Surrogate parenting : exploring the perceptions of challenges faced by grandmothers of AIDS orphans with regard to child rearing in KhayelitshaNyatsanza, Memory Nyasha Lynnette January 2010 (has links)
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 70-75). / The research investigated the perceptions of the challenges faced by grandmothers caring for AIDS orphans in Khayelitsha, a township on the outskirts of Cape Town. The aim of this study was to make a contribution to an understanding of the challenges faced by grandmothers who are performing a surrogate parent role. The research focused on the grandmothers? perceptions of the types of challenges they faced in caring for AIDS orphans as well as their perceptions of the causes of these challenges. Lastly the research aimed to investigate the strategies employed by the grandmothers in dealing with these challenges and to ascertain whether or not grandmothers are aware of existing resources that are available to assist them with their challenges.
An exploration of the child rights violations and psychosocial risks of children orphaned primarily due to HIVKatito, Hilda Farai January 2010 (has links)
Includes abstract. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 82-86). / In this study the researcher aims to explore the child right violations and psychosocial risks experienced by children orphaned primarily as a result of HIV/AIDS in Lesotho. Lesotho ranks in at number three in the world of countries most ravaged by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Of its 2.2million citizens, 17% are orphans, and half of them have been orphaned as a result of HIV/AIDS (United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS, 2004) (UNAIDS). According to the Non-Governmental Coalition on the Rights of the child, (2000), the number of orphans in Lesotho continues to increase on daily basis resulting in the country being under enormous strain and these vulnerable children at increased risk. The research design used in this study is the qualitative research design and research was conducted using face to face in depth interviews. A semi structured interview schedule was constructed and the researcher also used a tape recorder. Purposive sampling technique was used to obtain a sample size of 12 adolescent orphans at a High School in Maseru Lesotho. Data analysis is done according to Tesche’s steps of interview analysis, in which the main themes and categories are drawn from the interviews and discussed. The main findings were that most of the orphans who participated in the study had a poor quality of life but maintained a positive outlook in terms of the future. Most of the orphans were living in child headed households that had no electricity. There was no evidence of physical abuse amongst the respondents. In terms of psycho social risks, most orphans did not suffer from depression or severe anxiety. A small percentage of orphans did experience suicidal ideation in response to the death of their parents and their current circumstances. The main conclusions were that orphans in Lesotho are experiencing child right violations especially poor quality of life and that orphans in this study did not experience severe psycho social risks. From these findings, it is recommended that there is a need for more non-profit organizations that address the child right violations and psycho social risks experienced by orphans in Lesotho as well as a need for awareness campaigns on the plight of orphans to be generated. It is also recommended that the Lesotho government continue to fund the education costs of orphans as well as offer transportation to school.
Caring for HIV positive infants : Cotlands Hospice staffs' perceptions of challenges and stressors which they experience in the workplaceShifrin, Lori Beth January 2011 (has links)
Includes abstract. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 64-69). / This study explored Cotlands Hospice staff's perceptions of challenges and stressors which they experience in the workplace, in caring for HIV infants. This aim of this study was to highlight some of the key struggles that healthcare workers are faced with in the HIV workplace in caring for HIV positive infants. The study also explored the participants' current coping strategies used to cope with stressors from within the workplace and supportive resources available to aid the participants were identified. Lastly unmet needs identified by participants were explored and discussed.
Behavioural parent training : the development of a high intensity programme for children diagnosed with conduct disorderO'Reilly, Dermot January 2000 (has links)
The impulse to develop an effective method of intervention for conduct disorder arose through practice experience. As a social worker based in a special school for children with severe emotional and behavioural problems between 1986 and 1995, I had responsibility for working with the child in the famiIy context. My clinical impression was that behavioural gains in the school setting were not transferred to the home setting, where parents of conduct-problem children reported that they continued to find the child’s behaviour unmanageable. This was confirmed by Fitzgerald, Butler, and Kinsella (1990) who found that parents having a child who was placed in a special school reported with frustration that they were not taught how to manage their child in the home setting. I shared their frustration, because it was evident that these children were usually manageable in the school setting. Generic social work training and post-qualifying training in family therapy did not however, provide the means to intervene effectively with the child’s behaviour in the home setting. I hope that this research will encourage the introduction of behavioural social work practice in Ireland, and that by doing so, it will broaden the practice options which are currently available to social workers. I also hope that the introduction of behavioural methods will lead, not to further paradigm wars, but to the necessary respect for diversity which emerges when social work is considered in a European context: The diversity of social work approaches which, despite all efforts at international harmonisation has not been levelled to one standard norm, might turn out to be one of the professions greatest assets in facing up to the diversity of the newly emerging welfare scenario (Lorenz, 1994, p. 181).
