Fabrication, modification and self-assembly of metallic nano-particles for localized surface plasmon resonance and surface enhanced vibrational spectroscopy applicationsFan, Meikun 12 September 2012 (has links)
Metallic nanoparticles (MNPs), especially those made of gold, silver, and copper, are of great importance in many scientific disciplines. The free electrons inside the MNPs can respond collectively to applied electromagnetic fields. This is called the excitation of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR). One of tile most important aspects of surface plasmons (SPs) excitation is that it allows the localization of 'the electromagnetic field al certain regions of tile nanostructured surface (or, in other words, the local field is "enhanced"). Based on this. surface enhanced Ramlln scattering ( ERS) and localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) sensing can be realized. The work in this thesis can be divided in two parts: These include the exploration of self-assembled MNPs as new substrates for surface enhanced vibrational spectroscopy: and the sensing applications of these assembled MNPs. In the first part. the assembly ofMNPs on gold electrodes and glass slides were explored. Firstly. "layer-by-layer"' self-assembly of Au NPs on gold electrode was used to construct n highly sensitive and reproducible SERS substrate that can work in an electrochemical environment. The SERS perfonlmnce. in terms of enhancement and reproducibility, with the the numbers Au NPs "Iayers", was examined. Meanwhile, the potential window. during which a reproducible in sit" SERS experiment can be performed, was investigated. The possibility of such kind of substrate to be used in surface enhanced polarization modulation infrared absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS) was also discussed. The "layer-by-layer" self-assembly idea was extended to Ag NPs supported on glass. The resulted substrate revealed that after multiple time self-assembly, the SERS enhancement performance of lhe substrate can be 3 to 4 orders of magnitude higher than just one Ag NPs deposition, depending on the wavelength used. Using this substrate, a near-single-molecule sensitivity has been achieved. In the second pan, sensing applications of the assembled MNPs were examined. The multiple "layers" Au NPs on gold electrode was used to characterize a sample biofuel cell anode, which consists three molecular "layers": the linker 4-hydroxyphenol (HTP), the co-enzyme analog Cibacron blue (CB), and the formaldehyde dehydrogenase (FaIDH). (In situ) SERS spectra or the sample biofuel cell at different construction stages were recorded and compared. The work about self-assembly ofAg NPs on glass was extended to fiber optics. The tip of a fiber optic was modified with multiple "layers" ofAg PSt and the analytical performance for remote sensing of this device was examined by the using of dyes with different structures and charges. It was found that this device was among one of the most sensitive SERS remote sensors when compared to the literature. Finally, a LSPR biosensor based on self-assembly of Ag NPs on PET, a common type of plastic, has been developed. The advantage of this sensor is that the surface of the Ag Ps was able to be tailored into differenl functional groups, and therefore met different requirements. Sample analysis for biological relevant species was performed. / Graduate
Synthesis of functionalized gold nanoparticles and their controlled organization into ordered one- and two-dimensional assemblies on DNA templates /Woehrle, Gerd Heinz, January 2004 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Oregon, 2004. / Typescript. Includes vita and abstract. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 184-204). Also available for download via the World Wide Web; free to University of Oregon users.
Mechanistic insights on nanoparticle formation : investigation of reaction pathways and development of controlled synthesis for triphenylphosphine-stabilized undecagold /McKenzie, Lallie Cobb, January 2009 (has links)
Typescript. Includes vita and abstract. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 161-176) Also available online in ProQuest, free to University of Oregon users.
Synthesis and characterization of functionalized gold nanoparticles and their rational arrangement on DNA scaffolds /Warner, Marvin Glen, January 2003 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Oregon, 2003. / Typescript. Includes vita and abstract. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 184-204). Also available for download via the World Wide Web; free to University of Oregon users.
A study of nanoparticle aggregation using novel x-ray and permeability techniques a thesis presented to the faculty of the Graduate School, Tennessee Technological University /Fox, James Brent, January 2008 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--Tennessee Technological University, 2008. / Title from title page screen (viewed on Sept. 24, 2009). Bibliography: leaves 79-82.
Trinidad, Janice Adona, 1976-
14 June 2012
Not available / text
Choi, Okkyoung. Hu, Zhiqiang.
Title from PDF of title page (University of Missouri--Columbia, viewed on Feb. 23, 2010). The entire thesis text is included in the research.pdf file; the official abstract appears in the short.pdf file; a non-technical public abstract appears in the public.pdf file. Dissertation advisor: Dr. Zhiqiang Hu. Vita. Includes bibliographical references.
Bahadory, Mozhgan. Solomon, Sally.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Drexel University, 2008. / Includes abstract and vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 183).
