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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Conjugated dithiols as model systems for molecular electronics: assembly, structure, and electrical response

Kraptchetov, Dmitri A., 1982- 29 August 2008 (has links)
Molecular assemblies are promising candidates for nano-scale electronics due to their chemical and structural versatility. The successful fabrication of assembly-based nano-scale electronics, where molecular assemblies comprise the electrically-active components, requires the ability to reliably form molecular assemblies and the ability to 'wire them into electrical junctions. This dissertation focuses on the processing-structure relationships of model conjugated dithiols, the formation of electrical junctions with these molecular assemblies, and the characterization of these junctions. Biphenyldithiol (BPDT), terphenyldithiol (TPDT), and quaterphenyldithiol (QPDT) are assembled in solution from their thioacetyl precursors which are converted in-situ to thiolates using NH4OH. We elucidated how the type of substrate, the solvent quality, and the concentrations of NH4OH and the thioacetyl precursors affect the final structures of these assemblies. BPDT molecular assemblies are disordered on both gold (Au) and gallium arsenide (GaAs) at all conditions explored. TPDT and QPDT adopt the most upright molecular orientations on both Au and GaAs when the assembly is carried out from EtOH-rich solutions at low NH4OH and high precursor concentrations. At these conditions, the assembly formation process is dominated by the adsorption of thioacetylterminated molecules. When the assembly is carried with high NH4OH and low precursor concentrations, adsorption is dominated by thiolates; TPDT and QPDT are disordered on Au and GaAs. None of the molecules adsorb significantly on GaAs from THF. The presence of S-Au bonds at the molecular assembly -- top Au contact interface was directly probed by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Depositing Au electrodes on QPDT assemblies by nTP in dichloroethane results in the reproducible formation of S-Au bonds at the molecule-Au interface. Finally, we measured the electrical response of the model conjugated molecular assemblies on GaAs through direct contact with galinstan. The current densities scale inversely with the tunneling distance, which is determined by factors including the length of the conjugated molecule and the molecular orientation of the assembly. We also examined the electrical response of GaAs--QPDT--Au junctions in which the Au electrodes were transferred using an elastomeric stamps. The electrical characteristics of these junctions were independent of orientation of the molecules and the presence of SAu bonds at the charge transfer nterface. Hydrocarbon contamination on the Au electrodes left by the elastomeric stamp during transfer masked any electrical response from QPDT. It is therefore crucial to ensure the pristine quality of the electrical contact in order to reliably measure the electrical response of the molecular assembly. The fabrication and testing of assembly-based electrical junctions is challenging in terms of both controlling the assembly structures and measuring their electrical response. Careful attention must therefore be paid to each aspect of molecular assemblybased junction formation and characterization. / text
2

Synthesis of block copolymers

Simpson, Jon Harold, 1946- January 1969 (has links)
No description available.
3

Investigation of the effect of radiation on the thermophoretic motion of soot particles in free-molecular regime

Sarangapani, Vamshi Krishna, January 2005 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis(M.S.)--Auburn University, 2005. / Abstract. Vita. Includes bibliographic references.
4

Conjugated dithiols as model systems for molecular electronics assembly, structure, and electrical response /

Kraptchetov, Dmitri A., January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Texas at Austin, 2008. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references.
5

Controlling protein-silicone interactions by the modification of silicone elastomers with poly(ethylene oxide) /

Ragheb, Amro M. Brook, Michael A., January 2005 (has links)
Thesis (Ph.D.)--McMaster University, 2005. / Supervisor: Michael A. Brook. Includes bibliographical references. Also available online.
6

Quantum chemical studies of spectroscopy and electrochemistry of large conjugated molecular systems

Cho, Sangik, January 1900 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Texas at Austin, 2009. / Title from PDF title page (University of Texas Digital Repository, viewed on Aug. 12, 2009). Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 99-105).
7

Determinants of cis-trans isomerism of the aromatic-prolyl amide bond and design of lathanide-binding peptides

Meng, Hai Yun. January 2006 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--University of Delaware, 2006. / Principal faculty advisor: Neal Zondlo, Dept. of Chemistry & Biochemistry. Includes bibliographical references.
8

Theorectical investigations of PI-PI AND Sulfur-PI interactions and their roles in biomolecluar systems

Tauer, Anthony Philip. January 2005 (has links)
Thesis (M. S.)--Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2006. / Bredas, Jean-Luc, Committee Member ; Sherrill, C. David, Committee Chair ; Hernandez, Rigoberto, Committee Member.
9

