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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Ein Michelson-Interferometer für Röntgenstrahlen

Nußhardt, Michael. Unknown Date (has links)
Universiẗat, Diss., 2000--Dortmund. / Dateiformat: PDF.

Theoretical Study of Bose-Einstein Condensate-Based Atom Michelson Interferometers

Kafle, Rudra Prasad 26 April 2012 (has links)
Atom interferometers and gyroscopes are highly sensitive atom-optical devices which are capable to measure inertial, gravitational, electric, and magnetic fields and to sense rotations. Theoretically, the signal-to-noise ratio of atomic gyroscopes is about a hundred billion times more than that of their optical counterparts for the same particle flux and the enclosed area. Ultra cold atoms from a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) can easily be controlled and coherently manipulated on small chips by laser pulses. Atom-optical devices will therefore play a significant role in fundamental research, precision measurements, and navigation systems. In BEC-based atom interferometers, a BEC in a trap is split by using laser pulses, the split clouds are allowed to evolve, they are reflected, and then recombined by laser pulses to observe interference. The split clouds accumulate spatial phase because of the trap and the nonlinearity caused by atom-atom interactions. A velocity mismatch due to reflection laser pulses also introduces a phase gradient across each cloud. These factors contribute to spatial relative phase between the clouds at recombination, causing the loss of contrast of the interference fringes. The main objective of this dissertation is to study the dynamics of a split condensate in atom Michelson interferometers, investigate the effect of trap frequencies, nonlinearity, and the velocity mismatch on the contrast, and to obtain the best theoretical limit of performance in terms of the experimental parameters: trap frequencies, number of atoms, and the velocity imparted to the clouds by the splitting laser pulses.

The Design and Demodulation of Fiber-optic Hydrophones Based on Dual Sagnac Interferometers

Huang, Guo-ting 08 September 2004 (has links)
Because the acoustic wave is capable of propagating at a long-distance in water, the hydrophone plays a key role in the underwater acoustic sensing all the time. The hydrophone based on fiber optic interferometry has an extremely high sensitivity and large dynamic range. In addition, the electrically passive, immunity to electromagnetic interference, and multiplexing properties of fiber optic sensor offer great advantages over traditional piezoelectric hydrophone. Due to the complete path-balance between the two counterpropagating waves, a Sagnac interferometric configuration can employ a low-coherent light source to reduce the cost. This configuration can easily route optical paths and replace sensor heads to compare with each other. But, the sensitivity varying with frequency and the polarization-induced signal fading problem make it unsuitable for applications in need of detecting correct amplitude of signals. The Michelson interferometric configuration with Farady rotator mirror (FRM) has a constant sensitivity and solves the polarization-induced signal fading problem. But, this configuration uses a high-coherent light source and expensive FRMs, and be difficult to route. In this paper, we use the polarization-insensitive Michelson fiber optic sensor to adjust the demodulation circuits we design. In this paper, we establish the interferometric hydrophones. The fiber optic coil of the sensor head is embedded with the special materials in order to acoustic impedance matching and waterproofing. We employ phase generated carrier demodulation technology to get the acoustic signal of interest from the output of the interferometer. In our experiment, the dual Sagnac configuration has a dynamic range of 23 dB and a sensitivity of -226 dB re V/1uPa, the Michelson configuration with FRMs has a dynamic range of 25 dB and a sensitivity of -204 dB re V/1uPa.

The Configuration Analysis of Interferometric Hydrophones

Wu, Tzu-wei 04 September 2004 (has links)
The interferometeric optical fiber sensor has high sensitivity for sound signal. This characteristic is used to design hydrophones. The sound pressure causes the optical fiber to change its shape. So as to induce phase difference between sensing and reference arms. Using the demodulation system, we can get the signal we want. In this thesis, we plan to analyze three different kinds of optic configurations, such as Michelson, compensating Mach-Zehnder, hybrid configuration of Mach-Zehnder and Sagnac interferometers. The mathematical methods are used to compare their characters. We also use software to simulate the relation among sensitivity, delay fiber and frequency character of the Sagnac interferometer. In our experiment, we use PGC modulation technology and compare the results with a standard hydrophone B&K 8103 for calibration. We also measure the dynamic range of proposed three interferometers. The measurement result of this paper is as following: Michelson and compensating type Mach-Zehnder interferometer dynamic range were about 24.90 dB and 13.98 dB, the acoustic signal sensitivity was -201.67 dB re V/1uPa and -205.97 dB re V/Pa, respectively. The dynamic range of the hybrid of Mach-Zehnder and Sagnac type interferometer was 33.67 dB and acoustic signal sensitivity was -212.47 dB re V/1uPa.

