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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Taxiway Aircraft Traffic Scheduling: A Model and Solution Algorithms

Tian, Chunyu 2011 August 1900 (has links)
With the drastic increase in the demand for air travel, taxiway aircraft traffic scheduling is becoming increasingly important in managing air traffic. In order to reduce traffic congestion on taxiways, this thesis proposes a tool for air traffic controllers to use in decision making: a taxiway air traffic model developed using Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) that can be applied to a rolling time horizon. The objective of this model is to minimize the total taxi time, and the output is a schedule and route for each aircraft. This MIP model assumes that only the origin and destination of each aircraft is fixed; due to some uncertain factors in the air arrival and departure process, it allows for the departure time and arrival time to vary within a certain time window. This MIP model features aircraft type, and also incorporates runway crossings and runway separations. The model is programmed using C++ and Solved in CPLEX 12.1. Runways 26R and 26L of George Bush International Airport are used to find solutions. The author presents a rolling horizon method by dividing the large scheduling issue into smaller time interval problems according to the scheduled times of departure or arrival. A bound is also proposed based on the discretized time interval problems. By using partial data from George Bush International Airport (IAH), solutions are obtained. The results are compared with the bound and show fairly high optimality. Compared with the previous research, this thesis presents a model with more flexibility by considering different operations. By using the rolling horizon method, the problem is broken into smaller units that can be solved efficiently without losing much optimality.

Mixed-Integer Mathematical Programming Optimization Models and Algorithms For An Oil Tanker Routing and Scheduling Problem

Mohammed Al-Yakoob, Salem 27 February 1997 (has links)
This dissertation explores mathematical programming optimization models and algorithms for routing and scheduling ships in a maritime transportation system. Literature surveyed on seaborne transportation systems indicates that there is a scarcity of research on ship routing and scheduling problems. The complexity and the overwhelming size of a typical ship routing and scheduling problem are the primary reasons that have resulted in the scarcity of research in this area. The principal thrust of this research effort is focused at the Kuwait Petroleum Corporation (KPC) Problem. This problem is of great economic significance to the State of Kuwait, whose economy has been traditionally dominated to a large extent by the oil sector. Any enhancement in the existing ad-hoc scheduling procedure has the potential for significant savings. A mixed-integer programming model for the KPC problem is constructed in this dissertation. The resulting mathematical formulation is rather complex to solve due to (1) the overwhelming problem size for a typical demand contract scenario, (2) the integrality conditions, and (3) the structural diversity in the constraints. Accordingly, attempting to solve this formulation for a typical demand contract scenario without resorting to any aggregation or partitioning schemes is theoretically complex and computationally intractable. Motivated by the complexity of the above model, an aggregate model that retains the principal features of the KPC problem is formulated. This model is computationally far more tractable than the initial model, and consequently, it is utilized to construct a good quality heuristic solution for the KPC problem. The initial formulation is solved using CPLEX 4.0 mixed integer programming capabilities for a number of relatively small-sized test cases, and pertinent results and computational difficulties are reported. The aggregate formulation is solved using CPLEX 4.0 MIP in concert with specialized rolling horizon solution algorithms and related results are reported. The rolling horizon solution algorithms enabled us to handle practical sized problems that could not be handled by directly solving the aggregate problem. The performance of the rolling horizon algorithms may be enhanced by increasing the physical memory, and consequently, better solutions can be extracted. The potential saving and usefulness of this model in negotiation and planning purposes strongly justifies the acquisition of more computing power to tackle practical sized test problems. An ad-hoc scheduling procedure that is intended to simulate the current KPC scheduling practice is presented in this dissertation. It is shown that results obtained via the proposed rolling horizon algorithms are at least as good, and often substantially better than, results obtained via this ad-hoc procedure. / Ph. D.

Optimal Design of Sensor Parameters in PLC-Based Control System Using Mixed Integer Programming

OKUMA, Shigeru, SUZUKI, Tatsuya, MUTOU, Takashi, KONAKA, Eiji 01 April 2005 (has links)
No description available.

