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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Treatment of critical respiratory failure in adult respiratory distress syndrome

Wetterberg, Torbjörn. January 1992 (has links)
Thesis (doctoral)--Lund University, 1992. / Added t.p. with thesis statement inserted.

Treatment of critical respiratory failure in adult respiratory distress syndrome

Wetterberg, Torbjörn. January 1992 (has links)
Thesis (doctoral)--Lund University, 1992. / Added t.p. with thesis statement inserted.

Intestinal effects of lung recruitment maneuvers /

Claesson, Jonas, January 2007 (has links)
Diss. (sammanfattning) Umeå : Univ., 2007. / Härtill 4 uppsatser.

The role of the polymorphonuclear leukocyte in the pathogenesis of the adult respiratory distress syndrome

Thommasen, Harvey Victor January 1985 (has links)
This study was designed to follow up a chance observation in patients with an admission white blood cell (WBC) count showing an absolute lymphocytosis and relative neutropenia that changed to a lymphopenia and neutrophilia within 24 hours. As 15 of the 20 patients were admitted following trauma, we examined this association further by reviewing charts of 69 patients who had sustained stab wounds to the chest and abdomen. A prospective study involving 40 patients in the Intensive Care Unit was also undertaken because of the related hypothesis that the Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is associated with sequestration of complement activated polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) by the lung. These studies show that trauma is frequently associated with a lymphocytosis and relative neutropenia. In cases where ARDS did develop, the onset of respiratory failure was associated with a profound fall in the circulating PMN count. To test the hypothesis that these leukocyte changes were due to catecholamine release and sequestration of PMN within the pulmonary micro-vasculature, we studied the effects of epinephrine infusion, lowered cardiac output and complement activation on WBC uptake and release from the dog lung. The data show that pulmonary blood flow has a marked effect on the uptake and release of WBC by the lung but has no effect on differential counts. Epinephrine infusion increases circulating WBC counts but also does not alter differential counts. In contrast, activation of the complement cascade alters differential values by causing preferential sequestration of PMN. We conclude that trauma is frequently associated with a lymphocytosis and relative neutropenia and speculate that this phenomenon is due to a combination of catecholamine release and sequestration of PMN within pulmonary and systemic microvasculatures. The findings that a profound fall in PMN counts occurs prior to the onset of ARDS and after activation of the complement pathway with cobra venom factor support the hypothesis that complement activated PMN play a role in the pathogenesis of ARDS. These data also suggest that prospective leukocyte counts may be a useful predictor with respect to determining which patients will develop this syndrome. / Medicine, Faculty of / Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Department of / Graduate

Determination of local oxygen consumption by healthy and diseased lungs in a rabbit model.

