21 July 2003
Zugl.: Chemnitz, Zwickau, Techn. Universiẗat, Diss., 1999.
(has links) (PDF)
Hamburg, Universiẗat, Diss., 2003.
Is video-playback in simulation, after verbal debriefing, associated with changes in nursing students’ reflection, communication and anxiety level?Vigier, Darcelle 20 September 2016 (has links)
Educational activities such as simulation, that promote the transfer of knowledge from theory to practice, are recognized as effective learning strategies by nursing educators. Debriefing that takes place after a simulation session contributes to the knowledge gained by students and can include video-playback review. Very few studies have examined the impact of video-playback review following the simulation and debriefing session. This quasi-experimental study asked the following question: Is video-playback in simulation, after verbal debriefing, associated with changes in nursing students’ reflection, communication and anxiety level? Kolb’s experiential learning theory provided the lens for this research. Findings from this study suggest that oral debriefing alone from a facilitator might have an impact in relation to students’ perceptions of their reflection, communication skills and anxiety levels. / October 2016
Simulation enables preliminary testing of products that may otherwise be dicult, ex-pensive, or dangerous to test physically. Unfortunately, intellectual property concernscan make it dicult or impossible to share the human-readable simulation models toend-users. In fact, there can even be diculties with sharing executables because ofthe possibility for reverse-engineering. This presents a problem when simulating if themodel relies on components for which the source code or executable is not available,such as proprietary components developed by another party. This thesis investigateswhether it is possible to enable a set of networked peers to all take part in computingthe same simulation without any of them having access to the entire model. One way tosolve this problem is to let each system that holds a model of a component to computeits part of the simulation for a single timestep and to share the new state through peer-to-peer connections with the other systems, once a response has been received fromall other peers, the local simulation can advance one timestep and the process can berepeated. But running a simulation over a network can make it signicantly slower,since local operations on the CPU and memory are much faster than operations overa network, and the peers will be spending most of their time waiting for each other asa result. To avoid such delays, each peer maintains expected values for variables thatare not in the local model, and updates are sent only when a local variable changes.These updates are stamped with the local simulation-time, thus allowing the recipientpeers to know when the update is required in the simulations future, or to when itshould be retroactively applied in the simulations past. Using this technique, the peerscan compute their respective local models under the assumption that the variablesthat the other peers control are unchanged. Thus the peers can advance any numberof timesteps without needing to stop and wait for other peers. These techniques willlikely result in wasted work if one or more peers are advancing their simulation timeslower than the others, when this happens, the peers have the ability to re-distributethe workload on the y by transferring control over models. This also makes it possibleto accommodate for systems joining or leaving the simulation while it is running.In this thesis we show that co-simulating in this fashion is a workable option to tra-ditional simulation when the local models are incomplete, but that the performanceis very dependent on the models being simulated. Especially the relation between thefrequency of required synchronizations, and the time to compute a timestep. In ourexperiments with fairly basic models, the performance ratio, compared to traditionalsimulation, ranged between less than one percent of that of traditional simulation, upto roughly 70%. But with slower models always having a better ratio.
01 April 2009
A Department of Defense (DoD) M&S education task force is in the process of studying the Modeling and Simulation (M&S) education of the acquisition workforce. Historically, DoD acquisition workforce education is not referred to as education, but rather what the Defense Acquisition University (DAU) refers to as "practitioner training, career management, and services." The DAU is the organization primarily responsible for training the DoD acquisition corps in conjunction with service schools and strategic partners in the civilian sector. DAU programs primarily focus on program management, contracting, and management of logistics across the system life cycle. Further, the examples and cases used in the training are primarily DoD centric. Only select DoD employees are exposed to Harvard Business School (HBS) perspectives. The use of M&S to improve system acquisition is only delivered in three courses. Further, Simulation-Based Acquisition (SBA) as a strategy in development of various systems is not explicitly taught. The general notion for this research is that exposure of actual or potential defense acquisition students to the rich civilian literature on M&S across the enterprise life cycle and SBA in particular may be beneficial to DoD. To further this general notion, this research investigates content in courses whose curriculum, while still more than 50% DoD, contains HBS SBA and other M&S related case studies. While abbreviated for the purpose of this abstract, the overall hypothesis of this dissertation is that M&S and HBS case studies make a positive contribution to DoD or potential DoD employees. To investigate this hypothesis, this research conducted both internal and external evaluations to determine the level to which the course makes a positive contribution to the student ability to "Understand the concepts of SBA across the entire program life cycle, in order to reduce the time, resources, and risks associated with the