Coping in health and illness : the role of traditional and contemporary health beliefs in a Chinese community /Tang, Cheuck-wing. January 2000 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hong Kong, 2000. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 179-194).
Examining gender differentials in health the impacts of education, employment, and family roles in Taiwan /Fan, Gang-Hua, January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Texas at Austin, 2007. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references.
Diss. Stockholm : Karol. inst.
Metatheoretical constructs : implications for health and illness definition preference and health related behaviors / Subtitle on approval sheet, spine: Implications for health and illness definition preference and health behaviorsPoppe, Leslie Dean January 1995 (has links)
Metatheoretical constructs are believed to be philosophical commitments that affect a variety of areas in an individual's life. This study was designed to investigate two questions. First, do individuals subscribe to personal definitions of health and illness because they are committed to different philosophical and epistemological positions. Second, does an individual's personal definition of health and illness predict the frequency of health and illness related behaviors.Two studies were conducted to investigate these questions. In the first, 102 undergraduate subjects expressed a preference for one of three possible definitions of health and illness. Further, these definitions were shown to predict rates of health and illness behaviors. In the second, 72 nursing professionals also selected one of the three definitions of health and illness. A combination of health and illness definition, and personal worldview were shown to strongly predict an individual's frequency of engaging in health and illness behaviors.These data suggest that individuals have personal preferences for defining health and illness. - Further, their health and illness definition, plus personal worldview, reliably predicts health and illness behavior frequency. These results have implications for health psychology research and practice. / Department of Counseling Psychology and Guidance Services
No description available.
Self-esteem is an important construct in psychiatric disorders. We hypothesize that in patients with first onset of a psychotic disorder, self-esteem will be associated with outcome and it will, in turn, be influenced by early life experiences. Methods: The Self-Esteem Rating Scale, The Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), the Measure of Parental Style (MOPS) and The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) were administered to individuals with first-episode psychosis. Symptoms and the GAF were assessed at entry to the program and at six months. Results: Self-esteem was positively correlated with the GAF, but not with remission status at six months. Self-esteem was negatively correlated with the PBI Overprotection, MOPS Overcontrol and Abuse subscales, in relation to mothers and also negatively with Emotional Neglect, Emotional Abuse and Sexual Abuse subscales of the CTQ. Conclusion: Self-esteem influences outcome in early psychosis and is in turn, influenced by early life experiences. This may have implications for designing special interventions to improve outcome. / L'estime de soi est un élément important dans le développement de troubles psychiatriques. Nous posons l'hypothèse que chez les patients présentant des signes avant-coureurs de trouble psychotique, l'estime de soi sera associée avec le pronostic et elle sera en retour influencée par les expériences en début de vie.Méthode: L'échelle de mesure de l'estime de soi (The Self-Esteem Rating Scale), la mesure sur l'attachement parental (PBI), l'instrument de mesure sur le style d'attachement (MOPS) et le questionnaire des traumatismes de l'enfance (CTQ) ont été administrés aux individus confrontés à un premier épisode psychotique. Les symptômes et le niveau de fonctionnement global (GAF) ont été évalués à l'entrée du programme et six mois plus tard.Résultats: L'estime de soi était corrélée positivement avec le GAF, mais elle n'était pas corrélée avec le statut de rémission à six mois. L'estime de soi était négativement corrélée avec la surprotection du PBI, les échelles de surcontrôle et d'abus du MOPS, en relation avec les mères. L'estime de soi était aussi négativement corrélée avec les échelles de négligence émotionnelle, d'abus émotionnel et sexuel du CTQ.Conclusion: L'estime de soi influence le pronostic de psychoses précoces et, en retour, elle est influencée par les premières expériences de vie. Ceci pourrait avoir des implications afin de développer des interventions spécialisées améliorant le pronostic.
Les problèmes émotionnels chez les enfants réfugiés d'âge scolaire : cadre de présentation et facteurs associésRousseau, Cécile January 1993 (has links)
This research has two objectives. First, mental health problems among refugee children were studied in terms of the intensity and the form of the symptomatology, and in terms of school performance. Second, the characteristics of the refugee process which influence the manifestation of these problems were identified as specific stressors stemming from the pre-migratory and post-migratory experiences of the refugees. / The research was conducted among 156 refugee children, born in Southeast Asia and Central America. The methodology was based on both quantitative and qualitative approaches. / Results indicate that the manifestation of emotional problems and the principal risk and protection factors vary greatly as a function of the ethnic origin of the subjects; this seems to be secondary to the interaction of specific cultural and contextual variables. / This heterogeneity of the refugee children population put into question the strategies put forward by the schools and the health services for the detection and prevention of mental health problems in these children.