January 1999 (has links)
Gu Jia-Shi. / Thesis (M.Phil.)--Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1999. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 117-148). / Abstracts in English and Chinese. / Title --- p.i / Abstract (English) --- p.iii / Abstract (Chinese) --- p.iv / Acknowledgments --- p.v / Statement of Originality --- p.vi / List of Abbreviations --- p.viii / List of Figures --- p.xi / List of Tables --- p.xiii / Table of Contents --- p.xiv / Chapter Section One : --- Introduction & Literature Review / Introduction & Objective --- p.2 / Introduction / Objective of the present study / Chapter Chapter. 1 --- A Review of Chronic lung disease (CLD) --- p.6 / Chapter 1. --- BPD 226}0ؤ an example of CLD / Chapter 2. --- Pathological change & Clinical presentation / Chapter 3. --- Clinical sequel of CLD infants / Chapter 3.1 --- O2 consumption of CLD infants / Chapter 3.1-1 --- Oxygen consumption / Chapter 3.1-2 --- Oxygen transportation / Chapter 3.1-2a --- Dissolved O2 / Chapter 3.1-2b --- Haemoglobin / Chapter 3.2 --- Energy expenditure of CLD infants / Chapter 3.3 --- Growth rate of CLD infants / Chapter 4. --- Treatment & Management of CLD infants / Chapter 4.1 --- Diuretics / Chapter 4.2 --- Bronchodilators / Chapter 4.3 --- Corticosteroids / Chapter 5. --- "Interpretations of the observed phenomena, why does CLD impair growth?" / Chapter 5.1 --- The traditional view / Chapter 5.2 --- Disagreement with the traditional view / Chapter Chapter 2 --- Measurement of oxygen consumption --- p.20 / Chapter 1. --- Invasive measurement of VO2 / Chapter 1.1 --- Cardiac output / Chapter 1.2 --- Fick method / Chapter 1.3 --- Advantages and Disadvantages of Fick method in estimating VO2 / Chapter 1.4 --- Measurement of cardiac output by thermodilution / Chapter 1.4-1 --- Advantages and Disadvantages of Thermodilution Method / Chapter 2. --- Non-invasive measurement of VO2 / Chapter 2.1 --- Metabolic analyzer---DeltatraćёØII / Chapter 2.2 --- Paramagnetic sensor / Chapter 3. --- Measured and calculated oxygen consumption / Chapter 3.1 --- Difference between mVO2 and cVO2 / Chapter 4. --- Summary / Chapter Chapter 3 --- Hypothesis --- p.34 / Chapter 1. --- Possible explanations for the difference between mV02 & cV02 / Chapter 1.1 --- Measurement variability and Mathematical error / Chapter 1.2 --- Oxygen consumption of the lung / Chapter 1.3 --- VO2pul with lung damage / Chapter 1.4 --- "Neutrophils, Macrophages and oxygen consumption" / Chapter 2. --- Hypothesis / Chapter Section Two : --- Methods & Materials / Chapter Chapter 1 --- Animal Model --- p.41 / Chapter Chapter 2. --- Materials --- p.43 / Chapter 1. --- Animals / Chapter 2. --- Chemicals used for inducing lung damage / Chapter 2.1 --- Acute damage group / Chapter 2.1-1 --- N-nitroso-N-methylurethane (NNNMU) / Chapter 2.1-2 --- Administrations to rabbits / Chapter 2.2 --- Chronic damage group / Chapter 2.2-1 --- Bleomycin (BLM) / Chapter 2.2-2 --- Pulmonary toxicity of Bleomycin / Chapter 2.2-3 --- Administration to animals / Chapter Chapter 3 --- Instruments --- p.50 / Chapter 1. --- Measurement of VO2 and VCO2 226}0ؤDeltatracIÍёØ Metabolic analzyer / Measurement of cardiac outpu´tؤCardiomax II model85 / Chapter Chapter 4 --- Methods --- p.58 / Chapter 1. --- N-nitroso-N-methylurethane (NNNMU) Preparation / Chapter 2. --- Bleomycin Preparation / Chapter 3. --- 2.5% pentobarbitone Preparation / Chapter 4. --- Animal Preparation / Chapter 4.1 --- Control (Normal) group / Chapter 4.2 --- A cute lung damage group / Chapter 4.3 --- Chronic lung damage group / Chapter 5. --- Preparation of the animals for VO2 measurement / Chapter 6. --- Measurement of oxygen consumption / Chapter 6.1 --- VO2wb measurement / Chapter 6.2 --- VO2b measurement / Chapter 7. --- Histopathology / Chapter 8. --- Statistics / Chapter Section Three : --- Results --- p.69 / Chapter 1. --- Healthy (Control) group / Chapter 1.1 --- Pulmonary histology / Chapter 2. --- Acute lung damage group / Chapter 2.1 --- Pulmonary histology / Chapter 3. --- Chronic lung damage group / Chapter 3.1 --- Pulmonary histology / Chapter 4. --- Comparison of the pulmonary oxygen consumption among the three groups / Chapter Section Four : --- Discussion --- p.97 / Chapter Section Five : --- Conclusion --- p.111 / Chapter Section Six : --- Future Studies --- p.114 / Chapter Section Seven : --- Bibliography --- p.118

The effectiveness of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for pandemic influenza A (H1N1) induced acute respiratory distress syndrome in adults

