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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Photoelectron spectroscopic studies of some polyatomic molecules

Sandhu, Jagjit Singh January 1967 (has links)
The 584 Å photoelectron spectra from eight polyatomic molecules (CH₃I, CH₃Cl, CH₃Br, CH₃CHO, CH₃COCH₃, SF₆, CH₃CN and C₂H₅CN) are described and shown to give all the ionization potentials less than 21.21 eV in each case. The results are interpreted in terms of the electronic structures of these molecules as given by molecular orbital theory. They are compared with results from other sources, and agreements and differences explained. A brief account of other existing methods used for the determination of ionization potentials with their advantages and disadvantages is given. The major components of the instruments are briefly discussed, and use of a Single-Grid Photoelectron Spectrometer in the detection of fine structure in the photoelectron spectra is pointed out. / Science, Faculty of / Chemistry, Department of / Graduate


Moon, Todd K., Noru, Krishna Kishor 10 1900 (has links)
International Telemetering Conference Proceedings / October 22-25, 2001 / Riviera Hotel and Convention Center, Las Vegas, Nevada / We explore the idea of matching a scaling function - the basic building block of a wavelet function - to a desired spectrum. This would allow the scaling function to be used as the signal pulse for a digital communication system that is matched to the channel, avoiding problems such as energy loss or noise amplification due to spectral nulls. An unconstrained parameterization of the scaling function coefficients represents the scaling functions. This parameterization is adapted using gradient descent. Tests indicate that the adaptation is able to capture major features of a desired spectrum, including spectral nulls and major lobes.

Spectrum management in cognitive radio wireless networks

Lee, Won Yeol 17 August 2009 (has links)
The wireless spectrum is currently regulated by government agencies and is assigned to license holders or services on a long-term basis over vast geographical regions. Recent research has shown that a large portion of the assigned spectrum is used sporadically, leading to underutilization and waste of valuable frequency resources. Consequently, dynamic spectrum access techniques are proposed to solve these current spectrum inefficiency problems. This new area of research foresees the development of cognitive radio (CR) networks to further improve spectrum efficiency. The basic idea of CR networks is that the unlicensed devices (also called CR users) share wireless channels with the licensed devices (also known as primary users) that are already using an assigned spectrum. CR networks, however, impose unique challenges resulting from high fluctuation in the available spectrum, as well as diverse quality-of-service (QoS) requirements. These challenges necessitate novel cross-layer techniques that simultaneously address a wide range of communication problems from radio frequency (RF) design to communication protocols, which can be realized through spectrum management functions as follows: (1) determine the portions of the spectrum currently available (spectrum sensing), (2) select the best available channel (spectrum decision), (3) coordinate access to this channel with other users (spectrum sharing), and (4) effectively vacate the channel when a primary user is detected (spectrum mobility). In this thesis, a spectrum management framework for CR networks is investigated that enables seamless integration of CR technology with existing networks. First, an optimal spectrum sensing framework is developed to achieve maximum spectrum opportunities while satisfying interference constraints, which can be extended to multi-spectrum/multi-user CR networks through the proposed sensing scheduling and adaptive cooperation methods. Second, a QoS-aware spectrum decision framework is proposed where spectrum bands are determined by considering the application requirements as well as the dynamic nature of the spectrum bands. Moreover, a dynamic admission control scheme is developed to decide on the spectrum bands adaptively dependent on the time-varying CR network capacity. Next, for spectrum sharing in infrastructure-based CR networks, a joint spectrum and power allocation scheme is proposed to achieve fair resource allocation as well as maximum capacity by opportunistically negotiating additional spectrum based on the licensed user activity (exclusive allocation) and having a share of reserved spectrum for each cell (common use sharing). Finally, we propose a novel CR cellular network architecture based on the spectrum-pooling concept, which mitigates the heterogeneous spectrum availability. Based on this architecture, a unified mobility management framework is devised to support both user and spectrum mobilities in CR networks.

