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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Subjective well-being across nations--: a hierarchical linear modeling approach. / Subjective well-being

January 1998 (has links)
by Oi-Man Kwok. / Thesis (M.Phil.)--Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1998. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 43-52). / Abstract also in Chinese.

Flexible statistical modeling of deaths by diarrhoea in South Africa.

Mbona, Sizwe Vincent. 17 December 2013 (has links)
The purpose of this study is to investigate and understand data which are grouped into categories. Various statistical methods was studied for categorical binary responses to investigate the causes of death from diarrhoea in South Africa. Data collected included death type, sex, marital status, province of birth, province of death, place of death, province of residence, education status, smoking status and pregnancy status. The objective of this thesis is to investigate which of the above explanatory variables was most affected by diarrhoea in South Africa. To achieve this objective, different sample survey data analysis techniques are investigated. This includes sketching bar graphs and using several statistical methods namely, logistic regression, surveylogistic, generalised linear model, generalised linear mixed model, and generalised additive model. In the selection of the fixed effects, a bar graph is applied to the response variable individual profile graphs. A logistic regression model is used to identify which of the explanatory variables are more affected by diarrhoea. Statistical applications are conducted in SAS (Statistical Analysis Software). Hosmer and Lemeshow (2000) propose a statistic that they show, through simulation, is distributed as chi‐square when there is no replication in any of the subpopulations. Due to the similarity of the Hosmer and Lemeshow test for logistic regression, Parzen and Lipsitz (1999) suggest using 10 risk score groups. Nevertheless, based on simulation results, May and Hosmer (2004) show that, for all samples or samples with a large percentage of censored observations, the test rejects the null hypothesis too often. They suggest that the number of groups be chosen such that G=integer of {maximum of 12 and minimum of 10}. Lemeshow et al. (2004) state that the observations are firstly sorted in increasing order of their estimated event probability. / Thesis (M.Sc.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, 2013.

Factors affecting the health status of the people of Lesotho.

January 2007 (has links)
Lesotho, like any other country of the world, is faced with the task of improving the / Thesis (M.Sc.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, 2007.

Investigation of fertilizer usage in Malawi within the rural livelihood diversification project using generalized linear models and quantile regression.

Kabuli, Hilda Janet Jinazali. 19 June 2013 (has links)
Malawi’s economy relies heavily on agriculture which is threatened by declines in soil fertility. Measures to ensure increased crop productivity at household level include the increased use of inorganic fertilizers. To supplement the Government’s effort in ensuring food security, Rural Livelihood Diversification Project (RLDP) was implemented in Kasungu and Lilongwe Districts in Malawi. The RLDP Project was aimed at increasing accessibility and utilisation of inorganic fertilizers. We used the data collected by the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), to investigate if there could be any significant impacts of the interventions carried out by the project. A general linear model was initially used to model the data. Terms in the model were selected using the automatic stepwise procedure in GLMSELECT procedure of SAS. Other models that were used included a transformed response general linear model, gamma model based on log link and its alternative inverse link, and quantile regression procedures were used in modelling the amount of fertilizer use per acre response given a set of fixed effect predictors where households were only sampled at baseline or impact assessment study. The general linear model failed to comply with the model assumption of normality and constant variance. The gamma model was affected by influential observations. Quantile regression model is robust to outliers and influential observations. Quantile regression provided that number of plots cultivated, timeline, household saving and irrigation interaction, and the interaction between plots and timeline significantly affected the amounts of fertilizers applied per acre amongst the 25% of the households who apply lower levels of fertilizer per acre. / Thesis (M.Sc.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, 2013.

Analysis of a binary response : an application to entrepreneurship success in South Sudan.

