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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

The relationship of illness representation and self-care behaviors to health-related quality of life in older individuals with heart failure

Voelmeck, Wayne Francis 28 August 2008 (has links)
Not available / text

Nurse-delivered stage-matched smoking cessation intervention for cardiac patients: a randomized controlledtrial

Chan, Chung-Chi, Sabrina., 陳頌慈. January 2004 (has links)
published_or_final_version / abstract / toc / Nursing Studies / Master / Master of Philosophy

The qualitative generation of wellness motivation theory

Derenowski, Julie Margaret January 1990 (has links)
No description available.

Coping with ischaemic heart disease : views and experiences of key participants, their partners and medical practitioners.

Vahed, Roxana Ismail. 02 December 2013 (has links)
Ischaemic heart disease (IHD), which is a Chronic Disease of Lifestyle, has been rated as one of the key illnesses that have progressively materialised as a threat across the wide demographic spectrum of South Africa’s population. Internationally, literature is relatively scarce on the psychosocial consequences of the disease for the ill person, but limited information does exist on these consequences as they affect South African individuals and their families. This study sought firstly to understand the experience of persons with IHD, their partners and medical practitioners and secondly how they coped with the illness. Participants were selected with the assistance of cardiologists at a private hospital in KwaZulu-Natal. Theoretical sampling determined the number of persons who participated in the study. Data was collected using in-depth interviews in accordance with the qualitative descriptive design and narrative inquiry that underpinned the research. Participants (13) were determined once data-saturation was reached. The data revealed that spousal support and religion/spirituality played important roles in helping people manage the illness. Genetics and lifestyle choices contributed to participants’ IHD. Not recognising their symptoms, owing to misinformation by the medical fraternity, contributed to participants not realising they were having a heart attack. Religious/spiritual coping mechanisms were among those mentioned by participants, and depression (not clinically assessed), anxiety and sadness were noted among the consequences for them. Two of the cardiologists did not acknowledge depression; nevertheless research studies have linked depression with major cardiac attacks and to surgery following cardiac problems. The data points to the lack of communication between participants and their health practitioners and the belief held by participants that the medical personnel were not particularly interested in their psychosocial wellbeing. This seems to be borne out by the limited data obtained from health practitioners. Social workers can play important roles in the health team by ensuring that the psychosocial needs of persons experiencing IHD and their families are attended to. Social workers can publish in health journals to make the medical fraternity aware of the contribution that social workers skills can make to persons who are ill. / Thesis (M.A.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, 2012.

The effects of knowledge and attitude toward computer assisted instruction on patient education of cardiac risk factors

Royce-Richmond, Judy Elaine January 1990 (has links)
This study assessed differences in the knowledge of cardiac risk factors and the attitude toward computer assisted instruction (CAI) in cardiac rehabilitation patients instructed by lecture and transparencies or CAI. The quasi-experimental two-group posttest design used a convenience sample of 30 volunteers enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitation program. After randomization, cardiac risk factor instruction was conducted via lecture or the investigator developed CAI. The subjects completed a knowledge instrument which demonstrated content validity and a Kuder-Richardson formula 20 reliability coefficient of .0 and the Attitude Toward CAI scale which demonstrated content validity and a Cronbach's alpha .853 and .759. The data were analyzed by the two-sample t-test utilizing the .05 probability level. The results indicated a nonsignificant t value of .00 (df 28, p = 1.00) in the knowledge scores and a nonsignificant t value of 2.00 (df 28, p = .05) in attitude scores therefore the results failed to reject both null hypotheses. The conclusions drawn from this study are that CAI was as effective as lecture for patient education and that attitudes toward CAI were favorable. / School of Nursing