This thesis is a record of research exploring the limitations to successful policy implementation. Using Community Care as the illustrative example, it asks what these limitations might be, casting a particular light on the part played by care managers, the front-line policy implementers responsible for "needs assessments" which is a key activity in the implementation of Community Care. There is a tension in care management between the influence of procedures and the degree of discretion necessary for needs assessment to be completed effectively. In what ways, then, are policy intentions affected by the activities of care managers? Community Care is an illustration of a public policy imposed by central government through a top-down process of implementation in what is argued as a rationalist endeavour to simplify the complexities of community care and reduce it to questions of technique and structure. This attempt to present a unified conceptualisation of community care is backed by managerial procedures referred to in the public management and policy literature as "managerialism". Social work practice theory provides a third example of the rationalist attempt to simplify processes involving complex social interactions. The limitations to rationalist explanations of community care implementation and the necessity for a different kind of analysis are explored. There is a parallel with the research methodologies employed for this research. The initial interviews were helpful in revealing the degree to which policy implementation was being thwarted by care managers, but this resistance was mirrored in their rejection of my interpretation of their practice. The common thread running through the normative approach to policy implementation, management, social work practice and research methodology is an adherence to positivist forms of knowledge. The implementation of Community Care raises questions of epistemology and ontology that undermine these powerful forms of knowledge. The claim is that a different epistemology suggests practices more likely to lead to effective outcomes. An organisational orientation to effectiveness is revealed in the degree to which outcome has become wedded to techniques of scientific rationalism. A service orientation would define outcome by the degree to which the needs of vulnerable adults were met through reflection upon key relationships. The first of these is an exercise in objectivity which is not well equipped to take account of the subjective experiences of practitioners exploring needs in relationship with vulnerable adults. The service orientation suggests an experiential and participative epistemology in which people engage in the process of learning and understanding most successfully when it is collaborative rather than imposed. The second phase of fieldwork was an experiment using a method built upon a participatory epistemology and gives the reader a glimpse of what might be possible in direct contrast to rationalist approaches. Work with two co-operative inquiry groups has led me to new understandings about the nature of learning for individuals and organisations. The thesis concludes that an effective learning environment facilitating positive and reflective use of discretion can be created through co-operative inquiry, although any approach would need to include other important participants, notably managers and service users, if it is to maximise its effectiveness in the long term.
This study began in 1989 and is about leaving care and youth homelessness among young women. Little was known about young women leaving care, the early transitions of finding and maintaining independent housing, becoming a parent and managing an independent income. The research was exploratory and conducted in two parts. The first part was an 18 month longitudinal study of a cohort of female care leavers in two local authority areas, following their progress from the age of 17 until almost 19. The outcome of the first part was a typology of care leavers. The second part of the PhD consisted of a test of the typology on a larger sample by surveying a group of professionals through a mailed questionnaire. There were differences in the way the sample managed the transition to adulthood. Those who coped with the transition to adulthood more successfully, moved into independence later and in a planned way. They had good personal skills and resilience which was not adversely affected by the framework of existing social policies. Those who struggled with the transition to adulthood experienced homelessness, debts and problems in caring for their children. They had fewer personal skills, less stable support and were affected by existing social policies. Broadly, the typology was confirmed by the questionnaire sample. The study makes recommendations which affect social policies in housing, social security and employment and training and suggests ways in which the typology may assist social work practice in working with young women in care and leaving care.
Melnace, Gita, Eklund, Carin
This thesis was conducted in order to explore the views and perception of social workers from Gävleborg on animal-assisted interventions. This study examines the attitudes of social workers towards the phenomenon of animal-assisted interventions and the importance of the animal-human bond. During the investigation process semi-structured e-mail interviews and one face-to-face interview were used as a method to collect empirical data. The results showed that social workers have a positive attitude towards animal-assisted interventions, as well as whether social workers have any knowledge regarding animal-assisted interventions. The final conclusion of this thesis presents the social workers’ desire to gain more knowledge and training on animal-assisted interventions within the social work practice in Gävleborg.
