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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
21

Structure elucidation of bioactive natural products from Madagascar marine algae and cyanobacteria

Andrianasolo, Eric Hajaniriana 13 February 2006 (has links)
This thesis is an investigation of the natural products deriving from marine algae and cyanobacteria and has resulted in the discovery of eleven new secondary metabolites. The structure elucidations of these new molecules were performed using a variety of spectroscopic techniques. Four new macrolides were isolated and characterized from the Madagascar marine cyanobacterium Geitlerinema sp. These ankaraholides are structurally similar to the potently cytotoxic swinholides and were found to have cytotoxicities ranging from 178 nM to 354 nM against human lung cancer (NCI-H460) and mouse neuro-2a cell lines. Since swinholide-type compounds were previously localized to the heterotrophic bacteria of sponges, these findings raise intriguing questions about their true metabolic source. Geitlerinema sp. was found to be particularly rich in chemistry, and also produced the new linear lipopeptide mitsoamide with unusual structural features including an aminal moiety, a homolysine residue and a polyketide unit (3,7- dimethoxy-5-methyl- nonanedioic acid) (DMNA). A collection of the red marine alga Portieria hornemannii from the south of Madagascar (Tolagniaro, Fort Dauphin), led to the isolation of the previously reported halogenated monoterpene, halomon, and the discovery of three new related metabolites. These molecules were found to inhibit DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT-1). As a result of efforts to identify bioactive agents from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula, tanikolide dimer, a novel SIRT2 inhibitor (IC50 = 176 nM), and tanikolide seco-acid were isolated. The depside molecular structure of tanikolide dimer, which is likely a meso compound, was established by NMR, MS and chiral HPLC analyses. The structure of tanikolide dimer raises a number of intriguing configurational and biosynthetic questions for further study. The bioassay guided fractionation of a collection of the brown marine alga Dictyota sp. from Netherland Antilles Playa Fort, led to the identification of a novel HDAC inhibitor with a dolastane carbon skeleton. The novel molecule was also found to possess antimalarial activity. Other known HDAC inhibitors with interesting antimalarial activity have been reported previously, and based on this efficacy against malaria, HDAC appears to be a viable target for the development of antiparasitic agents. / Graduation date: 2006

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