Priority Queuing Based Spectrum sensing Methodology in Cognitive Radio Network / Priority Queuing Based Spectrum sensing Methodology in Cognitive Radio Network

sajiduet84@gmail.com, Sajid Mahmood /, mujeeb.abdullah@gmail.com, Mujeeb Abdullah / January 2011 (has links)
Radio spectrum is becoming scarce resource due to increase in the usage of wireless communication devices. However studies have revealed that most of the allotted spectrum is not used effectively. Given the demand for more bandwidth and the amount of underutilized spectrum, DSA (Dynamic Spectrum Access) networks employing cognitive radios are a solution that can revolutionize the telecommunications industry, significantly changing the way we use spectrum resources, and design wireless systems and services. Cognitive radio has improve the spectral efficiency of licensed radio frequency bands by accessing unused part of the band opportunistically without interfering with a license primary user PU. In this thesis we investigate the effects on the quality of service (QoS) performance of spectrum management techniques for the connection-based channel usage behavior for Secondary user (SU). This study also consider other factors such as spectrum sensing time, spectrum handoff and generally distributed service time and channel contention for different SUs. The preemptive resume priority M/G/1 queuing theory is used to characterize the above mentioned effects. The proposed structure of the model can integrate various system parameters such spectrum sensing, spectrum decision, spectrum sharing and spectrum handoff. / Sajid Mahmood 0046-762788990 Mujeeb Abdullah 0046-760908069

Management and Sensing of Spectrum in Cognitive Radio

Akhavan Astaneh, Saeed 04 June 2013 (has links)
Under the contemporary spectrum usage regulations, radio frequency bands are allocated statically to licensed users in a large geographical area and over a long period of time. Recent investigations have revealed that such static spectrum allocation has led to very poor usage of the overall spectrum. Cognitive radio has emerged as a new communication paradigm to improve the utilization of the radio spectrum. It is defined as an intelligent wireless communication system that allows coexistence of unlicensed users with the licensed ones as long as the perceived interference at the licensed user is capped below some acceptable level. In addition, the users in this system adopt efficient communication protocols to enhance spectral efficiency. We employ cooperative mechanisms wherein multiple users cooperate in order to accomplish the following tasks: 1) Cooperative spectrum sensing: In this task, the licensed users do not actively engage. Instead, the unlicensed users passively monitor the activity of the licensed users and transmit only during their absence. 2) Cooperative spectrum management: The licensed and unlicensed users can benefit from cooperation with each other, e.g., they can assist each other in transmission via relaying. In this fashion, they can save power or bandwidth and therefore, the whole network can accommodate more users. \end{itemize} In the first part of this thesis, we focus on cooperative spectrum sensing. We first study the performance of the optimal distributed detectors as the number of samples increases and identify the conditions under which the highest or lowest asymptotic performance is achieved. For each condition, we study several suboptimal detectors and obtain novel asymptotic expressions for their performance. We then consider distributed detection of an Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing (OFDM) signal source. We propose different optimal and suboptimal frequency-domain detectors and derive closed form expressions for their performance. These frequency-domain detectors, despite their lower computational complexity, outperform the state-of-the-art time-domain detectors. Finally, we consider distributed spectrum sensing in mixture-Nakagami fading channels. We propose several novel detectors that significantly outperform the traditional detectors. In all these cases, we prove that the suboptimal detectors are asymptotically optimal, i.e., their performance converges to the Uniformly Most Powerful (UMP) tests as the number of samples increases. In the second part of the thesis, we focus on cooperative spectrum management. We study the problem of cooperative relay selection and power allocation and determine the conditions, in terms of channel gains and network geometry, under which such cooperation leads to an increase in rate, or a reduction in power and bandwidth usage. Lastly, we propose cooperative protocols that exploit these results and greatly enhance spectrum efficiency. / Thesis (Ph.D, Mathematics & Statistics) -- Queen's University, 2013-06-04 18:23:24.845

On Random Sampling for Compliance Monitoring in Opportunistic Spectrum Access Networks