Tsang, Hing-pang, Clement, 曾慶鵬 January 2013 (has links)
Given that pandemic swine flu outbreak led to substantial admission in intensive care unit, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been increasingly applied to those who suffered from H1N1 infection induced acute respiratory distress syndrome. This review is going to evaluate the effectiveness of using ECMO based on five related observational studies. The result, discussion and policy implication in Hong Kong are discussed. Since the ECMO system has been technological improved in recent years, there are less complications when applying ECMO. In view of evidence of reviewed studies, application of ECMO in Hong Kong can be considered as cost effective. And since only a few hospitals in Hong Kong can offer ECMO application, retrieval teams are needed to ensure safety transfer between hospitals. / published_or_final_version / Public Health / Master / Master of Public Health

Acute lung injury : study of pathogenesis and therapeutic interventions /

Rocksʹen, David, January 2003 (has links)
Diss. (sammanfattning) Umeå : Univ., 2003. / Härtill 4 uppsatser.

A study of the relationship among lung compliance, arterial oxygen tension, and subatmospheric airway pressure after endotracheal suctioning in the canine oleic acid model for the adult respiratory distress syndrome

Purvis, Jerilyn Ballweg. January 1981 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1981. / Typescript. eContent provider-neutral record in process. Description based on print version record. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 77-82).

A new approach to the adult respiratory distress syndrome : biological modelling and early identification of ventilation : perfusion inequalities in the management of patients at risk

Cloete, Anacreon 20 July 2017 (has links)
No description available.

Na companhia do vírus : concepções e vivências de adolescentes portadores do HIV/Aids /

Corvino, Juliana Maria. January 2012 (has links)
Orientador: Ione Morita / Banca: Margareth Aparecida Santini de Almeida / Banca: Maria Ines Rauter Mancuso / Resumo: Transformações sociais decorrentes do acelerado desenvolvimento urbano-industrial introduziram grandes mudanças no modo de vida. Considerando os adolescentes como tendo características próprias de um grupo em transição para a vida adulta, e as influências decorrentes do meio social e cultural, acrescenta-se mais um problema trazido pelo surgimento do HIV/Aids. Nessa condição específica de portador do HIV/Aids, tem-se que esse grupo redefine suas formas de enfrentar a vida, devido à exclusão social que a doença ainda provoca. Assim, o trabalho busca identificar a percepção de adolescentes portadores do HIV/Aids, atendidos no Ambulatório de Imunologia Especial do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu/UNESP, sobre como é viver com a doença no ambiente familiar, na escola e no hospital. Conforme a OMS, os adolescentes situam-se entre 10 a 19 anos de idade. Selecionamos para entrevista semi-estruturada, treze adolescentes em tratamento durante o ano de 2011 e para os quais se apresentou o Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética da Faculdade de Medicina. Dentre as concepções, questões como novos arranjos familiares, preconceito e estigma encontram-se presentes. Deste modo, dar voz aos jovens pacientes e reconhecer a reconfiguração de... (Resumo completo, clicar acesso eletrônico abaixo) / Abstract: Considering the fact that adolescents typically show the characteristics of a group in transition to adulthood as well as the influences from their social and cultural milieus, another problem brought by the rise of HIV/AIDS is added. In this specific condition of carrying HIV/AIDS, this group of individuals redefines their forms of coping with life due to the social exclusion that such disease still causes. Hence this study aimed at identifying the perception of adolescents with HIV/AIDS attended to at the Special Immunology Outpatient Unit of the Botucatu School of Medicine University Hospital/UNESP of what it is like to live with the disease in their family environment, at school and in the hospital. According to WHO, adolescents are from 10 to 19 years old. It was used qualitative research with thirteen adolescents undergoing treatment in 2011, that was selected to participate in semi-structured interviews, to whom was presented a Free-Consent Form approved by the Ethics Committee of the School of Medicine. In this initial stage of presenting the first results, described the data found, classified according specific characteristics, such as the fact that all respondents studying in public schools. Because they are young, there is the need to expand educational projects on the topic. These policies should be proposed in order to meet and talk more openly with students and educators concerning health, disease and approach to patients. About the outpatient clinic, the patients ranged from feeling "normal", "good" and "great". These data lead to show that this space is the presence of humanization and that there is a good relationship between doctor and patient, considering that the multidisciplinary team seeks to meet the physical, mental and social these adolescents, indicating an adaptation of the traditional biomedical model... (Complete abstract click electronic access below) / Mestre

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