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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Microstrip radio-frequency coil and array design for magnetic resonance imaging

Wu, Bing, 吳冰 January 2006 (has links)
published_or_final_version / abstract / Electrical and Electronic Engineering / Doctoral / Doctor of Philosophy

Magnetic resonance imaging investigation of brain networks

Cheng, Shi, 程实 January 2015 (has links)
Brain operates on a network level. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides structural and functional images noninvasively with large field of view and at high spatial resolution and thus assumes an extremely valuable role in studying brain networks. The objectives of this doctoral work were to develop and apply novel MRI methods on human and rodent brains, for in vivo and global assessments of functional brain networks at resting and task-evoked states. Firstly, the feasibility of passband balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP) imaging for distortion-free and high-resolution resting-state fMRI (rsfMRI) was investigated. Resting-state networks (RSNs) derived from bSSFP images were shown spatially and spectrally comparable to those derived from conventional gradient-echo echo-planar imaging (GE-EPI) with considerable intra- and inter-subject reproducibility. High-resolution bSSFP corresponded well to the anatomical images, with RSNs exquisitely co-localized to gray matter. Furthermore, RSNs at areas of severe susceptibility were proved accessible including human anterior prefrontal cortex and rat piriform cortex. These findings demonstrated for the first time that passband bSSFP approach can be a promising alternative to GE-EPI for rsfMRI. It offers distortion-free and high-resolution RSNs and is potentially suited for high field studies. Secondly, to examine the macrovascular contributions to the spatial and spectral prosperities of resting-state networks, spin-echo echo-planar imaging (SE-EPI) with moderate diffusion weighting (DW) was proposed for rsfMRI. SE and DW suppressed the extravascular and intravascular contributions from macrovessels respectively. Significantly lower functional connectivity strength was observed in the posterior cingulate cortex of the default mode network derived from DW SE-EPI data comparing to that derived from SE-EPI, suggesting a confounding role played by the intravascular component from large veins, whereas no significant spectral difference was detected. Therefore, the DW SEEPI approach for rsfMRI may assist in better identifying and interpreting largescale brain networks with future improvement in temporal resolution by acceleration techniques and in sensitivity at higher field. Thirdly, rsfMRI was performed to evaluate the intrinsic functional networks in the corresponding anatomical visual brain connections traced by Mn-enhanced MRI (MEMRI). Strengths of resting-state functional connectivity appeared to couple with structural connectivity in MEMRI, demonstrating the sensitivity of these structural and functional connectivity MRI techniques for assessing the neuroarchitecture, neurophysiology and structural-functional relationships in the visual brain in vivo. Fourthly, the hypothesis that a regional activation identified via general linear model analysis of fMRI data reflects the summation of multiple distinct networks that carry different functional purposes was tested. Overlapping frontoparietal networks engaged in a simple single-digit multiplication task were found and their functional roles were evaluated through independent components analysis and contributive source analysis. Future studies incorporating different arithmetic tasks and resting state will shed more light upon how brain accomplishes arithmetic and more complex tasks in general. Lastly, benefiting from higher SNR, better spatial and temporal resolution at higher field, exploratory fMRI studies were conducted on rats at 7 T for in vivo assessments of 1) the effect of dark-rearing on postnatal visual development, 2) sound amplitude modulations and 3) sound frequency modulation sweep direction selectivity in auditory system. ( / published_or_final_version / Electrical and Electronic Engineering / Doctoral / Doctor of Philosophy

MR indicators of structure and function in the rat brain and kidney in vivo

Burdett, Newman Grenville January 1995 (has links)
No description available.

Translational studies on the vascular targeting agent Combretastatin A4 phosphate

Galbraith, Susan Mary January 2001 (has links)
No description available.

Instrumentation for low cost, high resolution NMR imaging

Thornton, John Stephen January 1992 (has links)
No description available.

MRI studies of polymeric systems

Rahman, Hosne Jahan January 1991 (has links)
No description available.

Magnetic field effects in echo planar imaging at 3T

Ng, Yao Tsan January 1998 (has links)
No description available.

Three dimensional high speed mapping in NMR imaging

Blamire, Andrew Matthew January 1990 (has links)
No description available.

fMRI investigation of a model of direct cortical stimulation in rodent brain

Austin, Vivienne Catherine Marie January 2003 (has links)
No description available.

Use of contrast agents with fast field-cycling magnetic resonance imaging

Ó hÓgáin, Dara January 2011 (has links)
Fast Field-Cycling (FFC) MRI allows the magnetic field to be switched during an imaging scan. FFC-MRI can be used to exploit a characteristic of contrast agents, i.e. the variation of its spin-lattice relaxation time (T1) or rate (R1= 1/T1) with magnetic field in order to increase contrast. Contrast agents play an essential role in MRI, allowing improved diagnosis and delineation of diseased tissue. However, the R1, and hence the effectiveness of contrast agents, varies significantly with magnetic field. Thus, Fast Field-Cycling (FFC) MRI can be used to take advantage of this variation to improve image contrast, allowing more sensitive detection of the agent. In this project new contrast agents, developed by a collaborating group (Invento S.r.l., Italy) were investigated for use with FFC-MRI. R1 dispersion curves of samples containing a range of contrast agents were first obtained using both a commercial relaxometer and a home-built whole-body FFC-MRI system, and the accuracy of the home-built FFC-MRI system was verified. The magnetisation behaviour of these samples during field-cycling pulse sequences was modelled in order to predict the pulse sequence parameters necessary for maximum T1 contrast. Images were obtained, using a number of novel imaging techniques developed on the home-built whole-body FFC-MRI system, and also, using standard T1 weighted imaging on a 3 T Philips clinical MRI scanner. A new FFC-MRI imaging method, ΔR1 mapping was employed to show an increase in contrast using a novel Mn2+ based liposomal contrast agent compared with T1 weighted images at 5 mT, 59 mT and 3 T. The low concentrations of Mn2+ based liposomal contrast agents used with ΔR1 mapping indicate suitability for molecular imaging

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