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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Magnetization-transfer NMR analysis of aqueous poly(vinyl alcohol) gels : effect of hydrolysis and storage temperature on network formation /

Stephans, Lori Ellen, January 1997 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Lehigh University, 1997. / Includes vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 128-134).
2

Fungal biodegradation of polyvinyl alcohol in soil and compost environments

Mollasalehi, Somayeh January 2013 (has links)
For over 50 years, synthetic petrochemical-based plastics have been produced in ever growing volumes globally and since their first commercial introduction; they have been continually developed with regards to quality, colour, durability, and resistance. With some exceptions, such as polyurethanes, most plastics are very stable and are not readily degraded when they enter the ground as waste, taking decades to biodegrade and therefore are major pollutants of terrestrial and marine ecosystems. During the last thirty years, extensive research has been conducted to develop biodegradable plastics as more environmentally benign alternatives to traditional plastic polymers. Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is a water-soluble polymer which has recently attracted interest for the manufacture of biodegradable plastic materials. PVA is widely used as a paper coating, in adhesives and films, as a finishing agent in the textile industries and in forming oxygen impermeable films. Consequently, waste-water can contain a considerable amount of PVA and can contaminate the wider environment where the rate of biodegradation is slow. Despite its growing use, relatively little is known about its degradation and in particular the role of fungi in this process. In this study, a number of fungal strains capable of degrading PVA from uncontaminated soil from eight different sites were isolated by enrichment in mineral salts medium containing PVA as a sole carbon source and subsequently identified by sequencing the ITS and 5.8S rDNA region. The most frequently isolated fungal strains were identified as Galactomyces geotrichum, Trichosporon laibachii, Fimetariella rabenhorsti and Fusarium oxysporum. G. geotrichum was shown to grow and utilise PVA as the sole carbon source with a mean doubling time of ca. 6-7 h and was similar on PVA with molecular weight ranges of 13-23 KDa, 30-50 KDa and 85-124 KDa. When solid PVA films were buried in compost, Galactomyces geotrichum was also found to be the principal colonizing fungus at 25°C, whereas at 45°C and 55°C, the principle species recovered was the thermophile Talaromyces emersonii. ESEM revealed that the surface of the PVA films were heavily covered with fungal mycelia and DGGE analysis of the surface mycelium confirmed that the fungi recovered from the surface of the PVA film constituted the majority of the colonising fungi. When PVA was added to soil at 25°C, and in compost at 25°C and 45°C, terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) revealed that the fungal community rapidly changed over two weeks with the appearance of novel species, presumably due to selection for degraders, but returned to a population that was similar to the starting population within six weeks, indicating that PVA contamination causes a temporary shift in the fungal community.
3

Poly(vinyl alcohol) stabilization of acrylic emulsion polymers using the miniemulsion approach /

Kim, Noma, January 2003 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Lehigh University, 2003. / Includes bibliographical references and vita.
4

The design and development of a cerebral embolic implant

Chan, Marcelo 08 1900 (has links)
No description available.
5

The processing/structure/property relationships of polyvinyl alcohol hydrogels

Trieu, Hai Hong January 1995 (has links)
No description available.
6

Development of a self-assembled polyvinyl alcohol/silica nanocomposite /

Peng, Zheng. Unknown Date (has links)
Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) has been widely used in fibre and paper industries. Due to its excellent biocompatibility, biodegradability, water solubility and gas permeability, PVA has recently attracted enormous interest in special applications such as biochemical, biomedical and environmental-friendly packaging materials. However, its poor thermal aging resistance, miserable solvent resistance and insufficient mechanical property have greatly restricted PVA’s further applications. / To overcome these drawbacks of PVA, in the present study, silica nanoparticles are introduced into PVA matrix to prepare a polyvinyl alcohol/silica (PVA/SiO²) nanocomposite by incorporating self-assembly and solution compounding techniques. Different from other conventional processes for preparing nanocomposites such as sol-gel process, intercalation and physical blending, the process developed in this study is simple, universal, low cost, yet effective, and easy to be scaled up for industrial exploitation. / Thesis (PhD)--University of South Australia, 2006.
7

The Auburn Engineering Technical Assistance Program investigation of polyvinyl alcohol film developments pertaining to radioactive particle decontamination and industrial waste minimization

Mole, Tracey Lawrence, Tarrer, Arthur R. January 2005 (has links)
Dissertation (Ph.D.)--Auburn University, / Abstract. Vita. Includes bibliographic references.
8

Surface grafting of synthetic hydrophilic polymers via ring opening metathesis polymerization for biomedical applications /

Stoddart, Stephanie S. January 2005 (has links) (PDF)
Undergraduate honors paper--Mount Holyoke College, 2005. Dept. of Chemistry. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 62-65).
9

Poly(vinyl alcohol) / cellulose nanocomposite barrier films /

Paralikar, Shweta. January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--Oregon State University, 2007. / Printout. Includes bibliographical references. Also available on the World Wide Web.
10

Colloidal gas aphron foams : a novel approach to a hydrogel based tissue engineered myocardial patch /

Johnson, Elizabeth Edna, January 2006 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Washington, 2006. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 166-176).

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