The objectives of this research are to assess the impact of prenatal courses on the birthweight of newborns, and on two intermediate variables: cigarette consumption and maternal weight gain during pregnancy. / Ninety-eight per cent (98%) of primiparous women giving birth in one of four Montreal hospitals during the nine-month study period, completed a questionnaire during their postpartum stay in hospital. Medical data on mothers and newborns were extracted from the medical records. / Women who participated in prenatal courses were of higher socioeconomic status than nonparticipants. An analysis of covariance showed that prenatal courses did not affect: the mean birthweight of newborns, the proportion of women who gained less than 20 pounds (9.1 kilos) during pregnancy, and cigarette consumption during the last five months of pregnancy. The results were consistent regardless of the > of the prenatal course which was measured by it duration, content, and trimester of enrolment in the prenatal course. / Prenatal courses did not affect the birthweight of newborns or cigarette consumption during pregnancy in women at higher risk for have low birthweight babies. Although prenatal courses did reduce by half the proportion of these higher risk women who gained less than 20 pounds, the result is of little importance since birthweight was not affected. / From a community health perspective, prenatal courses are not appropriate interventions to increase the mean birthweight of newborns. The apparent effect of prenatal courses on the birthweight of newborns is eliminated after adjusting for confounding variables. It is important to adjust for confounding variables when evaluating prenatal courses. The analysis of co-variance is an appropriate analytic technique to perform this adjustment.
Goulet, Lise, 1953-
The objective of this research was to study the relationship between stillbirth and chemical exposure of pregnant workers. / A case control study was conducted among women working in three sectors: Health, Personal services and Agriculture, and Manufacturing industries. Two hundred and twenty-seven (227) stillbirths aged 20 weeks of gestation or more, were matched to two hundred and twenty-seven (227) livebirths, for mother's age, gravidity and socio-economic status. Chemicals were divided into ten (10) groups. Exposure was assessed by visits to the workplaces, telephone calls or extrapolations. Conditional logistic regression analyses were done. / Women working as hairdressers-beauticians$ sp+$ (O.R. 0,01 (0,00-0,34)) and those working in the garment industry* (O.R. 0,24 (0,08-0,77)) had significantly less stillbirths while women working in metal-electrical-chemical industries* (O.R. 5,11 (0,99-26,37)) had a significant excess of stillbirth. Exposure to pesticides/germicides, irrespective of the level or frequency$ sp+$ (O.R. 2,06 (1,15-3,68)), and occasional exposure to "miscellaneous" chemicals (other chemicals potentially fetotoxic)* (O.R. 12,07 (1,22-119,9)) showed a significant increased risk of stillbirth while exposure to a low level of metals$ sp+$ (O.R. 0,28(0,10-0,83)) showed a significantly lower risk of stillbirth. / Leatherworkers* (O.R. 2,59 (0,47-14,33)), women working in the textile industry$ sp+$ (O.R. 2,55 (0,42-15,41)), agricultural workers* (O.R. 3,88 (0,47-31,88)), women exposed to a moderate (2) level of metals$ sp+$ (O.R. 2,32 (0,59-9,10)) and those exposed to a high (3) level of solvents$ sp+$ (O.R. 2,49 (0,47-13,30)) had a non significant (P $>$ 0,05) increased risk of stillbirth. / The author proposes that ergonomic factors could be a confounder of the association between stillbirth and exposure to pesticides/germicides or metals. A study looking more closely at the association between stillbirth and ergonomic factors is therefore suggested. Because exposure of pregnant workers to elevated levels of chemicals is quite rare, further epidemiological studies should include more subjects. ftn$ sp+$: stillbirths aged 20 weeks of gestation or more. ftn*: stillbirths aged 28 weeks of gestation or more.
Wood Dauphinee, Sharon.
A study was conducted to determine the effects of interdisciplinary team care on acute hospitalized stroke patients. After obtaining baseline process and outcome information on 42 stroke victims who received traditional care in a general hospital, 130 stroke patients were stratified and randomly assigned to a Traditional or a Team care group. Assessments by independent evaluators, permitted comparisons between Team and Traditional groups with reference to patient survival, motor and functional abilities. Data obtained from charts and treatment logs allowed the care process across groups to be compared. Results demonstrated that Team and Traditional patients fared similarly in survival and motor performance but Team patients achieved significantly better functional outcomes. As well more Team patients received rehabilitation services and these were provided earlier in the hospital stay. Team input was considered to be a contributing factor in promoting superior functional performance among Team patients.
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