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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
51

A reliability program for nuclear power plant emergency diesel generators

Peters, Kenneth John 16 February 2010 (has links)
Master of Science
52

Capital budgeting model for a nuclear power plant using multiattribute decision analysis

Pinion, Michael G. 30 March 2010 (has links)
Master of Science
53

Derivation of Operational Intervention Levels for the early phase of radioactive material at Koeberg Nuclear Power Station

Trollope, Ian Douglas 29 January 2015 (has links)
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science, Joannesburg, 2014. / An investigation was performed to look at a method to develop easy to use field survey measurements to assist decision makers in the process of deriving public protective actions. This method could be used at a nuclear power plant if certain accident conditions are known. International values for operational intervention levels (OIL’s) do exist and are recommended to be employed if station specific data has not been derived. No values exist specific to Koeberg Nuclear Power Station and as a result, this became an ideal opportunity to derive station specific values. It was firstly necessary to decide on a specific accident type and hence an applicable accident release fraction. A suitable accident software dispersion code was applied to calculate the organ doses for the selected accident type. It was also decided to use two different wind dispersion criteria to further refine the results. Due to the complexities of dose distribution within the body it was also necessary to look at the gamma dose in isolation as this would be the measurement radiation type utilised as a limit in the field either using installed radiation monitors or by physical measurement performed by station Radiation Protection staff. Comparisons were done with thyroid and lung dose versus gamma dose to arrive at ratios for this specific accident type. This would then be indicative of the total dose to each organ as a result of a single field measurement. Conclusions were drawn on the results obtained and recommendations were made for when this type of data may be suitable for use in the unlikely event of a nuclear accident.
54

The development and application of a new probabilistic analysis technique for nuclear risk calculations /

Kurth, Robert E. January 1985 (has links)
No description available.
55

The Future of Nuclear Energy in Florida

Edwards, James Wayne 01 October 1974 (has links) (PDF)
No description available.
56

Critical Exposure Pathways: An Analysis of the Environmental Impact of Gaseous Effluents from Light-Water-Cooled Reactors

Danna, Robert 01 April 1979 (has links) (PDF)
The analysis of the environmental impact of routine radioactive gaseous releases from operating nuclear power stations is discussed using a radiation dose assessment. This analysis includes a discussion of the origin of radionuclide effluents, a discussion of federal policies, and a calculation of radiation doses to man. A model of estimating the radioactive dose from gaseous effluents from light-water-cooled reactors is described using guidelines described in the Code of Federal Regulations and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Regulatory Guides. The environmental impact of these sources is then analyzed using dose rates calculated along critical exposure pathways for various radioactive nuclides. Examples are given using factors that have been heretofore documented in the literature. The major radionuclides in the airborne effluents from a PWR, used as an example are noble gases, H-3, radioiodines, and radioactive particles. The results from the methodologies described in this paper are compared to federal radiation limits.
57

Advanced technological solutions to the negative perceptions of nuclear power plants

