop an integrated energy efficient solution based on SON and network sharing, what we refer to as SO-LB (Self-Organizing Load balancing). Obtained simulation results show that by employing SO-LB algorithm in a shared network, it is possible to achieve up to 15-20% savings in energy consumption when compared to LTE-A non-shared networks. The second approach considers CoMP transmission, that is currently used to enhance cell coverage and capacity at cell edge. Legacy approaches mainly consider fundamental scheduling policies towards assigning users for CoMP transmission. We build on these scheduling approaches towards a cross-layer design that provide enhanced resource utilization, fairness, and energy saving whilst maintaining low complexity, in particular for broadband applications.
Knowledge based methodologies for planning and operation of distribution systemAnanthapadmanabha, T 05 1900 (has links)
Knowledge based methodologies
Behavioural simulation of mixed analogue/digital circuitsLong, David Ian January 1996 (has links)
Continuing improvements in integrated circuit technology have made possible the implementation of complex electronic systems on a single chip. This often requires both analogue and digital signal processing. It is essential to simulate such IC's during the design process to detect errors at an early stage. Unfortunately, the simulators that are currently available are not well-suited to large mixed-signal circuits. This thesis describes the design and development of a new methodology for simulating analogue and digital components in a single, integrated environment. The methodology represents components as behavioural models that are more efficient than the circuit models used in conventional simulators. The signals that flow between models are all represented as piecewise-linear (PWL) waveforms. Since models representing digital and analogue components use the same format to represent their signals, they can be directly connected together. An object-oriented approach was used to create a class hierarchy to implement the component models. This supports rapid development of new models since all models are derived from a common base class and inherit the methods and attributes defined in their parentc lassesT. he signal objectsa re implementedw ith a similar class hierarchy. The development and validation of models representing various digital, analogue and mixed-signal components are described. Comparisons are made between the accuracy and performance of the proposed methodology and several commercial simulators. The development of a Windows-based demonstrations imulation tool called POISE is also described. This permitted models to be tested independently and multiple models to be connected together to form structural models of complex circuits.
Simulation and analytical performance studies of generic atm switch fabricsBurton, Nigel John January 1993 (has links)
As technology improves exciting new services such as video phone become possible and economically viable but their deployment is hampered by the inability of the present networks to carry them. The long term vision is to have a single network able to carry all present and future services. Asynchronous Transfer Mode, ATM, is the versatile new packet -based switching and multiplexing technique proposed for the single network. Interest in ATM is currently high as both industrial and academic institutions strive to understand more about the technique. Using both simulation and analysis, this research has investigated how the performance of ATM switches is affected by architectural variations in the switch fabric design and how the stochastic nature of ATM affects the timing of constant bit rate services. As a result the research has contributed new ATM switch performance data, a general purpose ATM switch simulator and analytic models that further research may utilise and has uncovered a significant timing problem of the ATM technique. The thesis will also be of interest and assistance to anyone planning on using simulation as a research tool to model an ATM switch.
Spatial power combiners using transmit and reflect arraysSong, H. J. Unknown Date (has links)
No description available.
Liquid level measurement using a coplanar transmission linePink, Clive Desmond January 1988 (has links)
Bibliography: leaves 93-94. / The coplanar line has been used very successfully as an element in microwave circuits. Small size, high Q-factor, and accurate reproduction, are some of its many advantages. The coplanar transmission lines discussed in this report, are targeted at liquid level measurement, and are typically 30 cm. long. Their operating frequencies are consequently much lower than those of microwave coplanar waveguides, but they have common advantages. The factor which separates the coplanar line from similar liquid level sensors, is that it makes use of the electrical component of the electromagnetic fringe field, setup between its inner conductor, and the surrounding ground plane. The line is effectively a sharply tuned resonator, incorporated as the frequency controlling element of an electronic oscillator. The output frequency falls as a dielectric material penetrates the fringe field. An impressive sensitivity is accomplished by using very thin conductors, thereby ensuring that the fringe field energy is maximised. The most important feature of this sensor is its ability to operate non-intrusively when used with non-conducting vessels, or if employed in a metal tank, the unit can be encased in a dielectric material where the line is non-contacting (the liquid does not penetrate the unit). This combined with its excellent mechanical and electrical stability, and an accuracy better than 1 percent, makes the coplanar line a strong competitor in the field of liquid level measurement. The research began with a theoretical approach, and used lines machined from an Aluminium plate for characteristic impedance measurement. An empirical relation between the gap width, the line thickness, and the characteristic impedance of the line is presented. To assist with the design of the sensor, a lumped capacitance model of the line was developed. Various geometries were tested, and modified until a near linear response to water level was achieved. An advanced engineering model of the level sensor has been developed, which incorporates a stable digital output display, user calibration from the line's end points, and temperature compensation. A T-shaped line, which concentrates the field around its open end, was used for other applications such as, evaporation monitoring, measurement of slurry settlement, and to observe the effect of acids, bases, and salts in water. Various applications of the different coplanar line designs are proposed.
Development of a real-time automatic network analyzer measurement systemMurray, James John January 1989 (has links)
This thesis concerns itself with the development of a real-time automatic Network Analyzer measurement system based on Hewlett Packard's manual HP8410C. The major limitation in non real-time systems is the time required to perform a measurement. Real-time systems have greater measurement speed than their non real-time counterparts, but are also generally less accurate. The main objectives of the thesis are to survey literature on high frequency measurements, to develop hardware and software for a real-time Analyzer and to perform tests with the system.
The development of an ultrasonic Doppler bed-load velocimeterLazarus, Mark Doron January 1989 (has links)
Includes bibliography. / A instrument has been developed for measuring the velocity of solid particles adjacent to the pipe wall in a solids-liquid pipeline. It has been based on the Doppler shift principle and employs ultrasonic methods for detecting the bed-load particle velocity. Its application is in the mining industry for measuring the bed-load velocity of high concentration slurries such as in tailings and backfill hydraulic pipelines. Analyses have been conducted to investigate methods for increasing the accuracy of detecting the bed-load particle velocity. These methods have been implemented in the design of the transducer and the electronic circuitry. The system was tested using a simulation test-rig, hydraulic test-loops and at two industrial mining locations.
An investigation into path analysis for line-of-sight microwave radioGale, David James January 1989 (has links)
Includes bibliography. / An investigation into the analysis of Digital Microwave Radio Paths was conducted. The causes and effects of multipath fading on the propagation of microwave signals are of particular interest here. A study is made of the theory of link engineering, including an examination of fading and distortion, and the instrumentation used in the analysis of link performance. Multipath fading, the different categories, as well as the causes and effects thereof, are reviewed. The Tellurometer Method of distance measurement is described and its suitability to path analysis discussed.
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