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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
31

High temperature/high strength discrete fiber reinforced composites

DeFazio, Christian F. January 2007 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--Rutgers University, 2007. / "Graduate Program in Civil and Environmental Engineering." Includes bibliographical references (p. 74-76).
32

High temperature proton-exchange and fuel processing membranes for fuel cells and other applications

Bai, He. January 2008 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Ohio State University, 2008.
33

Low-Cost Continuous Production of Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Aluminum Composites

Durkin, Craig Raymond 15 November 2007 (has links)
The research conducted in this study was concerned with the development of low-cost continuous production of carbon fiber/aluminum composites. Two coatings, alumina and zirconia, were applied to the fibers to protect against interfacial degradation. They were applied using a sol-gel method and common metal salts. The fibers were infiltrated with molten aluminum using an ultrasound sonicator. The resultant composites were well-infiltrated and were tested in tension to determine their mechanical properties. Strengths were only 15-35% of the theoretical values predicted by the rule of mixtures. The composite microstructure revealed a sizable void fraction and that the fibers within the composites did not contain any coating on their surface. It was hypothesized that this was a result of few exposed graphite plane edges on the fiber surface, causing poor adhesion of the oxide coating to the fiber surface. To improve adhesion, an amorphous carbon coating was applied to the fiber surface, but still the oxide coatings were removed from the fibers upon infiltration. It was found, however, that the carbon coating on its own did strengthen the interface between the fiber and the aluminum.
34

Transient processing and characterizatin of advanced materials /

Moussa, Sherif Omar Hassan, January 2003 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Missouri-Columbia, 2003. / Typescript. Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 160-167). Also available on the Internet.
35

Transient processing and characterizatin of advanced materials

Moussa, Sherif Omar Hassan, January 2003 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Missouri-Columbia, 2003. / Typescript. Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 160-167). Also available on the Internet.
36

Near-Field Investigations of the Anisotropic Properties of Supported Lipid Bilayers

Johnson, Merrell A. 24 July 2012 (has links)
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) / The details of Polarization Modulation Near-Field Scanning Optical Microscopy (PM-NSOM) are presented. How to properly calibrate and align the system is also introduced. A measurement of Muscovite crystal is used to display the capabilities of the setup. Measurements of supported Lβʹ 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) lipid bilayers are presented, emphasizing how it was tooled in exploiting the anisotropic nature of the acyl chains. A discussion of how the effective retardance (ΔS = 2π( n_e-n_o )t/λ) and the direction of the projection of the acyl chains (θ) are measured simultaneously is given, (where t is the thickness of the bilayer and λ is the wavelength of light used). It is shown from ΔS the birefringence (ne-no) of the bilayer is determined, by assuming the acyl chain tilt with respect to the membrane's normal to be ϕ ≈ 32. Time varying experiments show lateral diffusions of ~ 2 x 10-12 cm2/s. Temperature controlled PM-NSOM is shown to be a viable way to determine the main phase transition temperature (Tm) for going from the gel Lβʹ to liquid disorder Lα state of supported DPPC bilayers. A change of ΔS ~ (3.8 +/- 0.3 mrad) at the main phase transition temperature Tm (≈41^o C) is observed. This agrees well with previous values of (ne-no) and translates to an assumed <ϕ> ~ 32^o when T < Tm and 0^o when T > Tm. Evidence of supper heating and supper cooling will be presented, along with a discussion of the fluctuations that occur around Tm. Finally it is shown how physical parameters such as the polarizability are extracted from the data. Values of the transverse (αt) and longitudinal (αl) polarizabilites of the acyl chains are shown to be, αt = 44.2 Å3 and αl = 94.4 Å3, which correspond well with the theoretical values of a single palmitic acid (C16) αt = 25.14 Å3 and αl = 45.8 Å3.
37