Unit Commitment Methods to Accommodate High Levels of Wind Generation

Melhorn, Alexander Charles 01 August 2011 (has links)
The United State’s renewable portfolio standards call for a large increase of renewable energy and improved conservation efforts over today’s current system. Wind will play a ma jor role in meeting the renewable portfolio standards. As a result, the amount of wind capacity and generation has been growing exponentially over the past 10 to 15 years. The proposed unit commitment method integrates wind energy into a scheduable resource while keeping the formulation simple using mixed integer programming. A reserve constraint is developed and added to unit commitment giving the forecasted wind energy an effective cost. The reserve constraint can be scaled based on the needs of the system: cost, reliability, or the penetration of wind energy. The results show that approximately 24% of the load can be met in the given test system, while keeping a constant reliability before and after wind is introduced. This amount of wind will alone meet many of the renewable portfolio standards in the United States.

Mixed integer programming approaches for nonlinear and stochastic programming

Vielma Centeno, Juan Pablo 06 July 2009 (has links)
In this thesis we study how to solve some nonconvex optimization problems by using methods that capitalize on the success of Linear Programming (LP) based solvers for Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP). A common aspect of our solution approaches is the use, development and analysis of small but strong extended LP/MILP formulations and approximations. In the first part of this work we develop an LP based branch-and-bound algorithm for mixed integer conic quadratic programs. The algorithm is based on a lifted polyhedral relaxation of conic quadratic constraints by Ben-Tal and Nemirovski. We test the algorithm on a series of portfolio optimization problems and show that it provides a significant computational advantage. In the second part we study the modeling of a class of disjunctive constraints with a logarithmic number of variables. For specially structured disjunctive constraints we give sufficient conditions for constructing MILP formulations with a number of binary variables and extra constraints that is logarithmic in the number of terms of the disjunction. Using these conditions we introduce formulations with these characteristics for SOS1, SOS2 constraints and piecewise linear functions. We present computational results showing that they can significantly outperform other MILP formulations. In the third part we study the modeling of non-convex piecewise linear functions as MILPs. We review several new and existing MILP formulations for continuous piecewise linear functions with special attention paid to multivariate non-separable functions. We compare these formulations with respect to their theoretical properties and their relative computational performance. In addition, we study the extension of these formulations to lower semicontinuous piecewise linear functions. Finally, in the fourth part we study the strength of MILP formulations for LPs with Probabilistic Constraints. We first study the strength of existing MILP formulations that only considers one row of the probabilistic constraint at a time. We then introduce an extended formulation that considers more than one row of the constraint at a time and use it to computationally compare the relative strength between formulations that consider one and two rows at a time.

Mixed integer programming with dose-volume constraints in intensity-modulated proton therapy

Zhang, Pengfei, Fan, Neng, Shan, Jie, Schild, Steven E., Bues, Martin, Liu, Wei 09 1900 (has links)
Background: In treatment planning for intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT), we aim to deliver the prescribed dose to the target yet minimize the dose to adjacent healthy tissue. Mixed-integer programming (MIP) has been applied in radiation therapy to generate treatment plans. However, MIP has not been used effectively for IMPT treatment planning with dose-volume constraints. In this study, we incorporated dose-volume constraints in an MIP model to generate treatment plans for IMPT. Methods: We created a new MIP model for IMPT with dose volume constraints. Two groups of IMPT treatment plans were generated for each of three patients by using MIP models for a total of six plans: one plan was derived with the Limited-memory Broyden-Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shanno (L-BFGS) method while the other plan was derived with our MIP model with dose-volume constraints. We then compared these two plans by dose-volume histogram (DVH) indices to evaluate the performance of the new MIP model with dose-volume constraints. In addition, we developed a model to more efficiently find the best balance between tumor coverage and normal tissue protection. Results: The MIP model with dose-volume constraints generates IMPT treatment plans with comparable target dose coverage, target dose homogeneity, and the maximum dose to organs at risk (OARs) compared to treatment plans from the conventional quadratic programming method without any tedious trial-and-error process. Some notable reduction in the mean doses of OARs is observed. Conclusions: The treatment plans from our MIP model with dose-volume constraints can meetall dose-volume constraints for OARs and targets without any tedious trial-and-error process. This model has the potential to automatically generate IMPT plans with consistent plan quality among different treatment planners and across institutions and better protection for important parallel OARs in an effective way.

