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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

The impact of increasing the incinerator ash content on landfill site biostabilisation

Lo, Huang-Mu January 1999 (has links)
No description available.
2

Volatile organic compounds in landfill gas as indicators of waste degradation processes

Schwarze, Susann January 2002 (has links)
No description available.
3

Landfill hydrogeology and the hydraulic properties of in situ landfilled material

Burrows, Mark Robert January 1998 (has links)
No description available.
4

Numerical modelling of small catchment nitrogen dynamics with particular reference to the Slapton Wood catchment, South Devon

Whelan, Michael John January 1993 (has links)
No description available.
5

Evapotranspiration and Leachate Quality of Warm-season Turf and Native Grasses under Different Texas Landscape Climates

Pannkuk, Timothy Richard 2009 August 1900 (has links)
Urban landscapes require irrigation during periods of insufficient rainfall. Significant water use savings may be achieved if landscape irrigation is based on reference evapotranspiration (RET). The objectives of this study were to determine 1.) landscape crop coefficients (K[subscript L]) for landscapes comprised of different vegetation types, 2.) if regional climatic differences affect K[subscript L], and 3.) examine differences in leachate nutrient concentrations from the plant treatments. The K[subscript L] was determined from the ratio of actual evapotranspiration and a modified Penman equation reference. Irrigation quantity was based on 100% replacement of RET. The K[subscript L] were determined for St. Augustinegrass [Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Kutze.] alone, Red Oak [Quercus shumardii Buckl.] alone, St. Augustinegrass plus Red Oak, native grasses [Muhlenbergia capillaries (Lam.) Trin. and Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash], and native grasses plus Red Oak in College Station (CS) and San Antonio (SA) Texas, on a Rader fine sandy loam (mixed, semiactive, thermic Aquic Paleustalfs). Soil was systematically placed into lysimeters containing a drainage system and soil moisture probes. Lysimeters (1136 L) were placed in-ground in a randomized complete block design with three blocks. Soil moisture measurements were made at 0 to 20, 20 to 40, and 40 to 60 cm depths. The K[subscript L] was determined after a rainfall or irrigation event for periods of two to five days. Leachate was analyzed for dissolved organic carbon (DOC), dissolved organic nitrogen (DON), ammonium, nitrate-N, orthophosphate-P, and alkalinity. During the growing seasons of 2007 and 2008, K[subscript L] in San Antonio increased from early-, to mid-, to late-season while in CS the K[subscript L] decreased from early-, to mid-, to late-season. Treatments with nativegrasses in SA had K[subscript L]'s as large as 0.91 in late-season. In CS, soil sodium accumulation caused a decreasing seasonal K[subscript L]. Mean DOC concentration was not different between sites except for tree only treatment which was larger in SA. For mean DON concentrations between sites, only the St. Augustinegrass treatment was larger in CS than in SA. Orthophosphate-P concentrations were larger at SA under the tree alone, nativegrass, and St Augustine plus tree treatments than in CS. Ammonium concentration was similar by site for vegetative treatments.
6

PASSIVE AND NATURALIZED LANDFILL LEACHATE TREATMENT SYSTEMS FOR SOURCE WATER PROTECTION

SPEER, SEAN 03 October 2011 (has links)
Landfill leachate production is an unavoidable by-product of landfilling solid waste. Mitigation of the adverse environmental impacts of landfill leachate is required at all active and closed landfill sites. Since leachate production continues long after the landfill is closed and no longer generating revenue, management strategies including low-cost passive and naturalized landfill leachate treatment systems are ideal. The past practice of dumping solid waste into unused tracts of land has created many brownfield sites with uncontrolled discharges of leachate to the receiving environment. Belle Park in Kingston, Ontario is an example of such a site that has been reclaimed for recreational use. A seep management strategy, which included the installation of leachate extraction wells, has been implemented at the site. Passive treatment systems, a coastal fringe wetland and a phreatophyte plots, were installed to evaluate their effectiveness in conjunction with the leachate seep management. Modelling estimated that originally, the pumping wells decreased leachate discharge by 60%, and with the newer wells in 2007 the discharge was decreased by 75- 85%. In situ pilot-scale evaluations of treatments systems are required to ensure adequate treatment of the leachate. The Merrick Landfill in North Bay, Ontario currently captures leachate produced on site and is assessing the potential of a hybrid-passive landfill leachate treatment system. This design process started with bench-scale design and assessment of active pretreatment options, followed by an evaluation of passive and semi-passive treatment systems at the bench-scale (treating 2-3 L/day) at both room (24oC) and cold (2oC) ambient temperatures. The design process culminated with a pilot-scale assessment of hybrid-passive treatment systems (treating 2000 L/d). Assessment of flow in passive treatment system is usually conducted with tracer evaluations. Vertical-flow passive treatment systems with intermittent dosing of leachate for passive aeration have both saturated and unsaturated flow regions. This research shows that tracer evaluation of these types of system was insufficient to measure the clogging within the pore spaces. Therefore a time-lagged flux method was created, based on the pilot-scale hybrid passive treatment system at the Merrick Landfill. This analytical solution quantified the changes in saturated hydraulic conductivity in the treatment system cells. / Thesis (Ph.D, Civil Engineering) -- Queen's University, 2011-09-30 15:55:45.73
7