Porphyrin self-assembly on gold for the design of molecular biorecognition surfaces /

Boeckl, Maximiliane Silvia, January 2000 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Washington, 2000. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 179-191).
10

The supramolecular chemistry of novel synthetic biomacromolecular assemblies

Naidoo, Venthan B. 04 1900 (has links)
Dissertation (PhD)--Stellenbosch University, 2004 / ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Over the past decade peptide bola-amphiphiles have been the subject of much attention because of their role as potential models of functionalised membranes and as new generation surfactants. In the quest for new surfactants a peptidomimetic-based approach was used to design a library of novel 'hybrid' bola-amphiphilic peptide surfactants derived from sapecin B and a model symmetrical oligo-glycine bola-amphiphile. The library was divided into different series, each one purpose-built; first, to investigate hierarchal supramolecular architecture and, second, to investigate potential antimicrobial activity. The bola-amphiphiles were synthesised using Fmoc-polyamide based solid phase peptide synthesis and purified via high performance liquid chromatography. The peptide hybrids were characterised using electro spray mass spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance, different modes of electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and, in some cases, further studies were done using circular dichroism and bioactivity tests. The model bola-amphiphile suberamide(GGh was synthesised using peptide fragment condensation based on solid phase peptide synthesis. The synthesis is bi-directional (N~C and C~N) and versatile, making it possible to synthesis new dicarboxylic oligopeptide bola-amphiphiles and other analogous compounds. The product, suberarnide(GG)2, was purified using its inherent ability to self-assemble in an acidic solution. Novel asymmetrical bola-amphiphiles composed of dipeptide head groups linked via an aliphatic (I)-amino acid, serving as a hydrocarbon spacer, were also synthesized. Two small libraries of bola-amphiphiles were established - the first involved variation in to-amino acid length and the other variation in the C-terminal amino acid. The bolaamphiphiles were self-assembled in either 0.1% trif1uoroacetic acid or 0.1% triethylamine. Electron microscopy revealed the formation of a variety of higher order supramolecular architectures based on ~-sheet self-assembly. FT-IR spectrometry indicated that interlayer and intralayer hydrogen bond networks, together with strong selfassociation, promoted by the hydrophobic effect and, in certain instances, electrostatic interactions, are responsible for the variety of supramolecular architectures. Variations in the higher order structures can be attributed to amino acid composition, specifically length of m-amino acid, nature of the C-terminal amino acid and the optimised solvent conditions used for the self-assembly process. A third library of novel 'hybrid' bola-amphiphilic peptide surfactants, in which a cationic tripeptide motif from antimicrobial peptides was combined in a hybrid molecule containing a oi-amino acid residue, was established. These bola-amphiphiles displayed potent antimicrobial activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria; the analogues were as active or more active than the leader peptides yet, remarkably, displayed little or no appreciable haemolytic activity. These organopeptide bolaamphiphiles thus demonstrated selective toxicity towards bacteria. The hydrophobicity imparted by the co-amino acid has contrasting effects on haemolysis and antimicrobial activity of the peptide analogues. The other unique feature of these peptides and their analogues is the fact they self-assembled into complex supramolecular architectures, composed primarily of ~-sheets. Their self-assembly is primarily governed by hydrophobic interactions together with inter and intralayer hydrogen bonding. Electron microscopy clearly revealed higher order structures for both peptides and analogues. The generation of higher order supramolecular architecture is dependent on optimisation of ~- sheet self-assembly whereas antimicrobial activity is dependent on the balance between net positive charge and optimum hydrophobicity of the peptide hybrids. This study has demonstrated that it is possible to design hybrid peptide surfactants capable of producing higher order supramolecular architecture and improving the antimicrobial activity whilst reducing the haemolytic effect. The study and design of these versatile 'purpose-built' bio-inspired