acquisition pr This was identified by the task force as a key element in the Education Skills Requirement (ESR) that this curriculum intends to address. The internal evaluation used inferential statistics to consider the validity of the course topics, content, evaluation methods, and case study delivery method through student evaluations of a live class. Among other variables, this research tracks class participants’ responses (self-assessment) and performance (subject matter expert objective assessment) demographically to include current and potential DoD employees. With the graying of DoD workforce, potential DoD employees are important to the DoD community too. The external evaluation likewise considers the validity of the course topics and content through a survey of acquisition professionals external to the class. External acquisition professionals are drawn from across DoD as well as include former DoD acquisition employees. The combination of the internal and external evaluations provides insight into these and other issues related to the course topics, content, evaluation methods, and case study delivery methods and make recommendations on these and other issues for future course offerings. / Ph.D. / Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Systems / Engineering and Computer Science / Industrial Engineering PhD
University of Central Florida College of Engineering Thesis / This study develops a methodology for the analysis of Part Task Trainer (PTT) refresh scheduling used in conjunction with large simulators. A human performance model is defined through the development of descriptive equations and system random variables. PTT scheduling calculations are performed by employing a computer program simulation. The computer algorithm generates a set of random vectors to represent the learning characteristics of a sample group of individual trainees. The relationships between simulator scheduling time, PTT frequency training, and model variables are demonstrated to be user interactive. This will allow the PTT refresh scheduling program to be used as an analytical tool for the investigator and training planner. A computer summary of the resulting simulator retraining times with PTT refresh is provided to the user. / M.S. / Masters / Engineering / Engineering / 82 p. / vi, 82 leaves, bound : ill.; 28 cm.
Thesis (M.S.)--Georgia State University, 2007. / Title from file title page. Xiaolin Hu, committee chair; Rajshekhar Sunderraman, Ying Zhu, committee members. Electronic text (71 p. : ill. (some col.)) : digital, PDF file. Description based on contents viewed Jan. 29, 2008. Includes bibliographical references (p. 70-71).
25 April 2014
Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) represent a new generation of engineered systems that tightly integrates computations, communications (cyber) and physics. Simulation plays a considerable role in validating CPSs as it substantially reduces the costs and risks in the design-testing cycles. Reliable simulations, however, mandate realistic modeling for both the cyber and the physical aspects. This is especially the case in various networked mobile CPSs (e.g., excavation robots and vehicular networks), where cost and risk may become substantial. Current CPS modeling tools lack complete models of communication. Co-simulation attempts to overcome this limitation by integrating multiple modeling and simulation tools to offer complete models of all aspects of CPSs. In this thesis, we design and implement a co-simulation environment for modeling and simulating networked CPSs. The environment is called AcumenNS3 and it integrates Acumen, a language for modeling hybrid physical systems, with NS-3, a discrete-event network simulator. This environment allows users to augment network simulations with physical models using an easy-to-use modeling language. It provides a seamless integration between network and physics models by providing mobility based on the physical simulation in addition to generic access to the physical state. Using the AcumenNS3 environment, we demonstrate and model example simulation scenarios of networked CPSs. / Thesis (Master, Computing) -- Queen's University, 2014-04-24 14:38:30.039
Schwertner, Thomas Wayne
16 August 2006
I investigated the effect of precipitation and predator abundance on Rio Grande wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo; RGWT) in Texas. My results suggested that RGWT production was strongly correlated with cumulative winter precipitation over the range of the RGWT in Texas. However, I found no evidence that predator abundance influenced RGWT production, although spatial-asynchrony of predator populations at multiple spatial scales might have masked broad-scale effects. Using the results of these analyses, as well as empirical data derived from the literature and from field studies in the southern Edwards Plateau, I developed a stochastic, density-dependent, sex- and agespecific simulation model of wild turkey population dynamics. I used the model to evaluate the effect of alternative harvest management strategies on turkey populations. Sensitivity analysis of the model suggested that shape of the density-dependence relationship, clutch size, hatchability, juvenile sex ratio, poult survival, juvenile survival, and nonbreeding hen mortality most strongly influenced model outcome. Of these, density-dependence, sex ratio, and juvenile survival were least understood and merit further research. My evaluation of fall hen harvest suggested that current rates do not pose a threat to turkey populations. Moreover, it appears that hen harvest can be extended to other portions of the RGWT range without reducing turkey abundance, assuming that population dynamics and harvest rates are similar to those in the current fall harvest zone. Finally, simulation of alternative hen harvest rates suggested that rates ≥5% of the fall hen population resulted in significant declines in the simulated population after 25 years, and rates ≥15% resulted in significant risk of extinction to the simulated population.
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