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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Development of nuclear medicine methods for gastric and small bowel motility : effects of GLP-1 on gastric emptying /

Grybäck, Per, January 2005 (has links)
Diss. (sammanfattning) Stockholm : Karol. inst., 2005. / Härtill 5 uppsatser.

Extrathymic T cell receptor gene rearrangement in human alimentary tract /

Bas, Anna, January 2004 (has links)
Diss. (sammanfattning) Umeå : Univ., 2004. / Härtill 5 uppsatser.

A histoimmunologic study of the small intestine

Sobhon, Prasert, January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1970. / Typescript. Vita. eContent provider-neutral record in process. Description based on print version record. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 122-135).

Apolipoprotein biosynthesis and turnover in mammalian small intestine

Combrinck, Marc Irwin January 1994 (has links)
The mammalian small intestine is a major site (second in total activity only to the liver) for the synthesis and secretion of plasma apolipoproteins, and contributes significantly to overall whole-body lipid dynamics. A prominent feature of the small intestine is its exposure to periodic loads of meals often containing dramatically varying amounts or types of food components, including lipids such as tri-acylglycerols, cholesterol and cholesteryl esters. Since the trans-epithelial transport of most of these latter materials requires the elaboration of particles partially covered by apolipoproteins, the regulation of the biosynthesis or, more correctly, the availability of these proteins is an important and as yet little-understood problem. Previous studies have been conducted on systems which, for one or the other reason, have not permitted the following questions to be satisfactorily or coherently answered: Does the ingestion of fat-containing meals, either acutely or chronically, increase the rate of biosynthesis of intestinal apolipoproteins such as apo B-48, and is this the principal method of matching the "demand" with the supply of this "packaging material" needed for fat transport across the intestinal epithelial cells? Alternatively, does the maintenance of a large steady-state intracellular pool in the face of variations in intracellular apolipoprotein degradation, controlled by acute or chronic lipid ingestion, produce the required "match" between supply and demand for these proteins (as has recently been suggested in studies on liver cells)? An in vitro system was therefore devised whereby sheets of intestinal epithelial cells (enterocytes) were freshly isolated from the jejuna of adult male Syrian golden hamsters and incubated for several hours in a medium supporting steady-state protein synthesis, in a manner which was assumed to be similar to the activity just before the killing of the donor animals. (Hamsters appear on various grounds to be a better small-animal model of human lipoprotein metabolism than the more commonly studied rats). The isolated epithelial cell sheets produced primary apolipoprotein products that could be extracted from the cells or detected in the incubation media, free from the subsequent modifications that they are known to undergo in vivo. Hamsters maintained on a low-fat chow were either studied as such or subjected to a variety of dietary treatments designed to maximize (over short or long time periods) intracellular apolipoprotein requirements for the "packaging" of tri-acylglycerol-rich lipoproteins, especially chylomicrons: acute bolus administration of lipid into the gut; overnight feeding of fat-enriched food; and chronic (six week) fat feeding. Using specific antisera and immuno-precipitation techniques, apo B-48 and two other principal intestinal apolipoproteins were shown to be synthesized in the steady state by intestinal cell sheets derived from control animals and from those subjected to acute or chronic fat-containing diets. Secretion took place, however, only when prior fat exposure of the donor intestines had occurred. Pulse-chase labelling was used to compare the rates of apolipoprotein synthesis, degradation and secretion in the same cell sheet preparations. The rates of apolipoprotein B-48 synthesis did not vary significantly under conditions of low or high trans-epithelial lipid flux, supporting findings derived from in vivo experimental systems. In contrast with data from other systems, however, the biosynthesis of apolipoprotein A-IV was not reproducibly increased on fat challenge. The rates of apo B-48 degradation varied significantly and were markedly reduced under conditions of fat feeding. The experiments permit a choice between the two alternatives mentioned above: Ingestion of fatty foods, either acutely or over long periods of time, does not increase the rates of biosynthesis of apolipoproteins such as apo B-48; but variations in the rate of intracellular degradation of this and probably other apolipoproteins allows the intestinal cells to match their requirements for lipid-transporting molecules to the demands of any given situation, relying in each case on a large steady-state intracellular pool maintained by "constitutive" biosynthesis. Importantly, there seems also to be a specific, possibly related effect of fat feeding on the secretion of lipoproteins into the intestinal extracellular fluid. These conclusions coincide with those obtained by other workers from studies of apolipoprotein B dynamics in isolated hepatocytes and in the hepatoma-derived liver cell line, Hep G2. The mechanisms underlying these phenomena are as yet unresolved.

Evaluation of the microcirculation of the equine small intestine following intramural distention and reperfusion

Dabareiner, Robin Marie 05 September 2009 (has links)
The effects of intraluminal distention (25 cm H₂O, 120 minutes) and subsequent decompression (60 minutes) on the intramural vascular patterns of the equine small intestine was evaluated in 7 anesthetized horses. The vascular system of experimental and control segments were injected with a blue-colored radiopaque medium for microangiography and histology or a diluted methyl methacrylate (MERCOX CL-2B) for scanning electron microscopy. The distended segments had shortened villi that were separated by expanded crypts and mesothelial cell loss, neutrophil infiltration and edema in the seromuscular layer. The number of filled vessels was decreased in the seromuscular layer and to a lesser extent in the mucosal layer in the distended segments compared to controls. Following reperfusion, the morphologic lesions progressed and the number of observed vessels increased in all layers; however the vascular density did not return to the pre distention state. This study identifies altered intramural vascular patterns in the equine jejunum during luminal distention and reperfusion. / Master of Science

Some effects of the removal of varying lengths of distal small intestine in horses

Gordon, Bradley J. January 2011 (has links)
Typescript (photocopy). / Digitized by Kansas Correctional Industries

The immune mechanisms and novel immunosuppressive approaches in experimental small bowel transplantation

Guo, Weihong, 郭衛紅 January 2001 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Surgery / Doctoral / Doctor of Philosophy

Immunofluorescent study of IgM in the canine small intestine

Willard, Michael D January 2011 (has links)
Typescript. / Digitized by Kansas Correctional Industries

Activation of the mucosal immune system and growth of the small intestine at weaning / by Fiona Marie Thompson.

Thompson, Fiona Marie January 1994 (has links)
Contains errata sheet in back pocket. / Bibliography: leaves 167-211. / xviii, 211, [8] leaves, [4] leaves of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm. / Title page, contents and abstract only. The complete thesis in print form is available from the University Library. / Explores the hypothesis that growth of the small intestine at weaning is promoted by an activated mucosal immune system in the gut. Tests by observing rats, guinea pigs and human infants. / Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Adelaide, Dept. of Medicine, 1995?

Absorption and metabolism of selenite by perfused small intestine, and hepatocytes from rats

Park, Yeong-Chul 29 December 1993 (has links)
Graduation date: 1994

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