The effect of a self-directed lifestyle change programme on cardiac patients

Venter, Hendrik J. 11 February 2014 (has links)
D.Litt. et Phil. (Psychology) / Over the past four decades we have witnessed the emergence of amazingly sophisticated means of cardiovascular diagnosis and therapy. For the first time in many years, some Western countries could report a decline in cardiovascular deaths. During this same span of years we have witnessed the remarkable development of an array of technological achievements that include the means for invasive diagnostic procedure such as cardiac catherization, and non-invasive methods of echocardiography, magnetic, radio-isotopic and positron imagery which provide detailed diagnostic and prognostic information. This innovations along with synthetic grafts have permitted surgical interventions that would not have been conceivable at the outset of this cardiovascular odyssey. Another major advance has been the appearance of new pharmacological modalities; the diuretics, the beta-adrenergic receptors and angiotension converting enzyme inhibitors, the calcium antagonists and other anti-hypersensitive agents, a spectrum of antiarrhythmic compounds, anticoagulants and fibrinolytic therapy, and the promise of still more innovative and novel modes of therapy which will appear via genetic engineering. Over the past years there has been equally significant development in the area of cardiovascular epidemiology. These advances include the demonstration of validity and the efficacy of various therapeutic programmes by the unique development of complex multi-center trials, as well as long-term population-based studies. Through this endeavours specific risk factors that impart independent risk ofpremature cardiovascular morbidity and mortality has been identified. Some of these risk factors are clearly not modifiable such as advancing years, male gender and race. Others are at least partly modifiable: predisposition to diabetes myelitis and increased body mass. By virtue of multi-center trials we have clear evidence that cigarette smoking, rising systolic and diastolic arterial pressures, serum cholesterol levels, and diabetes are modifiable. It is a known fact that not all individuals with coronary artery disease are cured by medication or by means of a surgical intervention. In addition to this, the reduction of traditional biomedical risk factors have been shown to be insufficient in averting the reocclusion and the further occlusion of coronary arteries in patient populations.

The use of echocardiography in predicting left ventricle thrombus in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy at Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital

Ferreira Dos Santos, Claudia Marisa Goncalves 21 January 2013 (has links)
Submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Masters in Technology: Cardiology, Durban University of Technology, 2012. / Cardiomyopathies and their resultant heart failure (HF) remain a major cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality (Wood and Picard, 2004). Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCMO) is a primary myocardial disease of unknown cause, characterized by left ventricular (LV) or biventricular dilatation and impaired myocardial contractility. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCMO), along with rheumatic heart disease and hypertension (HPT), is one of the leading causes of HF in Africa. In fact, in an epidemiology study of 884 patients in Soweto, IDCMO was the second major cause of HF. Thirty five percent of patients in the study, with HF, had IDCMO (Sliwa, Damasceno, Mayosi, 2005). Methodology: Patients referred to the cardiomyopathy (CMO) clinic at Chris Hani Baragwanath hospital, situated in the echocardiographic lab, were recruited, provided they satisfied the exclusion and inclusion criteria and were enrolled after obtaining voluntary informed consent. From May 2009 to September 2010, 70 patients with IDCMO were recruited for this trial. Patients with DCMO were identified by means of echocardiographic criteria which included a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of less than 45% and an end diastolic dimension (EDD) of greater than of 52 mm (2D in long parasternal axis). Results: In the present study the prevalence of left ventricular (LV) thrombus in patients with IDCMO was 18.6%. When using Univariate logistic regression, the only independent predictors of LV thrombus formation was LVEF and age. However, when multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to the data, the only predictor with a significant association was age. The reason for this is not clear. It is postulated that perhaps younger patients have differences in the pathophysiology of their disease such as a greater smoldering inflammatory component which may therefore predispose them to thrombus formation. For example the presence of IL-6 may be important in the formation of LV clot in cases of LV dysfunction (Sosin, Bhatia, Davis, Lip, 2003). The association between LVEF and LV thrombus was borderline significant. Conclusion: The prevalence of LV thrombus formation in this cohort of patients with IDCMO was 18.6%. Echocardiographic parameters alone cannot predict which patients are more likely to develop thrombus formation. / National Research Foundation / M

An experimental study to evaluate the effect of planned teaching on self-medication practices of older ambulatory cardiac patients

Goodman, Gertrude Warkentin January 1972 (has links)
This experimental study was designed to evaluate the effect of planned teaching on the self-medication practices of ambulatory cardiac patients. The sample was composed of forty male and female cardiac patients who were over the age of forty-five years, who lived at home and were of low socio-economic status. They all lived in a large urban centre and attended an outpatient clinic for medical attention. All were taking digoxin and thirty-six, 18 from each group, were also taking a diuretic. They were randomly assigned to two groups, experimental and control, when they visited the outpatient clinic. The twenty patients in the control group were given the usual routine factual information during their clinic visit. The twenty patients in the experimental group received additional planned teaching over a thirty-minute period by the researcher. The data were gathered by means of a twenty-item questionnaire designed to elicit information regarding the self-medication behavior of the study population. The questionnaire was administered in the homes of the patients ten to fourteen days following their visit to the outpatient clinic. Three hypotheses were tested in the study. Analysis of the data in relation to Hypothesis I indicated a statistically significant difference in the number of self-medication errors in digoxin and diuretics made in a twenty-four-hour period by patients in the experimental group as compared with the control group. The experimental group made significantly fewer errors. Although patients in the experimental group made fewer errors of the four types of errors studied with regard to Hypothesis II, there was not a statistically significant difference in errors related to time, dosage and non-prescribed medications made in a twenty-four-hour period by patients in the experimental group as compared with the control group. There was, however, a statistically significant difference in the fourth type of error--that of omission. The testing of Hypothesis III showed a statistically significant difference in the level of knowledge of the two groups of patients. The experimental group had a higher level of knowledge of their medications. The study concludes with consideration of implications for nursing practice and research. / Applied Science, Faculty of / Nursing, School of / Graduate