surfactants heralds a novel approach, one that shows tremendous potential. / AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die afgelope dekade het bola-amfifiliese peptiede baie aandag geniet weens hulle rolle as potensiële modelle van gefunksionaliseerde membrane en as 'n nuwe generasie surfaktante. In die soeke na nuwe surfaktante is 'n peptiedornimetiese benadering gevolg om 'n biblioteek van nuwe "hibried" bola-amfifiliese peptiedsurfaktante van sapesien B en 'n simmetriese oligoglisien bola-amfifil af te lei. Die biblioteek is in verskillende reekse onderverdeel. Elke reeks is doelmatig vervaardig om ondersoek in te stel na twee aspekte, nl. die rangorde van die supramolekulêre strukture en die potensiële antirnikrobiese aktiwiteit. Fmoc-poliamied gebaseerde soliedefase-peptied-sin-tese is aangewend vir die sintese van die bola-amfifile en hulle is met behulp van hoë doeltreffendheid vloeistofchromatografie gesuiwer. Die peptiedhibriede is gekarakteriseer met behulp van elekrosproei massaspektrometrie, kern-magnetiese resonansie, verskillende modusse elektronrnikroskopie, Fourier-transform infrarooispektrometrie en, in sommige gevalle is verdere studies met sirkulêre dichroïsme en bioaktiwiteitstoetsing uitgevoer. Die bola-amfifilsuberamiedtflfij--model is met behulp van peptiedfragment-konden-sasie gesintetiseer gegrond op soliedefase-peptiedsintese. Dit sintese vind in twee rigtings plaas (N~C en C~N) en is veelsydig aangesien dit die sintese van sowel nuwe dikar-boksielbola- amfifile as ander analoë verbindings moontlik maak. Die produk, suber-arnied(GG)2, is gesuiwer met behulp van die verbinding se inherente vermoë tot self-montering in suur oplossings. Nuwe assimetriese bola-amfifile, saamgestel uit dipeptiedkopgroepe, gekoppel via 'n alifatiese ro-aminosuur, wat as koolwaterstofspasieerder dien, is ook gesintetiseer. Twee klein bola-amfifilbiblioteke is saamgestel - die een het variasies in die ro-aminosuur se lengte omvat en die ander een variasies in die C-terrninale aminosuur. Selfmontering van die bola-amfifile het plaasgevind in of 0,1 % trifluorasynsuur Of 0,1 % trietielamien. Elektronrnikroskopie het die bestaan van 'n verskeidenheid hoërorde supramolekulêre strukture, gegrond op p-plaatselfmontering, aangetoon. Uit FT-IR-spektrometrie blyk dit dat inter - en intralaag waterstofbinbdingsnetwerke en sterk selfassosiasie, 19. word bevorder deur die hidrofobiese effek en, in sekere gevalle, elektrostatiese interaksies, is verantwoordelik vir die verskeidenheid supramolekulêre strukture. Variasies in die hoërorde strukture kan toegeskryf word aan aminosuursamestelling, in besonder die lengte van die ro-aminosuur, die aard van die C-terminale aminosuur en die geoptimiseerde oplosmiddelkondisies wat gebruik is vir die selfmonteringsproses. 'n Derde biblioteek nuwe "hibried" bola-amfifiliese peptiedsurfaktante, waarin 'n kationiese tripeptiedmotief uit antimikrobiale peptiede gekombineer is met 'n m-aminosuurresidu, is geskep. Sommige van hierdie bola-amfifile het 'n kragtige antimikrobiese aktiwiteit teenoor sowel Gram-positiewe as Gram-negatiewe bakterieë gertoon. Die analoë strukture was aktief, of selfs meer aktief as die voorste peptiede maar het, verbasend genoeg, nie 'n beduidende hemolitiese aktiwiteit vertoon nie. Hierdie organopeptied bola-amfifil het dus 'n selektiewe toksisiteit teenoor bakterieë vertoon. Die hidrofo-bisiteit, as gevolg van die ui-aminosuur, het 'n resiproke effek op hemolise en die antimikrobiese aktiwiteit van die peptiedanaloë. Die ander uitstaande kenmerk van die peptiede en hulle analoë is die vermoë om te selfmonteer en komplekse supramolekulêre strukture, bestaande hoofsaaklik uit ~-plate, te vorm. Hierdie selfmontering word in hoofsaak beheer deur hidrofobiese interaksies asook inter - en intralaagwaterstofbinding. Elektronmikroskopie het duidelik hoërorde strukture getoon by sowel dié peptiede as hulle analoë. Die ontwikkeling van hoërorde supramolekulêre struktuurvorms is afhanklik van die optimalisering van die ~-plaatselfmontering. Daarteenoor is die antimikro-biese aktiwiteit afhanklik van die balans tussen die netto positiewe lading en die opti-male hidrofobisiteit van die peptiedhibriede. Hierdie studie het getoon dat dit moontlik is om hibriedsurfaktante te ontwerp wat hoërorde supramolekulêre strukture te produseer en om die antimikrobiese aktiwiteit te verbeter terwyl die hemolitiese effek verminder word. Die studie en ontwerp van hier-die veeldoelige, "doelmatig-gesintetiseerde" biogeïnspireerde surfakante stel 'n unieke benadering daar, wat oor groot potensiaal beskik.

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