Joubert, Gideon Daniel January 2018 (has links)
Thesis (Master of Engineering in Electrical Engineering)--Cape Peninsula University of Technology, 2018. / Worldwide a movement is underway to replace the burning of limited fossil fuel reserves for power generation with a cleaner, more efficient, yet still reliable and cost-effective method. Even though renewable technologies are often among the most common proposed, they are still limited by factors such as cost when considering large scale generation. Further requirements for replacing fossil fuel generation methods include the need to provide a continuous and reliable output for base load requirements, which is difficult to guarantee when making use of renewables alone. The proposed alternative is nuclear energy, as it is a reliable and cleaner method of power generation as compared to fossil fuels, capable of providing cost effective energy in the long run. The downside to nuclear energy, however, is the negative perception and general dislike of this method of generation, especially among the public who have been around this technology since its early days of implementation. The aim of this study is, therefore, to inform and prove that nuclear technology has evolved and come a long way since its early days, by making use of advanced technological solutions to address the fears associated with this technology from many years ago. The study further aims to prove that technologies such as advanced safety systems, new generations of reactors, advanced containment structures for both reactors and waste containment, as well as new waste disposal methods, have evolved nuclear energy into a safer and cleaner alternative method of power generation. This is achieved by first considering the origin of the negative perceptions surrounding the technology, and the nuclear accidents of the past, which have greatly influenced opinions about nuclear technology even up until today. After identifying the concerns and fears surrounding nuclear energy, research was conducted concerning how the latest technologies and innovations in safety systems are used to address these concerns, and ultimately eliminate the threats where possible. With the biggest concern identified, namely a core meltdown event leading to the release of radioactive material into the environment, two simulations were conducted to illustrate the unlikelihood of such an event occurring. The purpose of these simulations was, moreover, to illustrate the complexity and reliability of the various safety systems incorporated into the design of a nuclear power plant, preventing such a feared release of radioactivity from occurring. The research also importantly revealed that the dangers and possible threats posed by nuclear technology are often grossly overestimated, as under normal operating conditions a coal power plant, in fact, releases more radiation into the environment than a nuclear power plant. Further research reveals that the feared nuclear waste, produced by the nuclear industry yet regulated and disposed of properly, is only a small fraction of the highly hazardous waste produced on an annual basis worldwide. It is also revealed that in terms of fatalities, fossil fuel generation, on average, is responsible for more deaths annually than the biggest nuclear disasters that have ever occurred. Addressing the fears and concerns surrounding nuclear technology is therefore important, as this valuable resource may otherwise remain under-appreciated and under-utilised because of the misperceptions which currently exist amongst the public. This furthermore results in the unnecessary exhaustion of fossil fuel reserves, and concomitant pollution of the environment – all due to antiquated fears surrounding nuclear power plants.
58

Reducing the activation of the IRIS reactor building using the SCALE/MAVRIC methodology

McKillop, Jordan M. 20 November 2009 (has links)
The main objective of this research is: (1) to develop a model and perform numerical simulations to evaluate the radiation field and the resulting dose to personnel and activation of materials and structures throughout the IRIS nuclear power plant, and (2) to confirm that the doses are below the regulatory limit, and assess the possibility to reduce the activation of the concrete walls around the reactor vessel to below the free release limit. IRIS is a new integral pressurized water reactor (PWR) developed by an international team led by Westinghouse with an electrical generation capacity of 335 MWe and passive safety systems. Its design differs from larger loop PWRs in that a single building houses the containment as well as all the associated equipment including the control room that must be staffed continuously. The resulting small footprint has positive safety and economic implications, and the integral layout provides additional shielding and thus the opportunity to significantly reduce the activation, but it also leads to significantly more challenging simulations. The difficulty in modeling the entire building is the fact that the source is attenuated over 10 orders of magnitude before ever reaching the accessible areas. For an analog Monte Carlo simulation with no acceleration (variance reduction), it would take many processor-years of computation to generate results that are statistically meaningful. Instead, to generate results for this thesis, the Standardized Computer Analyses for Licensing Evaluation (SCALE) with the package Monaco with Automated Variance Reduction using Importance Calculations (MAVRIC) will be used. This package is a hybrid methodology code where the forward and adjoint deterministic calculations provide variance reduction parameters for the Monte Carlo portion to significantly reduce the computational time. Thus, the first task will be to develop an efficient SCALE/MAVRIC model of the IRIS building. The second task will be to evaluate the dose rate and activation of materials, specifically focusing on activation of concrete walls around the reactor vessel. Finally, results and recommendations will be presented.
59

Pressure groups and the Daya Bay controversy

Ko, Tin-ming., 高天明. January 1987 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Public Administration / Master / Master of Social Sciences
60

An investigation of coastal fumigation effects on nuclear accident consequences in Hong Kong

Huang, Aiping, 黃愛平 January 1996 (has links)
published_or_final_version / Mechanical Engineering / Master / Master of Philosophy

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