A comparison of cardiac rehabilitation, social support, and stress management training in coronary artery bypass graft patients

Hill, Dana Robin 01 January 1982 (has links)
An experiment was conducted to investigate three different treatment strategies in the rehabilitation of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients. Fifteen CABG patients were randomly assigned to one of three training groups: an outpatient cardiac rehabilitation exercise group (which met three times per week for three months); a second group which participated in weekly stress management training for seven weeks in addition to the cardiac rehabilitation exercise sessions; and a third group which participated in a weekly discussion on social support in addition to the exercise sessions. The groups were compared (pre- and post training) on the following physiological dependent measures: systolic and diastolic blood pressure, mean heart rate, cholesterol, triglycerides, high density lipoproteins, and the cholesterol/high density lipoprotein ratio. Psychological self-report measures included: the Beck Depression Inventory, the Spielberger State/Trait Anxiety Index, the Jenkins Activity Survey, and the Hassles and Uplifts Questionnaire. The Structured Interview was given to each patient prior to training only. It was predicted that the group trained in stress management and exercise would show the most positive changes on physiological and psychological dependent measures compared to the other two groups. The results indicated no significant pre/post differences on any of the variables for any of the groups. Thus, the additional components of stress management training and the social support discussion group did not appear to effect more positive change in those patients compared to those who participated in exercise only. Findings may have been influenced by several factors including a small N in each group and large within group variability. Suggestions for future research are discussed.

Prediction of oxygen consumption during exercise testing in apparently healthy subjects and coronary artery disease patients

Rice, Thomas H. January 1986 (has links)
The American College of Sports Medicine has published formulae that are widely used to predict functional aerobic capacity for any treadmill speed and grade combination. However, it has been demonstrated that these formulae overpredict oxygen consumption (V̇O₂) for patients with coronary artery disease as well as for apparently healthy individuals. To study this, we measured V̇O₂, ventilation (V̇<sub>E</sub>), and respiratory exchange ratio (R) responses in 21 apparently healthy subjects (AH) and 16 coronary artery diseased subjects (CAD) during a modified Balke protocol. Modification of the protocol consisted of extending the stage time from two minutes to three minutes at the higher intensities to allow a greater time for a physiological steady-state to occur. The attainment of a steady-state may lead to the reduction of or the elimination of prediction errors. No differences were observed between two and three minute VO₂ responses at maximal and submaximal exercise for either group. At peak exercise, the AH group was significantly (P≤.05) different from the CAD group when compared for heart rate (164±2.6 vs 140±4.8 bts•min⁻¹ ), V̇O₂ (33.3±1.1 vs 26.7±2.3 ml•kg⁻¹•min⁻¹), and total treadmill time (9.9±.33 vs 8.1±.54 min). At submaximal exercise, V̇O₂ responses were also significantly (p≤.05) greater for the AH group when compared to the CAD group (26.6±.95 vs 21.9±1.8 ml•kg⁻¹•min⁻¹). No significant differences were observed for RPE and blood lactate at peak exercise and V̇<sub>E</sub> and R responses at submaximal or peak exercise between the two groups. Predicted values for peak V̇O₂ were significantly (p≤.05) higher than measured values (33.3±1.1 vs 38.8±1.1 ml•kg⁻¹•min⁻¹) and (26.7±2.3 vs 34.1±1.7 ml•kg⁻¹•min⁻¹) for the AH and CAD groups, respectively. However, no significant differences were noted between predicted and measured V̇O₂ responses at submaximal exercise for either group. Individuals classified as Type A were not significantly different from classified Type B individuals when compared for the cardio-respiratory variables measured. These data demonstrate that the ACSM prediction formulae significantly overpredict V̇O₂ for both AH and CAD subjects at maximal treadmill intensities. However, at submaximal intensities, these prediction formulae are acceptable for both groups of subjects. Furthermore, these data suggest that two minutes per stage allows sufficient time for physiological steady-state to occur at clearly submaximal intensities. Although at the higher intensities, extending the stage time beyond two minutes may be indicated. / M.S.

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