Engineering a sustainable landfill through the treatment and recirculation of nitrified leachate

Burton, Simon A. Q. January 2003 (has links)
No description available.
8

Assessment Of Quality And Quantity Of Leachate From The Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Of Bursa

Akyol, Selin 01 September 2005 (has links) (PDF)
In this study, regularly measured long-term leachate data from Bursa Municipal Solid Waste Landfill (MSWL) were analyzed using conventional statistical, time series and factor analyses to investigate in detail the temporal variability of leachate quality and quantity, trend, randomness, seasonality and the auto- and cross- correlations of leachate pollutants. Evaluating the results of data analyses, leachate management recommendations, including sampling strategies in monitoring programs and treatment alternatives for old and fresh leachates, were developed. Statistically analyzed leachate parameters included BOD, COD, pH, SS, electrical conductivity, total CrO4, Cr6+, Fe, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, CN-, Cl, F, total P, NH4-N, total N, SO4, S2-, total alkalinity and leachate flow rate. Results indicated that the majority of pollutant concentrations varied in large ranges. Leachate parameters usually showed non-normal distributions and high variability in the closed T Valley compared to the open Main Valley. The majority of leachate parameters was autocorrelated and had statistically significant correlations amongst themselves. Factor analysis showed that different inter-relationships were present between leachate parameters for closed and open valleys. The sampling frequency and the number of leachate parameters need to be measured were determined to be higher for open landfills than for closed landfills. It was recommended that leachates, having high organic strength, in open landfill be treated using biological and physical/chemical processes. However, after the closure of the landfill, physical/chemical processes were recommended for leachate treatment, as it gradually completes transition from fresh to old leachate.
9

Clogging of a laboratory simulated landfill drainage blanket

Eisenhart, Bradley A. January 1992 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--Ohio University, August, 1992. / Title from PDF t.p.
10

LANDFILL LEACHATE-AFFECTED GROUNDWATER DISCHARGING TO A POND / LEACHATE PLUME DISCHARGING TO A POND

Hua, Tammy January 2021 (has links)
Groundwater contaminated by leachate from historic landfills, closed and typically without liners or leachate-collection systems, can potentially discharge to surrounding surface waters and impair their ecological communities. However, few studies have focused on emerging contaminants (e.g., per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS)), inputs to non-flowing water bodies, and exposure across the various ecological zones. The objective of this study was to better understand the ecological risk posed by a historic landfill plume discharging to a nearby pond, and how the pond’s ecosystem may be affected by potential spatio-temporal variability in contaminant concentrations and contaminant discharge. The site contained an artificial pond 40m west of a historic sanitation landfill and was monitored for ~1 year. Seasonal samples of shallow groundwater analyzed for standard chemistry plus artificial sweeteners and PFAS revealed a large and seasonally stable plume footprint in the pond and relatively constant exposure to the endobenthic zone (within sediments), with some constituents at potentially toxic concentrations. Elevated electrical conductivity measured just above (~1 cm) the sediment bed indicated exposure to the epibenthic zone, with greater exposure associated with higher groundwater fluxes at night, after rain and melt events, and in winter. It is speculated that terrestrial evapotranspiration and pond evaporation play a role in these temporal patterns. Estimated contaminant mass fluxes into the pond using contaminant and temperature-based flux data showed spatial variability within the plume footprint and seasonal patterns. Concentrations in the pond water showed exposure to pelagic organisms was consistent for chloride and saccharin (and likely PFAS), but varied seasonally for nitrate and ammonium, with all at lower concentrations compared to the endobenthic and epibenthic zones. This study revealed significant and variable ecological exposure from a landfill leachate plume discharging to a pond and provides guidance to landfill operators on improved monitoring protocols for such sites. / Thesis / Master of Science (MSc) / Groundwater contaminated by historic landfills, closed and typically without liners or leachate-collection systems, can potentially discharge to surrounding surface waters, threatening their ecological communities. The objective of this study was to better understand the ecological risk posed by a historic landfill plume discharging to a nearby pond, and how this might vary spatially and temporally. The study site contained an artificial pond 40m west of a historic sanitation landfill and was monitored for contaminant concentrations and contaminant discharge for ~1 year. Elevated concentrations of leachate contaminants were relatively steady within the sediments (endobenthic zone) and similar across the contaminant discharge area but varied substantially in space and time (higher at night, after events, in the winter) at the pond bed (epibenthic zone), while the patterns differed by contaminant in the surface water above (pelagic zone). These findings can provide insights into improved monitoring and protection of ecosystems at landfill sites.

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