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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
21

Multistatic radar imaging of moving targets

Ng Chee Yong. January 2009 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.S. in Combat Systems Technology)--Naval Postgraduate School, December 2009. / Thesis Advisor(s): Borden, Brett H. Second Reader: Pace, Phillip E. "December 2009." Description based on title screen as viewed on January 26, 2010. Author(s) subject terms: Radar imaging, moving targets, point spread function, ambiguity function. Includes bibliographical references (p.69). Also available in print.
22

Wireless IR image transfer system for autonomous vehicles /

Ata, Ali. January 2003 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.S. in Applied Physics)--Naval Postgraduate School, December 2003. / Thesis advisor(s): Gamani Karunasiri, Richard M. Harkins. Includes bibliographical references (p. 31). Also available online.
23

Contrast enhancement for tone-mapped high dynamic range images /

Yip, Ka Yue. January 2009 (has links)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 64-66).
24

Studies on surface-assisted laser desorption/ionization and its analytical application in imaging mass spectrometry

Tang, Ho-wai., 鄧浩維. January 2011 (has links)
Surface-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry (SALDI-MS) is an analytical technique enabling direct chemical analysis of solid samples. Analytes could be desorbed/ionized upon nitrogen laser irradiation from a SALDI substrate-coated sample, then analyzed by MS. The substrate is involved in the transfer of laser energy to the analytes, and eventually assists the desorption/ionization of analytes. The analytical performance of SALDI-MS, such as detection sensitivity, is dependent on different parameters of the substrate, such as size, morphology and form. In this thesis, the effects of several substrate parameters on the SALDI process were investigated. SALDI-MS based Imaging Mass Spectrometry (IMS) method was also developed using efficient SALDI substrate identified in the fundamental studies. IMS is a chemical-specific mapping technique which allows parallel mapping of multiple analytes in solid samples. The desorption mechanism of SALDI is investigated using two groups of substrate, the carbon allotropes and the noble metal nanoparticles. Ion desorption efficiency and internal energy transfer were probed and correlated in carbon-based SALDI. It was found that the ion desorption efficiency and internal energy transfer was in opposite order. Substrate that transferred more internal energy to ions did not show higher ion desorption efficiency. This result could not be explained by the Thermal Desorption model which was a generally believed mechanism of the SALDI desorption process. A non-thermal model, the Phase Transition model is proposed to account for the SALDI desorption process. The Phase Transition model suggests that the substrate is melted/ restructured upon laser irradiation, and this will assist ion desorption. The Phase Transition model is supported by the morphological change of carbon substrates after SALDI and high initial velocity of ions desorbed by carbon-based SALDI (> 1,000 ms-1). SALDI-MS is useful for small molecule analysis due to the relatively clean background in the low mass region. SALDI-IMS is developed and applied to the imaging of spatial distribution of small molecules in forensic and biological samples. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) was selected as the substrate from several other noble metal NPs. A solvent-free method, argon ion sputtering, was employed for coating AuNPs on sample surface prior to SALDI-IMS analysis. Fine details of the samples, such as the fine pattern of latent fingerprints and handwriting on questioned documents can be preserved and imaged reliably by avoiding the use of solvent. Fatty acids, drugs and ink components can be imaged in forensic samples including latent fingerprints, banknotes and checks. The solvent-free SALDI-IMS method was also applied to image the distribution of metabolites in intact animal tissues. Spatial distributions of neurotransmitters, nucleobases and fatty acids can be imaged from mouse brain and tumor tissue sections. / published_or_final_version / Chemistry / Doctoral / Doctor of Philosophy
25