Steel Magnolias Healing Journeys: Rural women speak of transforming their lives after the experience of childhood sexual assault.Allen-Kelly, Kandie, email@example.com January 2002 (has links)
This thesis examines the construction of healing from childhood sexual assault from the perspective of adult women who had been sexually abused in their childhood years. The purpose of the study is to provide a space to hear the stories of rural women, and a forum to allow those stories to be shared with a wider audience. Its focus is on the womens accounts of how their lives have been shaped by those experiences, what transformation has occurred, what people and processes have helped or hindered their journey and how they construct healing. It aims to develop an understanding of the notion of healing as reported by survivors themselves and does this though an emancipatory methodology underpinned by a critical post-modern framework. This study differs from previous studies in that its focus is specifically on the construction of healing and its participants are all rural women. The qualitative research methodology demonstrated in this thesis maintained a focus on the womens narratives. It employed a unique method a ten week discussion group in which the women chose the issues to be examined. The presentation of the data, maintains the commitment to the primacy of the womens accounts. It utilises the themes they decided upon as well as those which emerged from the literature. The constructions of healing, which emerged from the sharing of stories, include healing as a non-linear process where individual strengths and transformation is acknowledged. The thesis argues that healing includes all aspects of survivors lives such as their relationships, parenting and engagement with their community. The implication for social work practice is that service provision to assist healing must focus on more than psychological and behavioural effects of childhood sexual assault. The method of collecting the womens stories also has great potential for social work research because as the thesis argues, while generalisations cannot be made from the findings, the actual method has great value in giving voice to marginalised groups.
Griffiths, Mark, firstname.lastname@example.org
This thesis explores the personal and social challenges of teaching yoga in addiction recovery from a social work perspective. It is informed by an action research perspective using interviews and focus groups with yoga teachers and allied health professionals and the personal experiences of the researcher teaching yoga in an addiction recovery centre as well as a literature search on existing yoga and meditation programs used in addiction recovery and corrections. The research explores whether yoga could be applied as a complementary therapy in social work and how yoga assists in addiction recovery. Further it explores what programmatic requirements are needed for a constructive yoga program that addresses the needs of yoga teachers in this field and the participants who are very marginalised. The emerging themes and issues from the data and literature were explored and triangulation was used to draw one conclusion that was found consistently across all research methodologies. This was the importance of Kriya yoga. or the yoga of action, to achieve results with yoga as a complementary therapy. Kriya yoga has three elements: a commitment to regular practice, allowing time to reflect on how this practice is affecting your life and having faith in the yoga process. Undelying this notion of kriya yoga is the importance of the yoga teacher-student relationship and the value of a yoga community that supports the student in their commitment to practice. Recovery from addiction is viewed as a journey involving many stages in which the yoga student deals with relapses. The exemplary yoga programs are forms of karma yoga or the yoga of selfless action. The development of a karma yoga network that forms an on-line bridge between the yoga communities and addiction recovery services is suggested by the research as one way forward in promoting yoga as a complementary therapy in addiction recovery.
Diagnosens betydelse : En kvalitativ undersökning om gränsdragning, kategorisering och fördelning av resurser i det sociala arbetets praktik – exemplet ADHD / The significance of diagnosis : A qualitative survey on delimitation, categorization and distribution of resources in social work practice – the example of ADHDKvarnung, Clara, Söderlund, Martina January 2015 (has links)
The aim of this study is to examine if and how the diagnosis of ADHD is important for the social practice delimitation to obtain an understanding of how the sorting and categorization of clients affects the distribution of resources. In a qualitative approach, the study is based on eight semi-structured interviews in five different social practices. Young adults diagnosed with ADHD who need society's help and support, constituted our focus in the study. The selection is based on gaining an understanding of how the client process proceeds. The interviews were supplemented with documents, such as legal and internal methodological support. The empirical results relate to Hasenfeld´s discussion on "raw material" and "transforming process", Lindqvist´s "organizational fields", Johansson's "freedom of action" and Stone´s “dilemma of distribution". The results indicate that the diagnosis of ADHD represents the basis for the target group, young adults, to gain entry into the community social practices in order to obtain access to resources. The results also show that several factors determine the design of interventions: the needs of the individual and the ability to express their needs, the relationship between the professional and the individual, but also the professional´s freedom of action. Furthermore, the results show that the diagnosis of ADHD affects the possibility of collaboration between organizations.
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