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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Development of a parallel access optical disk system for high speed pattern recognition

Davison, Christopher January 1997 (has links)
Pattern recognition is a rapidly expanding area of research, with applications ranging from character recognition and component inspection to robotic guidance and military reconnaissance. The basic principle of image recognition is that of comparing the unknown image with many known reference images or 'filters', until a match is found. By comparing the unknown image with a large data bank of filters, the diversity of the application can be extended. The work presented in this thesis details the practical development of an optical disk based memory system as applied in various optical correlators for pattern recognition purposes. The characteristics of the holographic optical disk as a storage medium are investigated in terms of information capacity and signal to noise ratio, where a fully automated opto-mechanical system has been developed for the control of the optical disk and the processing of the information recorded. A liquid crystal television has been used as a Spatial Light Modulator for inputting the image data, and as such, the device characteristics have been considered with regard to processing both amplitude and phase information. Three main configurations of optical correlator have been applied, specifically an image plane correlator, a VanderLugt correlator, and an Anamorphic correlator. Character recognition has been used to demonstrate correlator performance, where simple matched filtering has been applied, subsequent to which, an improvement in class discrimination has been demonstrated with the application of the Minimum Average Correlation Energy filter. The information processing rate obtained as a result of applying 2D parallel processing has been shown to be many orders of magnitude larger than that available with comparable serial based digital systems.

The design and application of multi-layer neural networks

Hoskins, Bradley Graham January 1995 (has links)
Thesis (MEng in Electronic Engineering)--University of South Australia, 1995

Constructive neural networks : generalisation, convergence and architectures

Treadgold, Nicholas K., Computer Science & Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, UNSW January 1999 (has links)
Feedforward neural networks trained via supervised learning have proven to be successful in the field of pattern recognition. The most important feature of a pattern recognition technique is its ability to successfully classify future data. This is known as generalisation. A more practical aspect of pattern recognition methods is how quickly they can be trained and how reliably a good solution is found. Feedforward neural networks have been shown to provide good generali- sation on a variety of problems. A number of training techniques also exist that provide fast convergence. Two problems often addressed within the field of feedforward neural networks are how to improve thegeneralisation and convergence of these pattern recognition techniques. These two problems are addressed in this thesis through the frame- work of constructive neural network algorithms. Constructive neural networks are a type of feedforward neural network in which the network architecture is built during the training process. The type of architecture built can affect both generalisation and convergence speed. Convergence speed and reliability areimportant properties of feedforward neu- ral networks. These properties are studied by examining different training al- gorithms and the effect of using a constructive process. A new gradient based training algorithm, SARPROP, is introduced. This algorithm addresses the problems of poor convergence speed and reliability when using a gradient based training method. SARPROP is shown to increase both convergence speed and the chance of convergence to a good solution. This is achieved through the combination of gradient based and Simulated Annealing methods. The convergence properties of various constructive algorithms are examined through a series of empirical studies. The results of these studies demonstrate that the cascade architecture allows for faster, more reliable convergence using a gradient based method than a single layer architecture with a comparable num- ber of weights. It is shown that constructive algorithms that bias the search direction of the gradient based training algorithm for the newly added hidden neurons, produce smaller networks and more rapid convergence. A constructive algorithm using search direction biasing is shown to converge to solutions with networks that are unreliable and ine??cient to train using a non-constructive gradient based algorithm. The technique of weight freezing is shown to result in larger architectures than those obtained from training the whole network. Improving the generalisation ability of constructive neural networks is an im- portant area of investigation. A series of empirical studies are performed to examine the effect of regularisation on generalisation in constructive cascade al- gorithms. It is found that the combination of early stopping and regularisation results in better generalisation than the use of early stopping alone. A cubic regularisation term that greatly penalises large weights is shown to be benefi- cial for generalisation in cascade networks. An adaptive method of setting the regularisation magnitude in constructive networks is introduced and is shown to produce generalisation results similar to those obtained with a fixed, user- optimised regularisation setting. This adaptive method also oftenresults in the construction of smaller networks for more complex problems. The insights obtained from the SARPROP algorithm and from the convergence and generalisation empirical studies are used to create a new constructive cascade algorithm, acasper. This algorithm is extensively benchmarked and is shown to obtain good generalisation results in comparison to a number of well-respected and successful neural network algorithms. A technique of incorporating the validation data into the training set after network construction is introduced and is shown to generally result in similar or improved generalisation. The di??culties of implementing a cascade architecture in VLSI are described and results are given on the effect of the cascade architecture on such attributes as weight growth, fan-in, network depth, and propagation delay. Two variants of the cascade architecture are proposed. These new architectures are shown to produce similar generalisation results to the cascade architecture, while also addressing the problems of VLSI implementation of cascade networks.

The design and application of multi-layer neural networks

Hoskins, Bradley Graham January 1995 (has links)
Thesis (MEng in Electronic Engineering)--University of South Australia, 1995

Constructive neural networks : generalisation, convergence and architectures /

Treadgold, Nicholas K. January 1999 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of New South Wales, 1999. / Also available online.

A morphological characterisation of central neural pathways to the kidney /

Sly, David James. January 2005 (has links)
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Melbourne, Howard Florey Institute, 2005. / Typescript. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 200-272).

Micro-net the parallel path artificial neuron /

Murray, Andrew Gerard William. January 2007 (has links)
Thesis (Ph.D) - Swinburne University of Technology, Faculty of Information & Communication Technologies, 2006. / A dissertation presented for the fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy, Faculty of Information and Communication Technology, Swinburne University of Technology, 2007. Typescript. Includes bibliography.

A simple artificial neural network development system for study and research /

Southworth, David, January 1991 (has links)
Report (M.S.)--Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. M.S. 1991. / Vita. Abstract. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 113-114). Also available via the Internet.

Temporal EKG signal classification using neural networks /

Mohr, Sheila Jean. January 1991 (has links)
Project report (M. Eng.)--Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1991. / Abstract. Includes bibliographical references (leaf 79). Also available via the Internet.

Training and optimization of product unit neural networks

Ismail, Adiel. January 2001 (has links)
Thesis (M. Sc.)(Computer Science)--University of Pretoria, 2001. / Summaries in Afrikaans and English.

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