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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

The epidemiology of chronic kidney disease in Grampian /

Clark, Laura Elizabeth. January 2009 (has links)
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Aberdeen University, 2009. / Title from web page (viewed on Oct. 5, 2009). Includes bibliographical references.
2

The epidemiology of chronic kidney disease in Grampian

Clark, Laura Elizabeth January 2009 (has links)
Methods: All patients (5606) with at least one serum creatinine ≥130μmol/L in females and ≥150μmol/L (Index creatinine) in males during a 6 month period in 2003 were grouped according to whether they had Acute Kidney Injury (AKI), Acute on chronic renal failure (ACRF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). 1903 patients could  not be classified. After using all available creatinine data and identifying markers of kidney damage a further group of patients with CKD were identified. Case records were examined for the presence of co-morbidity, date of death, cause of death and whether they were known to a renal physician. Results: 1225 patients were identified as having CKD out of the 1903 “Unclassified” cohort (65%). The majority of CKD patients were elderly females with Stage 3 CKD. Hypertension and ischaemic heart disease were the two most common co-morbid conditions. Only 12% of CKD patients were referred to a nephrologists. 43% of CKD patients were dead at follow-up mostly from cardiovascular causes (31<sup>st</sup> December 2005). The presence of proteinuria was independently associated with death. The age adjusted standardised prevalence of CKD, excluding those on RRT, was 20929 per million adult population. 3.6% went on to start RRT by the end of follow-up. Conclusions: CKD is predominantly a condition of elderly females, associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. However the majority of patients die from cardiovascular disease before progressing to ESRD. Therefore these patients may be appropriately managed in primary care without the need for specialist renal input allowing targeting of the specialist renal resources to the fewer patients who require them.
3

Platelet, endothelial and coagulation function in patients with established chronic kidney disease on haemodialysis

Milburn, James Alexander January 2010 (has links)
The aim of this thesis was to assess whether platelet, endothelial and coagulation biomarkers of thrombotic risk are increased in ECKD-HD patients. Five individual studies were performed (1) venous blood samples between controls and resting HD patients, (2) simultaneous blood samples between vascular access (VA) and venous samples in HD patients (3) pre and post dialysis from the VA, (4) samples pre and post dialysis in venous samples, (5) a retrospective study of VA thrombosis in HD patients. Venous blood samples were taken from 78 resting healthy volunteers and from 78 HD patients immediately before and 30 minutes after dialysis. We also took blood samples from the VA of 55 patients immediately before and after dialysis. In 26 patients venous and VA samples were taken simultaneously. Our results have shown HD patients potentially have evidence of a prothrombotic state compared to controls. This is further increased by each session of dialysis and is present in both VA and venous samples distant from the site of haemodialysis. We have shown some differences in platelet activation and inflammatory markers between simultaneous VA and venous samples. Furthermore, some of these biomarkers may be associated with a retrospective history of VA occlusion. Our study has shown that in patients with ECKD on HD there may be evidence of an underlying prothrombotic tendency. There is a need to determine the optimal anti-platelet and anti-coagulation therapy in these patients.

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