Rocke, Sean A 25 April 2013 (has links)
In the expanding spectrum marketplace, there has been a long term evolution towards more market€“oriented mechanisms, such as Opportunistic Spectrum Access (OSA), enabled through Cognitive Radio (CR) technology. However, the potential of CR technologies to revolutionize wireless communications, also introduces challenges based upon the potentially non€“deterministic CR behaviour in the Electrospace. While establishing and enforcing compliance to spectrum etiquette rules are essential to realization of successful OSA networks in the future, there has only been recent increased research activity into enforcement. This dissertation presents novel work on the spectrum monitoring aspect, which is crucial to effective enforcement of OSA. An overview of the challenges faced by current compliance monitoring methods is first presented. A framework is then proposed for the use of random spectral sampling techniques to reduce data collection complexity in wideband sensing scenarios. This approach is recommended as an alternative to Compressed Sensing (CS) techniques for wideband spectral occupancy estimation, which may be difficult to utilize in many practical congested scenarios where compliance monitoring is required. Next, a low€“cost computational approach to online randomized temporal sensing deployment is presented for characterization of temporal spectrum occupancy in cognitive radio scenarios. The random sensing approach is demonstrated and its performance is compared to CS€“based approach for occupancy estimation. A novel frame€“based sampling inversion technique is then presented for cases when it is necessary to track the temporal behaviour of individual CRs or CR networks. Parameters from randomly sampled Physical Layer Convergence Protocol (PLCP) data frames are used to reconstruct occupancy statistics, taking account of missed frames due to sampling design, sensor limitations and frame errors. Finally, investigations into the use of distributed and mobile spectrum sensing to collect spatial diversity to improve the above techniques are presented, for several common monitoring tasks in spectrum enforcement. Specifically, focus is upon techniques for achieving consensus in dynamic topologies such as in mobile sensing scenarios.

Uplink Multiuser Scheduling Techniques for Spectrum Sharing Systems

Qaraqe, Marwa 2012 August 1900 (has links)
This thesis focuses on the development of multiuser access schemes for spectrum sharing systems whereby secondary users that are randomly positioned over the coverage area are allowed to share the spectrum with primary users under the condition that the interference observed at the primary receiver is below a predetermined threshold. In particular, two scheduling schemes are proposed for selecting a user among those that satisfy the interference constraints and achieve an acceptable signal-to-noise ratio level above a predetermined signal-to-noise threshold at the secondary base station. The first scheme selects the user that reports the best channel quality. In order to alleviate the high feedback load required by the first scheme, a second scheme is proposed that is based on the concept of switched diversity where the base station scans the users in a sequential manner until an acceptable user is found. In addition, the proposed scheduling schemes operate under two power adaptive settings at the secondary users that are based on the amount of interference available at the secondary transmitter. In the On/Off power setting, users are allowed to transmit based on whether the interference constraint is met or not, while in the full power adaptive setting, users are allowed to vary their transmission power to satisfy the interference constraint. A special case of the proposed schemes is also analyzed whereby all the users are assumed to be at the same position, thus operating under the influence of independent and identically distributed Rayleigh fading channels. Finally, several numerical results are illustrated for the proposed algorithms where the trade-off between the average spectral efficiency and average feedback load of both schemes are shown.

The biological basis for changes in autofluorescence during neoplastic progression in oral mucosa

Pavlova, Ina. January 1900 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Texas at Austin, 2007. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references.

The variations in the profiles of strong Fraunhofer lines along a radius of the solar disc ...

Houtgast, Jakob. January 1942 (has links)
Proefschrift--Utrecht. / "Stellingen" ([2] p.) inserted. Bibliography: p. [141]-143.

The variations in the profiles of strong Fraunhofer lines along a radius of the solar disc ...

Houtgast, Jakob. January 1942 (has links)
Proefschrift--Utrecht. / "Stellingen" ([2] p.) inserted. Bibliography: p. [141]-143.

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