Optimizing Surgical Scheduling Through Integer Programming and Robust Optimization

Geranmayeh, Shirin January 2015 (has links)
This thesis proposes and verifies a number of optimization models for re-designing a master surgery schedule with minimized peak inpatient load at the ward. All models include limitations on Operating Rooms and surgeons availability. Surgeons` preference is included with regards to a consistent weekly schedule over a cycle. The uncertain in patients` length of stay was incorporated using discrete probability distributions unique to each surgeon. Furthermore, robust optimization was utilized to protect against the uncertainty in the number of inpatients a surgeon may send to the ward per block. Different scenarios were developed that explore the impact of varying the availability of operating rooms on each day of the week. The models were solved using Cplex and were verified by an Arena simulation model.

A comparison of sequencing formulations in a constraint generation procedure for avionics scheduling

Boberg, Jessika January 2017 (has links)
This thesis compares different mixed integer programming (MIP) formulations for sequencing of tasks in the context of avionics scheduling. Sequencing is a key concern in many discrete optimisation problems, and there are numerous ways of accomplishing sequencing with different MIP formulations. A scheduling tool for avionic systems has previously been developed in a collaboration between Saab and Linköping University. This tool includes a MIP formulation of the scheduling problem where one of the model components has the purpose to sequence tasks. In this thesis, this sequencing component is replaced with other MIP formulations in order to study whether the computational performance of the scheduling tool can be improved. Different scheduling instances and objective functions have been used when performing the tests aiming to evaluate the performances, with the computational times of the entire avionic scheduling model determining the success of the different MIP formulations for sequencing. The results show that the choice of MIP formulation makes a considerable impact on the computational performance and that a significant improvement can be achieved by choosing the most suitable one.

Effektiviseringsmöjligheter avseende fyllnadsgrad : En jämförande analys mellan nuläge och optimerat resultat

Axelsson, Manfred, Johansson, Amandus January 2016 (has links)
The study aims to provide information on efficiency opportunities on SCA's northbound cassettes. It has been made by examining the capacity utilization rate on the northbound cassettes on SCA's vessels for a period of two weeks. The cargo loaded in the ports of Rotterdam and Sheerness consists of external cargo of varying shape. The cargo is shipped northbound to Holmsund and Sundsvall. Measurements have been made on the cargo to the final destinations Sundsvall, Holmsund and Finland. The measurements have been used in a mathematical optimization model created to optimize the loading of the cassettes. The model is based on placing boxes in a grid where the boxes that are placed representing the cargo and the grids representing the cassettes. The aim of the model is to reduce the number of cassettes and thereby increase the capacity utilization rate. The study resulted in an increase in capacity utilization rate for both area and volume to all destinations. The overall improvement for all cassettes examined resulted in an increase in the area capacity utilization rate by 9.02 percentage points and 5.72 percentage points for the volume capacity utilization rate. It also resulted in a decrease of 22 cassettes in total on the four voyages that were examined which indicate that there are opportunities to improve the capacity utilization rate. The study also shows that the model can be used as a basis for similar problems.

Robust optimization with applications in maritime inventory routing

Zhang, Chengliang 27 May 2016 (has links)
In recent years, the importance of incorporating uncertainty into planning models for logistics and transportation systems has been widely recognized in the Operations Research and transportation science communities. Maritime transportation, as a major mode of transport in the world, is subject to a wide range of disruptions at the strategic, tactical and operational levels. This thesis is mainly concerned with the development of robustness planning strategies that can mitigate the effects of some major types of disruptions for an important class of optimization problems in the shipping industry. Such problems arise in the creation and negotiation of long-term delivery contracts with customers who require on-time deliveries of high-value goods throughout the year. In this thesis, we consider the disruptions that can increase travel times between ports and ultimately affect one or more scheduled deliveries to the customers. Computational results show that our integrated solution procedure and robustness planning strategies can generate delivery plans that are both economical as well as robust against uncertain disruptions.

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