The Configuration Design of Fiber Bragg Grating Hydrophones

Chou, Yu 22 July 2003 (has links)
In this paper, the fesibility of using a Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) as a sensing scheme to detect the underwater acoustic signals is analyzed. When a FBG is disturbed by an underwater sound, the wavelength of the FBG is changed. Therefore, the central spectrum of the reflected light is shifted according to the wavelength change of the FBG. This spectrum can be detected by an imbalanced two-arm interferometer. Its transfer function will be studied. Also, the polarization induced signal fading of those two-arm interferometers will be studied.

Vollautomatische Kalibrierung von Parallelendmaßen mit Hilfe der Phasenverschiebungsinterferometrie

Gruhn, Torsten M. Unknown Date (has links) (PDF)
Techn. Universiẗat, Diss., 2002--Braunschweig.

Fiber-Optic Michelson Interferometer with Faraday Mirrors for Acoustic Sensing using a 3 × 3 Coupler and Symmetric Demodulation Scheme

Gartland, Peter Lanier 02 November 2016 (has links)
For the past 40 years, acoustic sensing has been a major avenue for the growth of interfero- metric fiber-optic sensors. Fiber-optic acoustic sensors have found uses in military, commer- cial, and medical applications. An interferometric fiber-optic acoustic sensor is presented utilizing the Michelson interferometer configuration with Faraday mirrors to eliminate po- larization fading. A 3 × 3 coupler is used as the beamsplitting component, and a symmetric demodulation algorithm is applied to recover the phase signal. This sensor has a theoretical resolution of 5.5 pico-strains and room to improve. Such improvements are discussed in the conclusion. / Master of Science

FTIR method for analysis of synthesis gas

Broberg, Marina January 2013 (has links)
The research institute ETC in Piteå is working with energy technical research and development. Today, much work revolves around research about renewable sources for fuel. In one project, biomass such as wood pellet is heated up while producing synthesis gas. The synthesis gas is then analyzed using three different GC techniques. ETC wanted to be able to make all their analysis on one instrument and with a faster speed. They contacted the company Rowaco in Linköping for help with developing a method on FTIR for analysis of the synthesis gas and that has been the aim for this thesis. A method has been developed for analysis of water, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and methane. The results from this thesis show that the concentrations of the molecules in the synthesis gas are outside the calibration curved that has been made and that the high concentrations give much interference to other molecules. The thesis also shows that many areas in the spectrum from the process are roof absorbers and there is also a contamination of water and carbon dioxide in the system. Suggested improvements are to find the source for the contamination, to develop calibration points with higher concentrations, to reduce the length of the gas cell and to dilute the gas before entering the FTIR.

Interferometrické měření optického signálu v turbulenci / Interferometric measurement of optical signal in turbulence

Kovaľová, Soňa January 2019 (has links)
The aim of this thesis is to quantify the impact of atmospheric turbulence on optical signal used in free space optic communication systems. The first part is associated with atmosphere as transmission medium. Following part deals with interferometry and components of interferometers. Various methods of analysis of trasmission environment for optical beam are introduced theoretically and experimentally. Mathematical apparatus based on Kolmogorov’s cascade theory, Rytov’s variance was used to find value of structural parameter of refraction as a main measure of turbulence intensity. Experimentally obtained data were subjected to statistical analysis. The visualization of interference pattern fluctuations under turbulent conditions is shown in the last section. Interferometric method was realized with Michelson interferometer.

Creation and Experimental Validation of a Numerical Model of a Michelson Interferometer

Stancil, Maurice Marcus 07 February 2017 (has links)
The study whose results are presented here was carried out in support of an ongoing larger effort to investigate and understand the impact of coherence and polarization on the performance of instruments intended to monitor the Earth's radiant energy budget. The visibility of fringes produced by a Michelson interferometer is known to be sensitive to the degree to which the incident light beam is monochromatic. Therefore, the Michelson interferometer has significant potential as a tool for quantifying the degree of temporal coherence of a quasi-monochromatic light beam. Simulation of the performance of an optical instrument using the Monte-Carlo ray-trace (MCRT) method has been shown to be an efficient method for transferring knowledge of the coherence state of a beam of light from one instrument to another. The goal of the effort reported here is to create and experimentally validate an MCRT model for the optical performance of a Michelson interferometer. The effort is motivated by the need to consolidate the knowledge and skills of the investigator in the realm of physical optics, and by the need to make a useful analytical tool available to other investigators in the larger effort. / Master of Science

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