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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

The effect of the surfactant hydrophilic groups and concentration of electrolyte in an internal aqueous phase on the interfacial interactions and rheology of highly concentrated emulsions

Kovalchuk, Karina January 2012 (has links)
Thesis (MTech (Chemical Engineering))--Cape Peninsula University of Technology, 2012. / Emulsion explosives are classified as highly concentrated Water-in-Oil emulsions with an internal phase volume fraction of approximately 94%, i.e. far beyond the close packing limit of spherical droplets of 74%. These emulsions are thermodynamically unstable compounds and their instability is related to the crystallisation in the dispersed phase, which is a supersaturated solution of ammonium nitrate salt in water. This presents a problem, because the emulsion weakens or becomes unstable, which results in droplet crystallisation, so that the explosive generally loses at least some of its sensitivity to detonation. Considerable effort has been applied to the improvement of emulsion stability by explosive manufacturers, but important aspects such as the effect of salt and surfactant content/type in emulsions are not fully understood and described in the literature. The purpose of this study was to investigate these shortcomings and to focus on the effect of surfactant nature and concentration and electrolyte concentration/type on the interfacial properties and interactions in emulsion explosives. Interfacial properties (interfacial tension and interfacial elasticity), thermal behaviour (freezing temperatures) of emulsions and rheological aspects (viscoelastic and flow properties) were investigated in terms of surfactant-electrolyte interactions.

Microbial spoilage of orimulsion

Barnes, S. P. January 1995 (has links)
No description available.

Flow induced phase inversion emulsification

Kazeem, Akintunde January 1999 (has links)
No description available.

Oil-in-water emulsions for intravenous drug delivery

West, P. E. January 1988 (has links)
No description available.

Design of emulsion-based adjuvants for animal vaccines

Burakova, Yulia January 1900 (has links)
Doctor of Philosophy / Department of Chemical Engineering / John R. Schlup / Jishu N. Shi / Vaccination is one of the most essential steps in controlling and preventing economically important infectious diseases in livestock. Vaccines need to be effective at producing a high level of immune responses that protect the animal from future encounters with infectious agents. Additional requirements for veterinary vaccines include safety, inexpensive components, and feasibility for large-scale production. These factors make emulsions attractive vaccine adjuvants. The use of emulsions as adjuvants (substances that help to amplify the immune responses to the antigen) has been explored for decades. However, emulsions are commonly produced with expensive and energy-demanding devices which impact the price of the adjuvant, therefore, affecting the price of the vaccines. This study examined low-energy emulsification methods to meet the requirements for a simple and low-cost vaccine manufacture that avoided utilizing complicated equipment. Spontaneous emulsification (SE) and phase inversion composition (PIC) was explored to formulate stable emulsions with nanometer droplet sizes. The study on the impact of oil composition on the formation of emulsions produced by SE revealed that addition of medium-chain triglycerides into the oil phase is beneficial for droplet size reduction and stability of emulsions. Box-Behnken design (BBD) was used to develop mathematical relationships between formulation variables and droplet size, polydispersity, zeta potential, and stability of emulsions formulated via SE. The BBD allowed the study of a simultaneous effect of multiple variables and formulate emulsions with certain physical characteristics, an effect that suggested that there was a more effective approach in designing complex systems like emulsions. New adjuvants containing mixtures of oils and surfactants were developed to produce emulsions with nanoscale droplet diameters and multiple water-in-oil-in-water structures via the PIC approach. The strong antibody responses and the absence of injection site side effects were observed in animals that received emulsion vaccines with experimental adjuvants. Additionally, inexpensive food-grade saponin extract was examined for stabilizing and increasing immunostimulatory activity of oil-in-water emulsion-based adjuvants. The adjuvants demonstrated high immune responses in pigs after co-administration with a subunit protein antigen.

Hyperfragment decays in photographic emulsions

Robinson, Donald Keith January 1960 (has links)
No description available.

Effect of high shearing on rheological/structural properties of highly concentrated w/o emulsions /

Yakhoub, Hamat Abderrahmane. January 2009 (has links)
Thesis (MTech (Chemical Engineering))--Cape Peninsula University of Technology, 2009. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 179-194). Also available online.

Spray-dried o/w-emulsions for oral delivery of poorly soluble drugs /

Hansen, Tue. January 2004 (has links)

An investigation of the spurious scattering of high energy particles in nuclear emulsion

Jones, James Jordan, 1938- January 1963 (has links)
No description available.

Photographic grain noise suppression by density quantization: its influence on image quality

Hoffman, Robert Stocking, 1944- January 1975 (has links)
No description available.

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