Lugga, James Lemi John Stephen. January 2012 (has links)
Just over half (50:6%) of the population of South Sudan lives on less than one US Dollar a day. Three quarters of the population live below the poverty line (NBS, Poverty Report, 2010). Generally, effective government policy to reduce unemployment and eradicate poverty focuses on stimulating new businesses. Micro and small enterprises (MSEs) are the major source of employment and income for many in under-developed countries. The objective of this study is to identify factors that determine business success and failure in South Sudan. To achieve this objective, generalized linear models, survey logistic models, the generalized linear mixed models and multiple correspondence analysis are used. The data used in this study is generated from the business survey conducted in 2010. The response variable, which is defined as business success or failure was measured by profit and loss in businesses. Fourteen explanatory variables were identified as factors contributing to business success and failure. A main effect model consisting of the fourteen explanatory variables and three interaction effects were fitted to the data. In order to account for the complexity of the survey design, survey logistic and generalized linear mixed models are refitted to the same variables in the main effect model. To confirm the results from the model we used multiple correspondence analysis. / Thesis (M.Sc.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, 2012.

Analysis of longitudinal binary data : an application to a disease process.

Ramroop, Shaun. January 2008 (has links)
The analysis of longitudinal binary data can be undertaken using any of the three families of models namely, marginal, random effects and conditional models. Each family of models has its own respective merits and demerits. The models are applied in the analysis of binary longitudinal data for childhood disease data namely the Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) data collected from a study in Kilifi, coastal Kenya. The marginal model was fitted using generalized estimating equations (GEE). The random effects models were fitted using ‘Proc GLIMMIX’ and ‘NLMIXED’ in SAS and then again in Genstat. Because the data is a state transition type of data with the Markovian property the conditional model was used to capture the dependence of the current response to the previous response which is known as the history. The data set has two main complicating issues. Firstly, there is the question of developing a stochastically based probability model for the disease process. In the current work we use direct likelihood and generalized linear modelling (GLM) approaches to estimate important disease parameters. The force of infection and the recovery rate are the key parameters of interest. The findings of the current work are consistent and in agreement with those in White et al. (2003). The aspect of time dependence on the RSV disease is also highlighted in the thesis by fitting monthly piecewise models for both parameters. Secondly, there is the issue of incomplete data in the analysis of longitudinal data. Commonly used methods to analyze incomplete longitudinal data include the well known available case analysis (AC) and last observation carried forward (LOCF). However, these methods rely on strong assumptions such as missing completely at random (MCAR) for AC analysis and unchanging profile after dropout for LOCF analysis. Such assumptions are too strong to generally hold. In recent years, methods of analyzing incomplete longitudinal data have become available with weaker assumptions, such as missing at random (MAR). Thus we make use of multiple imputation via chained equations that require the MAR assumption and maximum likelihood methods that result in the missing data mechanism becoming ignorable as soon as it is MAR. Thus we are faced with the problem of incomplete repeated non–normal data suggesting the use of at least the Generalized Linear Mixed Model (GLMM) to account for natural individual heterogeneity. The comparison of the parameter estimates using the different methods to handle the dropout is strongly emphasized in order to evaluate the advantages of the different methods and approaches. The survival analysis approach was also utilized to model the data due to the presence of multiple events per subject and the time between these events. / Thesis (Ph.D.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermarizburg, 2008.

Permutation based microarray gene selection methods with covarience adjustment applicable to complex diseases /

Wagner, Brandie D. January 2007 (has links)
Thesis (Ph.D. in Analytic Health Sciences) -- University of Colorado Denver, 2007. / Typescript. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 57-60). Free to UCD affiliates. Online version available via ProQuest Digital Dissertations;

Bayesian and maximum likelihood methods for some two-segment generalized linear models

Miyamoto, Kazutoshi. Seaman, John Weldon, January 2008 (has links)
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Baylor University, 2008. / Includes bibliographical references (p.84-86)

Statistical inference on binomial regression models in the presence of over-dispersion /

Lorensu Hewa, Wimali Prasangika, January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (M.Sc.) - Carleton University, 2008. / Includes bibliographical references (p. 116-119). Also available in electronic format on the Internet.

Order restricted inferences on parameters in generalized linear models with emphasis on logistic regression /

Reischman, Diann January 1997 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Missouri-Columbia, 1997. / Typescript. Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 174-178). Also available on the Internet.

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