A new chemical synthesis for vanadium sulfide as high performance cathode

Wen Chao, Lee January 2014 (has links)
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) / Since 1990s, rechargeable Li-ion batteries have been widely used in consumer electronics such as cell phones, global positioning systems (GPS), personnel digital assistants (PDA), digital cameras, and laptop computers. Recently Li-ion batteries received considerable attention as a major power source for electric vehicles. However, significant technical challenges still exist for widely deploying Li-ion batteries in electric vehicles. For instance, the energy density of Li-ion batteries is not high enough to support a long-distance commute. The Li-ion batteries used for the Nissan Leaf and Chevy Volt only can support 50 – 100 miles per charge. The cost of Li-ion battery packs in electric vehicles is still high. The battery pack for the Chevy Volt costs about $8,000, and the larger one in the Nissan Leaf costs about $12,000. To address these problems, new Li-ion battery electrode materials with high energy density and low cost should be developed. Among Li-ion battery cathode materials, vanadium pentoxide, V2O5, is one of the earliest oxides studied as a cathode for Li-ion batteries because of its low cost, abundance, easy synthesis, and high energy density. However, its practical reversible capacity has been limited due to its irreversible structural change when Li insertion is more than x = 1. Tremendous efforts have been made over the last twenty years to improve the phase reversibility of LixV2O5 (e.g., 0 ≤ x ≤ 2) because of vanadium pentoxides’ potential use as high capacity cathodes in Li-ion batteries. In this thesis, a new strategy was studied to develop vanadium pentoxide cathode materials with improved phase reversibility. The first study is to synthesize vanadium oxide cathodes via a new chemical route – creating a phase transformation from the vanadium sulfide to oxide. The β-Na0.33V2O5 was prepared via a new method of chemical synthesis, involving the chemical transformation of NaVS2 via heat-treatment at 600 °C in atmospheric air. The β-Na0.33V2O5 particles were well crystalized and rod-shaped, measuring 7–15 μm long and 1–3 μm wide with the formation of the crystal defects on the surface of the particles. In contrast to previous reports contained in the literature, Na ions were extracted, without any structural collapse, from the β -Na0.33V2O5 structure and replaced with Li ions during cycling of the cell in the voltage range, 1.5 V to 4.5 V. This eventually resulted in a fully reversible Li intercalation into the LixV2O5 structure when 0.0 ≤ x ≤ 2.0. The second study is to apply the synthesis method to LiVS2 for the synthesis of β׳-LixV2O5 for use as a high performance cathode. The synthesis method is based on the heat treatment of the pure LiVS2 in atmospheric air. By employing this method of synthesis, well-crystalized, rod-shaped β׳-LixV2O5 particles 20 – 30 μm in length and 3 – 6 μm in width were obtained. Moreover, the surface of β׳-LixV2O5 particles was found to be coated by an amorphous vanadium oxysulfide film (~20 nm in thickness). In contrast to a low temperature vanadium pentoxide phase (LixV2O5), the electrochemical intercalation of lithium into the β׳-LixV2O5 was fully reversible where 0.0 < x < 2.0, and it delivered a capacity of 310 mAh/g at a current rate of 0.07 C between 1.5 V and 4 V. Good capacity retention of more than 88% was also observed after 50 cycles even at a higher current rate of 2 C. The third study is the investigation of NaVS2 as a cathode intercalation material for sodium ion batteries. We have shown that reversible electrochemical deintercalation of x ~ 1.0 Na per formula unit of NaxVS2, corresponding to a capacity of ~200 mAh/g, is possible. And a stable capacity of ~120 mAh/g after 30 cycles was observed. These studies show that the new chemical synthesis route for creating a phase transformation from the vanadium sulfide to oxide by heat treatment in air is a promising method for preparing vanadium oxide cathode material with high reversibility. Although this sample shows a relatively low voltage range compared with other cathodes such as LiCoO2 (3.8 V) and LiFePO4 (3.4 V), the large capacity of this sample is quite attractive in terms of increasing energy density in Li-ion batteries. Also, NaVS2 could be a promising cathode material for sodium ion batteries.

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