Synthesis, characterization and analytical separation of fluorescent water-soluble carbon nanoparticlesHu, Qin 12 January 2015 (has links)
This thesis mainly consists of two parts. The first part is concentrated on synthesizing amine/carboxylic-functionalized carbon nanoparticles (CNP) and investigating its fundamental properties in the aid of capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). In this part, CNP is synthesized from citric acid (CA) and 1,2-ethylenediamine (EDA) by a microwave-assisted pyrolysis method. The resultant CNP is characterized by absorption and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and infrared spectroscopy (IR) to determine its overall optical properties, morphology and composition. Followed by this, the CNP product is separated and analyzed by CZE coupled with UV absorption and laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) detections. Under optimal pH and concentration of run buffer, the effect of reaction time and mole ratio of amine (NH2) to carboxylic acid (COOH) moieties of the precursors on the CNP species present in CNP products are studied. Our results show that the synthesis of CNP could be improved by lengthening the microwave irradiation time and optimizing the initial mole ratio of NH2/COOH in the precursors. Negatively charged CNP are obtained only when the amount of CA exceeds that of EDA, i.e., the mole ratio of NH2/COOH is 0.250.80. By contrast, when the quantity (in mole) of NH2 in EDA is equal to or larger than that of COOH in CA, only positively charged and neutral CNP species are formed, inferring that the CNP species are predominantly covered by the surface-attached ammonium and amido moieties. This work highlights the merit of CZE to identify the composition of an as-prepared CNP product which is pretty much dependent on the mole ratio of NH2/COOH. In addition, we carry out reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with fluorescence detection (RP-HPLC-FD) methodology to study the properties of each individual CNP species. Under optimal mobile phase and elution gradient conditions, the effect of mole ratio of NH2/COOH in the initial reagents on CNP product is studied. At NH2/COOH = 0.67, the strongest fluorescence CNP sample is obtained. The separated CNP fractions are collected and further characterized by UV-visible absorption and PL spectroscopy, CE, TEM, and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). The absorption and PL emission bands (λem) of the fractions are bathochromatically shifted with the elution order of CNP on RP-HPLC. The TEM images prove that CNP are eluted from the smallest to the largest. The MALDI-TOF MS data show that CNP undergo fragmentations, closely relating to their surface-attached carboxylic acid and amide/amine moieties. This work highlights the merit of RP-HPLC coupled with fluorescence detection, TEM and MS for isolation and characterization of individual CNP species present in a CNP sample. By application of CE and HPLC separation for CNP product, better understandings of the hidden fundamental properties of CNP are achieved. The two separation techniques are well complementary to each. On one hand, CE is able to separate both positively and negatively charged CNP species which cannot be retained and separated by HPLC column, facilitating the investigation of different charge states of CNP species present in a CNP product. On the other hand, the preparative property of HPLC allows for multi-collection of the separated CNP fractions which is difficult in the case of CE analysis owning to its low sample injection volume. By using HPLC separation, the individual CNP fractions can be collected for more precious investigation of their unique photophysical and chemical properties by absorption and PL spectroscopy, TEM and MALDI-TOF MS. The second part is focused on preparing CNP from naturally available bioresources and investigating the effect of doped heteroatoms on nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S)-doped carbon nanoparticles (N,S-CNP) based on our proposed modern RP-HPLC-FD methodology which has been proved to be useful in separating and analyzing CNP in the first part of this work. In this part, ultrasmall N,S-CNP is prepared by microwave-assisted pyrolysis of precursors of rice as carbon source and N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) as N and S dopants. The obtained N,S-CNP are fully characterized by elemental analysis, FTIR, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, TEM, UV-vis absorption and PL spectroscopy. Meanwhile, undoped CNP (derived from rice only) is also synthesized and characterized. The chemical compositions, sizes and spectral properties of undoped CNP (derived from rice only) and N,S-CNP are demonstrated to be different from each other. With the assistance of RP-HPLC-FD, the effect of different mass ratios of NAC to rice (NAC/rice) on N,S-CNP is investigated. When the NAC/rice increases from 0.20 to 0.80, the signals of the later eluted peaks increase progressively, indicating that higher NAC/rice benefits the generation of CNP with stronger fluorescence emissions. The HPLC-separated N,S-CNP fractions are collected and further characterized by MALDI-TOF MS, UV-vis absorption and PL spectroscopy, showing that the structural changes induced by doping with heteroatoms N and S plays a key role in regulating the PL properties of the N,S-CNP
Poly(N-Isopropylacrylamide) based microgels : I Fundamental properties of core/shell microgels II Assembly and photothermal patterning of microgel colloidal crystalsJones, Clinton D. 05 1900 (has links)
No description available.
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