Development of advanced label-free optical bioimaging technologies

Xu, Jingjiang, 许景江 January 2014 (has links)
Today label-free bioimaging has been leading to widespread and fast-growing applications, which demands for a more efficient way to keep up such momentum. To this end, the research in this thesis will study the techniques of efficiency improvement for advanced label-free bioimaging, including the time efficiency, cost efficiency and information efficiency. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is one of the most valuable label-free bioimaging modalities to provide noninvasive cross-sectional assessment of biological tissue. In many occasions, these applications demand for three dimensional (3D) imaging at video-rate in order to perform real-time diagnoses, which can be overcome by MHz-OCT. Here we demonstrate inertia-free all-optical ultrahigh-speed swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT) based on amplified optical time-stretch (AOT). More importantly, the key significance of AOT-OCT is its broadband amplification stage, which greatly enhances the detection sensitivity compared with the prior attempts to employ optical time-stretch to OCT. We report an AOT-OCT system which is operated at an A-scan rate of multi-megahertz with high sensitivity (>80 dB) and perform time-stretch-based OCT of biological tissue in vivo. Moreover, using a more stable and coherent mode-locked fiber laser, we can achieve better performance without the compromise of averaging for supercontinuum-generation-based AOT-OCT system. It represents a major step forward in utilizing AOT as an alternative for achieving practical time-efficient OCT imaging at multi-MHz speed. For the further development of this ultrahigh-speed OCT, we present a theoretical analysis of the AOT-OCT system. The spectral resolution, coherence length and sensitivity of AOT-OCT system have been discussed in detail. By theoretical model of the noise sources based on Raman amplifier, we also quantify how the input signal, amplifier gain, A-scan rate affect the sensitivity of AOT-OCT imaging. These simulation results are expected to be valuable for optimizing the design of AOT-OCT. We also investigate in cost-effective implementation to realize efficient optical time-stretch process based on dispersive fiber. We explore and demonstrate the feasibility of using the standard telecommunication single-mode fibers as few-mode fibers (FMFs) for optical time-stretch confocal microscopy in the 1m range. It can provide sufficiently high dispersion-to-loss ratios for practical time-stretch imaging at 1 m, without the needs for high-cost specialty 1 m single mode fiber. In addition, Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy is another attractive efficient tool for label-free biochemical-specific imaging, which can bypass laborious steps of preparing and staining in routine standard histopathology. Here we further explore ultrabroadband hyperspectral multiplex (HM-CARS) to perform chemoselective histological imaging with efficient information in fingerprint region. In order to unravel the congested CARS spectra, we employ phase-retrieval algorithm based on Kramers–Kronig (KK) transform and principal component analysis (PCA) to display the key cellular structures with components distribution. All these research efforts are aiming at improving the efficiency, from theory to implementation, for label-free bioimaging technology such as OCT and CARS. These schemes demonstrate great potential to realize powerful label-free bioimaging with high efficiency, including ultrafast 3D OCT imaging at video-rate, cost-effective optical time-stretch imaging and HM-CARS imaging with richness of biological fingerprint information. / published_or_final_version / Electrical and Electronic Engineering / Doctoral / Doctor of Philosophy
26

Statistical model of beam distortion by tissue inhomogeneities in tissue harmonic imaging

Yan, Xiang 28 August 2008 (has links)
Not available / text
27

Optical near-field effects for submicron patterning and plasmonic optical devices

Battula, Arvind Reddy, 1979- 28 August 2008 (has links)
Metallic films with narrow and deep subwavelength gratings or holes having a converging-diverging channel (CDC) can exhibit enhanced transmission resonances for wavelengths larger than the periodicity of the grating or hole. Using the finite element method, it is shown that by varying the gap size at the throat of a CDC, the spectral locations of the transmission resonance bands can be shifted close to each other and have high transmittance in a very narrow energy band. Additionally, the transmission of light can be influenced by the presence of the externally applied magnetic field H. The spectral locations of the transmission peak resonances depend on the magnitude and the direction of H. The transmission peaks have blue-shift with the increase in H. A new multilayer thermal emitter has been analyzed in the visible wavelength range. The proposed emitter has large temporal and spatial coherence extending into the far field. The thermal emitter is made up of a cavity that is surrounded by a thin silver grating having a CDC on one side and a one-dimensional (1D) photonic crystal (PhC) on the other side. The large coherence length is achieved by making use of the coherence properties of the surface waves. Due to the nature of surface waves the new multilayer structure can attain the spectral and directional control of emission with only ppolarization. The resonance condition inside the cavity is extremely sensitive to the wavelength, which would then lead to high emission in a very narrow wavelength band. In addition a new tunable plasmonic crystal (tPLC) was proposed, where the plasmonic or polaritonic mode of a metallic array can be combined with the photonic mode of a hole array in a dielectric slab for achieving negative refraction and still posses an extra degree of freedom for tuning the tPLC as a superlens to operate at different frequencies. The tunability of the single planar tPLC slab is demonstrated numerically for subwavelength imaging (FWHM 0.38[lambda]~ 0.42[lambda]) by just varying the fluid in the hole array, thereby enabling the realization of ultracompact tunable superlens and paving the way for a new class of lens. An aggressive pursuit for decreasing the minimum feature size in high bandgap materials has lead to various challenges in nanofabrication. However, it is difficult to achieve critical dimensions at sub-wavelength scale using traditional optical lithography. A new technique to create submicron patterns on hard-to-machine materials like silicon carbide (SiC) and borosilicate glass with a laser beam is demonstrated. Here the principle of optical near-field enhancement between the spheres and substrate when irradiated by a laser beam has been used for obtaining the patterning.
28

FEEDBACK SYSTEMS FOR IMAGE ACQUISITION AND PROCESSING

Tamura, Nobuhiko January 1979 (has links)
No description available.
29

THE THEORY OF IMAGE SAMPLING AND MULTIPLEXING USING PHASE GRATINGS

Shrode, Theodore Edward, 1942- January 1976 (has links)
No description available.
30

Lucky imaging : beyond binary stars

Staley, Timothy January 2013 (has links)
No description available.

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